Bacterial and viral etiology of childhood diarrhea in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-03-19

AUTHORS

Isidore Juste O Bonkoungou, Kaisa Haukka, Monica Österblad, Antti J Hakanen, Alfred S Traoré, Nicolas Barro, Anja Siitonen

ABSTRACT

BackgroundDiarrhea is the most frequent health problem among children in developing countries. This study investigated the bacterial and viral etiology and related clinical and epidemiological factors in children with acute diarrhea in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.MethodsStool specimens were collected from 283 children under 5 years of age visiting hospital due to acute diarrhea and from 60 healthy controls of similar age. Pathogens were investigated by using conventional culture techniques, PCR and immunochromatographic testing. Salmonella and Shigella strains were serotyped and their susceptibility to 23 antimicrobial agents was determined by the agar dilution method.ResultsAt least one pathogen was detected in 64% of the 283 patients and in 8% of the 60 controls (p < 0.001). Rotavirus was found in 30% of the patients, followed by diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (24%), Salmonella enterica ssp. enterica (9%), Shigella spp. (6%), adenovirus (5%) and Campylobacter spp. (2%). Multiple pathogens were found in 11% of the patients and in 2% of the controls (p = 0.028). Viruses were found mainly in children of ≤ 2 years of age, whereas bacteria were equally prevalent among all the age groups. Viral infections occurred mostly during the cool dry season and the bacterial infections during the rainy season. Fever (64%) and vomiting (61%) were the most common symptoms associated with diarrhea. Only one Salmonella strain was resistant to nalidixic acid and ciprofloxacin. Of the Shigella strains, one was resistant to nalidixic acid but 81% to trimethoprim- sulfamethoxazole, 63% to streptomycin and 50% to ampicillin. Most of all the other Salmonella and Shigella strains were sensitive to all antimicrobials tested.ConclusionRotaviruses and diarrheal E. coli were the most predominant pathogens associated with acute diarrhea in Burkinabe children. Constant antimicrobial surveillance is warranted to observe for the emergence of enteric bacteria resistant to antimicrobials that are important in treatment also of severe infections. More... »

