Impaired endocytosis in proximal tubule from subchronic exposure to cadmium involves angiotensin II type 1 and cubilin receptors View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2013-10-05

AUTHORS

Mitzi Paola Santoyo-Sánchez, José Pedraza-Chaverri, Eduardo Molina-Jijón, Laura Arreola-Mendoza, Rafael Rodríguez-Muñoz, Olivier Christophe Barbier

ABSTRACT

BackgroundChronic exposure to low cadmium (Cd) levels produces urinary excretion of low molecular weight proteins, which is considered the critical effect of Cd exposure. However, the mechanisms involved in Cd-induced proteinuria are not entirely clear. Therefore, the present study was designed to evaluate the possible role of megalin and cubilin (important endocytic receptors in proximal tubule cells) and angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor on Cd-induced microalbuminuria.MethodsFour groups of female Wistar rats were studied. Control (CT) group, vehicle-treated rats; LOS group, rats treated with losartan (an AT1 antagonist) from weeks 5 to 8 (10 mg/kg/day by gavage); Cd group, rats subchronically exposed to Cd (3 mg/kg/day by gavage) during 8 weeks, and Cd + LOS group, rats treated with Cd for 8 weeks and LOS from weeks 5–8. Kidney Cd content, glomerular function (evaluated by creatinine clearance and plasma creatinine), kidney injury and tubular function (evaluated by Kim-1 expression, urinary excretion of N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) and glucose, and microalbuminuria), oxidative stress (measured by lipid peroxidation and NAD(P)H oxidase activity), mRNA levels of megalin, expressions of megalin and cubilin (by confocal microscopy) and AT1 receptor (by Western blot), were measured in the different experimental groups. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA or Kruskal-Wallis test using GraphPad Prism 5 software (Version 5.00). P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.ResultsAdministration of Cd (Cd and Cd + LOS groups) increased renal Cd content. LOS-treatment decreased Cd-induced microalbuminuria without changes in: plasma creatinine, creatinine clearance, urinary NAG and glucose, oxidative stress, mRNA levels of megalin and cubilin, neither protein expression of megalin nor AT1 receptor, in the different experimental groups studied. However, Cd exposure did induce the expression of the tubular injury marker Kim-1 and decreased cubilin protein levels in proximal tubule cells whereas LOS-treatment restored cubilin levels and suppressed Kim-1 expression.ConclusionLOS treatment decreased microalbuminuria induced by Cd apparently through a cubilin receptor-dependent mechanism but independent of megalin. More... »

PAGES

211

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2012-01-21. Cadmium modulates NADPH oxidase activity and expression in sunflower leaves in BIOLOGIA PLANTARUM
  • 2008-07. Reduction of proteinuria with angiotensin receptor blockers in NATURE CLINICAL PRACTICE CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2369-14-211

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2369-14-211

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030208391

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24093454


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