Cancer patients' needs during hospitalisation: a quantitative and qualitative study View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2003-04-23

AUTHORS

Marcello Tamburini, Laura Gangeri, Cinzia Brunelli, Paolo Boeri, Claudia Borreani, Marco Bosisio, Claude Fusco Karmann, Margherita Greco, Guido Miccinesi, Luciana Murru, Patrizia Trimigno

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The evaluation of cancer patients needs, especially during that delicate period when they are hospitalized, allows the identification of those areas of care that require to be improved. Aims of the study were to evaluate the needs in cancer inpatients and to improve the understanding of the meanings of the needs expressed. METHODS: The study was conducted during a "sample day", with all the cancer patients involved having been hospitalized at the Istituto Nazionale Tumori of Milan (INT) for at least 48 hours beforehand. The study was carried out using quantitative and qualitative methodologies. The quantitative part of the study consisted in making use of the Needs Evaluation Questionnaire (NEQ), a standardized questionnaire administered by the INT Psychology Unit members, supported by a group of volunteers from the Milan section of the Italian League Against Cancer. The aim of the qualitative part of the study, by semi-structured interviews conducted with a small sample of 8 hospitalized patients, was to improve our understanding of the meanings, implications of the needs directly described from the point of view of the patients. Such an approach determines the reasons and conditions of the dissatisfaction in the patient, and provides additional information for the planning of improvement interventions. RESULTS: Of the 224 eligible patients, 182 (81%) completed the questionnaire. Four of the top five needs expressed by 40% or more of the responders concerned information needs (diagnosis, future conditions, dialogue with doctors, economic-insurance solutions related to the disease). Only one of the 5 was concerned with improved "hotel" services (bathrooms, meals, cleanliness). Qualitative analysis showed that the most expressed need (to receive more information on their future conditions) has the meaning to know how their future life will be affected more than to know his/her actual prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: Some of the needs which emerged from this investigation could be immediately satisfied (the need for psychological support, the need for economic aid, the need for spiritual support), while others will have to be faced in the longer term; for example, the presence of a high percentage of needs in patient-physician relationships and/or information-communication issues, could be resolved by setting up structured introductory training courses for all clinicians in the institution. On the other hand, the needs related to the living infrastructure (bathrooms, meals, etc.) could encourage the Institution to improve its services. More... »

PAGES

12-12

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2001-06. Community cancer clinics: patients' perspectives in SUPPORTIVE CARE IN CANCER
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2407-3-12

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2407-3-12

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    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003301923

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12710890


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