PAGES

36

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2431-13-36

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-13-36

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002370193

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23506294


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1103", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Clinical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1108", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical Microbiology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Acute Disease", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Adenoviridae Infections", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Burkina Faso", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Case-Control Studies", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Child, Preschool", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Diarrhea", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Drug Resistance, Bacterial", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Feces", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Female", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Follow-Up Studies", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Infant", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Infant, Newborn", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Male", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Rotavirus Infections", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Salmonella", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Seasons", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Serotyping", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Shigella", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Laboratoire National de Sant\u00e9 Publique, BP 24, Ouagadougou 09, Burkina Faso", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Bacteriology Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), P.O. Box 30, 00271, Helsinki, Finland", 
            "Laboratoire de Biologie Mol\u00e9culaire, d\u2019Epid\u00e9miologie et Surveillance des Bact\u00e9ries et Virus transmis par les Aliments, CRSBAN/UFR-SVT, Universit\u00e9 de Ouagadougou, BP 7021, Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso", 
            "Laboratoire National de Sant\u00e9 Publique, BP 24, Ouagadougou 09, Burkina Faso"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Bonkoungou", 
        "givenName": "Isidore Juste O", 
        "id": "sg:person.01211534467.10", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01211534467.10"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Food and Environmental Sciences, Division of Microbiology, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 56, FI-00014, Helsinki, Finland", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7737.4", 
          "name": [
            "Bacteriology Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), P.O. Box 30, 00271, Helsinki, Finland", 
            "Department of Food and Environmental Sciences, Division of Microbiology, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 56, FI-00014, Helsinki, Finland"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Haukka", 
        "givenName": "Kaisa", 
        "id": "sg:person.0757022332.04", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0757022332.04"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Antimicrobial Resistance Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), P.O. Box 57, 20521, Turku, Finland", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.14758.3f", 
          "name": [
            "Antimicrobial Resistance Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), P.O. Box 57, 20521, Turku, Finland"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "\u00d6sterblad", 
        "givenName": "Monica", 
        "id": "sg:person.0645221130.20", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0645221130.20"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Antimicrobial Resistance Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), P.O. Box 57, 20521, Turku, Finland", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.14758.3f", 
          "name": [
            "Antimicrobial Resistance Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), P.O. Box 57, 20521, Turku, Finland"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hakanen", 
        "givenName": "Antti J", 
        "id": "sg:person.0622521456.45", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0622521456.45"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Laboratoire de Biologie Mol\u00e9culaire, d\u2019Epid\u00e9miologie et Surveillance des Bact\u00e9ries et Virus transmis par les Aliments, CRSBAN/UFR-SVT, Universit\u00e9 de Ouagadougou, BP 7021, Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.218069.4", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire de Biologie Mol\u00e9culaire, d\u2019Epid\u00e9miologie et Surveillance des Bact\u00e9ries et Virus transmis par les Aliments, CRSBAN/UFR-SVT, Universit\u00e9 de Ouagadougou, BP 7021, Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Traor\u00e9", 
        "givenName": "Alfred S", 
        "id": "sg:person.016466717302.31", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016466717302.31"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Laboratoire de Biologie Mol\u00e9culaire, d\u2019Epid\u00e9miologie et Surveillance des Bact\u00e9ries et Virus transmis par les Aliments, CRSBAN/UFR-SVT, Universit\u00e9 de Ouagadougou, BP 7021, Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.218069.4", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire de Biologie Mol\u00e9culaire, d\u2019Epid\u00e9miologie et Surveillance des Bact\u00e9ries et Virus transmis par les Aliments, CRSBAN/UFR-SVT, Universit\u00e9 de Ouagadougou, BP 7021, Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Barro", 
        "givenName": "Nicolas", 
        "id": "sg:person.0710707132.87", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0710707132.87"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Bacteriology Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), P.O. Box 30, 00271, Helsinki, Finland", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.14758.3f", 
          "name": [
            "Bacteriology Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), P.O. Box 30, 00271, Helsinki, Finland"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Siitonen", 
        "givenName": "Anja", 
        "id": "sg:person.0636775117.00", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0636775117.00"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2431-11-19", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004834826", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-11-19"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-7-359", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017581617", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-7-359"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2431-10-94", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005195758", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-10-94"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2013-03-19", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2013-03-19", 
    "description": "BackgroundDiarrhea is the most frequent health problem among children in developing countries. This study investigated the bacterial and viral etiology and related clinical and epidemiological factors in children with acute diarrhea in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.MethodsStool specimens were collected from 283 children under 5\u00a0years of age visiting hospital due to acute diarrhea and from 60 healthy controls of similar age. Pathogens were investigated by using conventional culture techniques, PCR and immunochromatographic testing. Salmonella and Shigella strains were serotyped and their susceptibility to 23 antimicrobial agents was determined by the agar dilution method.ResultsAt least one pathogen was detected in 64% of the 283 patients and in 8% of the 60 controls (p\u2009<\u20090.001). Rotavirus was found in 30% of the patients, followed by diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (24%), Salmonella enterica ssp. enterica (9%), Shigella spp. (6%), adenovirus (5%) and Campylobacter spp. (2%). Multiple pathogens were found in 11% of the patients and in 2% of the controls (p\u2009=\u20090.028). Viruses were found mainly in children of\u2009\u2264\u20092\u00a0years of age, whereas bacteria were equally prevalent among all the age groups. Viral infections occurred mostly during the cool dry season and the bacterial infections during the rainy season. Fever (64%) and vomiting (61%) were the most common symptoms associated with diarrhea. Only one Salmonella strain was resistant to nalidixic acid and ciprofloxacin. Of the Shigella strains, one was resistant to nalidixic acid but 81% to trimethoprim- sulfamethoxazole, 63% to streptomycin and 50% to ampicillin. Most of all the other Salmonella and Shigella strains were sensitive to all antimicrobials tested.ConclusionRotaviruses and diarrheal E. coli were the most predominant pathogens associated with acute diarrhea in Burkinabe children. Constant antimicrobial surveillance is warranted to observe for the emergence of enteric bacteria resistant to antimicrobials that are important in treatment also of severe infections.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2431-13-36", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.4244852", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1024635", 
        "issn": [
          "1471-2431"
        ], 
        "name": "BMC Pediatrics", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "13"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "years of age", 
      "acute diarrhea", 
      "viral etiology", 
      "Shigella strains", 
      "frequent health problem", 
      "diarrheagenic Escherichia coli", 
      "agar dilution method", 
      "common symptoms", 
      "Burkinabe children", 
      "immunochromatographic testing", 
      "childhood diarrhea", 
      "severe infections", 
      "healthy controls", 
      "predominant pathogen", 
      "viral infection", 
      "epidemiological factors", 
      "diarrhea", 
      "antimicrobial surveillance", 
      "health problems", 
      "age groups", 
      "bacterial infections", 
      "conventional culture techniques", 
      "patients", 
      "Shigella spp", 
      "infection", 
      "Salmonella enterica ssp", 
      "similar age", 
      "Salmonella strains", 
      "Campylobacter spp", 
      "children", 
      "Burkina Faso", 
      "multiple pathogens", 
      "etiology", 
      "age", 
      "antimicrobial agents", 
      "dilution method", 
      "enteric bacteria", 
      "pathogens", 
      "antimicrobials", 
      "Ouagadougou", 
      "Salmonella", 
      "BackgroundDiarrhea", 
      "vomiting", 
      "fever", 
      "culture techniques", 
      "ResultsAt", 
      "hospital", 
      "symptoms", 
      "years", 
      "rotavirus", 
      "control", 
      "ampicillin", 
      "ciprofloxacin", 
      "adenovirus", 
      "E. coli", 
      "virus", 
      "Shigella", 
      "treatment", 
      "surveillance", 
      "streptomycin", 
      "Faso", 
      "strains", 
      "PCR", 
      "Escherichia coli", 
      "group", 
      "spp", 
      "agents", 
      "bacteria", 
      "susceptibility", 
      "enterica", 
      "coli", 
      "factors", 
      "testing", 
      "study", 
      "specimens", 
      "cool dry season", 
      "acid", 
      "countries", 
      "emergence", 
      "rainy season", 
      "technique", 
      "method", 
      "ssp", 
      "season", 
      "problem", 
      "dry season"
    ], 
    "name": "Bacterial and viral etiology of childhood diarrhea in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso", 
    "pagination": "36", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1002370193"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1186/1471-2431-13-36"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "23506294"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-13-36", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002370193"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-11-24T20:58", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221124/entities/gbq_results/article/article_600.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-13-36"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2431-13-36'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2431-13-36'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2431-13-36'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2431-13-36'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

300 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      135 URIs      123 LITERALS      27 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2431-13-36 schema:about N14281514cb214d1eb9dd57f974bbe281
2 N1806e9c0aa2e417ca001ca9f65355fa6
3 N181c49ab591c4a06a73c549639ed2c8e
4 N1a88d3e1035140e9858c0966b5234df5
5 N3544bf7fc8f246d19ed3342c23b9ecba
6 N3a615249ac57473a97664647ef73178f
7 N3b8193210ec84a3397426ed2359b3e32
8 N609652b0a5f74fd8bf7d4c9a1119c237
9 N6221165777884413a5885cd589e66205
10 N6a5b19d9c46b49c5b4e8d5e8e1f1fb16
11 N877faa2ea92441b0b235e948c99ac548
12 N91aeb62094ed42fd9d4eebfd701a8254
13 N9f3ccc84dc3546c8a1d7177ede684e21
14 Na9f6d4a3a7e243c3a1798a728b38ef87
15 Nc78ec1c95e4a4aa499980d8e4546beba
16 Nd39d173b52d8430c8c783748d901119e
17 Ndc1fc9e9808a44b6b37f41429d2a693e
18 Ndfebcd40122149fb85a603ff8fd6a3c8
19 Ne3ad57fd74c84c5da685de3bdea1aa0a
20 Nf4f6f5d8f40e40fe80bd02cd4b11e59c
21 anzsrc-for:11
22 anzsrc-for:1103
23 anzsrc-for:1108
24 schema:author N21754ee4f26544e998511acb69f70e70
25 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2431-10-94
26 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2431-11-19
27 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-7-359
28 schema:datePublished 2013-03-19
29 schema:datePublishedReg 2013-03-19
30 schema:description BackgroundDiarrhea is the most frequent health problem among children in developing countries. This study investigated the bacterial and viral etiology and related clinical and epidemiological factors in children with acute diarrhea in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.MethodsStool specimens were collected from 283 children under 5 years of age visiting hospital due to acute diarrhea and from 60 healthy controls of similar age. Pathogens were investigated by using conventional culture techniques, PCR and immunochromatographic testing. Salmonella and Shigella strains were serotyped and their susceptibility to 23 antimicrobial agents was determined by the agar dilution method.ResultsAt least one pathogen was detected in 64% of the 283 patients and in 8% of the 60 controls (p < 0.001). Rotavirus was found in 30% of the patients, followed by diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (24%), Salmonella enterica ssp. enterica (9%), Shigella spp. (6%), adenovirus (5%) and Campylobacter spp. (2%). Multiple pathogens were found in 11% of the patients and in 2% of the controls (p = 0.028). Viruses were found mainly in children of ≤ 2 years of age, whereas bacteria were equally prevalent among all the age groups. Viral infections occurred mostly during the cool dry season and the bacterial infections during the rainy season. Fever (64%) and vomiting (61%) were the most common symptoms associated with diarrhea. Only one Salmonella strain was resistant to nalidixic acid and ciprofloxacin. Of the Shigella strains, one was resistant to nalidixic acid but 81% to trimethoprim- sulfamethoxazole, 63% to streptomycin and 50% to ampicillin. Most of all the other Salmonella and Shigella strains were sensitive to all antimicrobials tested.ConclusionRotaviruses and diarrheal E. coli were the most predominant pathogens associated with acute diarrhea in Burkinabe children. Constant antimicrobial surveillance is warranted to observe for the emergence of enteric bacteria resistant to antimicrobials that are important in treatment also of severe infections.
31 schema:genre article
32 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
33 schema:isPartOf N2cc25343ad52497a90af204c07f62adf
34 N5732346897d04ecb8384f7a22168b3e6
35 sg:journal.1024635
36 schema:keywords BackgroundDiarrhea
37 Burkina Faso
38 Burkinabe children
39 Campylobacter spp
40 E. coli
41 Escherichia coli
42 Faso
43 Ouagadougou
44 PCR
45 ResultsAt
46 Salmonella
47 Salmonella enterica ssp
48 Salmonella strains
49 Shigella
50 Shigella spp
51 Shigella strains
52 acid
53 acute diarrhea
54 adenovirus
55 agar dilution method
56 age
57 age groups
58 agents
59 ampicillin
60 antimicrobial agents
61 antimicrobial surveillance
62 antimicrobials
63 bacteria
64 bacterial infections
65 childhood diarrhea
66 children
67 ciprofloxacin
68 coli
69 common symptoms
70 control
71 conventional culture techniques
72 cool dry season
73 countries
74 culture techniques
75 diarrhea
76 diarrheagenic Escherichia coli
77 dilution method
78 dry season
79 emergence
80 enteric bacteria
81 enterica
82 epidemiological factors
83 etiology
84 factors
85 fever
86 frequent health problem
87 group
88 health problems
89 healthy controls
90 hospital
91 immunochromatographic testing
92 infection
93 method
94 multiple pathogens
95 pathogens
96 patients
97 predominant pathogen
98 problem
99 rainy season
100 rotavirus
101 season
102 severe infections
103 similar age
104 specimens
105 spp
106 ssp
107 strains
108 streptomycin
109 study
110 surveillance
111 susceptibility
112 symptoms
113 technique
114 testing
115 treatment
116 viral etiology
117 viral infection
118 virus
119 vomiting
120 years
121 years of age
122 schema:name Bacterial and viral etiology of childhood diarrhea in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
123 schema:pagination 36
124 schema:productId Nea4492c4c84d4781b58c2e3c14d6d4ff
125 Nf8a1dfb6a61144dd9234999143a5ecfa
126 Nfd577c501136480c85af0e3d7434c076
127 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002370193
128 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-13-36
129 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-11-24T20:58
130 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
131 schema:sdPublisher Na947298ae99f4be8a02f05f65cda5350
132 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-13-36
133 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
134 sgo:sdDataset articles
135 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
136 N02188b67ac9145b5b2b30edde6cc5ac7 rdf:first sg:person.0622521456.45
137 rdf:rest N3939f3ac72a142b48d309379d9afdf9f
138 N14281514cb214d1eb9dd57f974bbe281 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
139 schema:name Follow-Up Studies
140 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
141 N1806e9c0aa2e417ca001ca9f65355fa6 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
142 schema:name Seasons
143 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
144 N181c49ab591c4a06a73c549639ed2c8e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
145 schema:name Female
146 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
147 N1a88d3e1035140e9858c0966b5234df5 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
148 schema:name Rotavirus Infections
149 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
150 N21754ee4f26544e998511acb69f70e70 rdf:first sg:person.01211534467.10
151 rdf:rest N9786ede32cd240d788d7cf00de588008
152 N2cc25343ad52497a90af204c07f62adf schema:volumeNumber 13
153 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
154 N3544bf7fc8f246d19ed3342c23b9ecba schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
155 schema:name Serotyping
156 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
157 N3939f3ac72a142b48d309379d9afdf9f rdf:first sg:person.016466717302.31
158 rdf:rest Ne40e4445fd1e4fabbd104fec8847252a
159 N3a615249ac57473a97664647ef73178f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
160 schema:name Male
161 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
162 N3b8193210ec84a3397426ed2359b3e32 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
163 schema:name Humans
164 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
165 N5732346897d04ecb8384f7a22168b3e6 schema:issueNumber 1
166 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
167 N609652b0a5f74fd8bf7d4c9a1119c237 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
168 schema:name Adenoviridae Infections
169 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
170 N6221165777884413a5885cd589e66205 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
171 schema:name Infant
172 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
173 N6a5b19d9c46b49c5b4e8d5e8e1f1fb16 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
174 schema:name Infant, Newborn
175 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
176 N860a086a87a04fda85ccedb11c78ecdf rdf:first sg:person.0645221130.20
177 rdf:rest N02188b67ac9145b5b2b30edde6cc5ac7
178 N877faa2ea92441b0b235e948c99ac548 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
179 schema:name Drug Resistance, Bacterial
180 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
181 N91aeb62094ed42fd9d4eebfd701a8254 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
182 schema:name Case-Control Studies
183 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
184 N9786ede32cd240d788d7cf00de588008 rdf:first sg:person.0757022332.04
185 rdf:rest N860a086a87a04fda85ccedb11c78ecdf
186 N9f3ccc84dc3546c8a1d7177ede684e21 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
187 schema:name Salmonella
188 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
189 Na947298ae99f4be8a02f05f65cda5350 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
190 rdf:type schema:Organization
191 Na9f6d4a3a7e243c3a1798a728b38ef87 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
192 schema:name Shigella
193 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
194 Nb40b926154ff4f0195de967d139e9217 rdf:first sg:person.0636775117.00
195 rdf:rest rdf:nil
196 Nc78ec1c95e4a4aa499980d8e4546beba schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
197 schema:name Child, Preschool
198 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
199 Nd39d173b52d8430c8c783748d901119e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
200 schema:name Acute Disease
201 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
202 Ndc1fc9e9808a44b6b37f41429d2a693e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
203 schema:name Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections
204 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
205 Ndfebcd40122149fb85a603ff8fd6a3c8 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
206 schema:name Diarrhea
207 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
208 Ne3ad57fd74c84c5da685de3bdea1aa0a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
209 schema:name Burkina Faso
210 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
211 Ne40e4445fd1e4fabbd104fec8847252a rdf:first sg:person.0710707132.87
212 rdf:rest Nb40b926154ff4f0195de967d139e9217
213 Nea4492c4c84d4781b58c2e3c14d6d4ff schema:name doi
214 schema:value 10.1186/1471-2431-13-36
215 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
216 Nf4f6f5d8f40e40fe80bd02cd4b11e59c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
217 schema:name Feces
218 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
219 Nf8a1dfb6a61144dd9234999143a5ecfa schema:name pubmed_id
220 schema:value 23506294
221 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
222 Nfd577c501136480c85af0e3d7434c076 schema:name dimensions_id
223 schema:value pub.1002370193
224 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
225 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
226 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
227 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
228 anzsrc-for:1103 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
229 schema:name Clinical Sciences
230 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
231 anzsrc-for:1108 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
232 schema:name Medical Microbiology
233 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
234 sg:grant.4244852 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2431-13-36
235 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
236 sg:journal.1024635 schema:issn 1471-2431
237 schema:name BMC Pediatrics
238 schema:publisher Springer Nature
239 rdf:type schema:Periodical
240 sg:person.01211534467.10 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
241 schema:familyName Bonkoungou
242 schema:givenName Isidore Juste O
243 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01211534467.10
244 rdf:type schema:Person
245 sg:person.016466717302.31 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.218069.4
246 schema:familyName Traoré
247 schema:givenName Alfred S
248 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016466717302.31
249 rdf:type schema:Person
250 sg:person.0622521456.45 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.14758.3f
251 schema:familyName Hakanen
252 schema:givenName Antti J
253 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0622521456.45
254 rdf:type schema:Person
255 sg:person.0636775117.00 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.14758.3f
256 schema:familyName Siitonen
257 schema:givenName Anja
258 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0636775117.00
259 rdf:type schema:Person
260 sg:person.0645221130.20 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.14758.3f
261 schema:familyName Österblad
262 schema:givenName Monica
263 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0645221130.20
264 rdf:type schema:Person
265 sg:person.0710707132.87 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.218069.4
266 schema:familyName Barro
267 schema:givenName Nicolas
268 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0710707132.87
269 rdf:type schema:Person
270 sg:person.0757022332.04 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.7737.4
271 schema:familyName Haukka
272 schema:givenName Kaisa
273 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0757022332.04
274 rdf:type schema:Person
275 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2431-10-94 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005195758
276 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-10-94
277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
278 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2431-11-19 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004834826
279 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-11-19
280 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
281 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-7-359 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017581617
282 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-7-359
283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
284 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName Laboratoire National de Santé Publique, BP 24, Ouagadougou 09, Burkina Faso
285 schema:name Bacteriology Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), P.O. Box 30, 00271, Helsinki, Finland
286 Laboratoire National de Santé Publique, BP 24, Ouagadougou 09, Burkina Faso
287 Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire, d’Epidémiologie et Surveillance des Bactéries et Virus transmis par les Aliments, CRSBAN/UFR-SVT, Université de Ouagadougou, BP 7021, Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso
288 rdf:type schema:Organization
289 grid-institutes:grid.14758.3f schema:alternateName Antimicrobial Resistance Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), P.O. Box 57, 20521, Turku, Finland
290 Bacteriology Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), P.O. Box 30, 00271, Helsinki, Finland
291 schema:name Antimicrobial Resistance Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), P.O. Box 57, 20521, Turku, Finland
292 Bacteriology Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), P.O. Box 30, 00271, Helsinki, Finland
293 rdf:type schema:Organization
294 grid-institutes:grid.218069.4 schema:alternateName Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire, d’Epidémiologie et Surveillance des Bactéries et Virus transmis par les Aliments, CRSBAN/UFR-SVT, Université de Ouagadougou, BP 7021, Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso
295 schema:name Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire, d’Epidémiologie et Surveillance des Bactéries et Virus transmis par les Aliments, CRSBAN/UFR-SVT, Université de Ouagadougou, BP 7021, Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso
296 rdf:type schema:Organization
297 grid-institutes:grid.7737.4 schema:alternateName Department of Food and Environmental Sciences, Division of Microbiology, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 56, FI-00014, Helsinki, Finland
298 schema:name Bacteriology Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), P.O. Box 30, 00271, Helsinki, Finland
299 Department of Food and Environmental Sciences, Division of Microbiology, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 56, FI-00014, Helsinki, Finland
300 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...