Acute childhood diarrhoea in northern Ghana: epidemiological, clinical and microbiological characteristics View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2007-12

AUTHORS

Klaus Reither, Ralf Ignatius, Thomas Weitzel, Andrew Seidu-Korkor, Louis Anyidoho, Eiman Saad, Andrea Djie-Maletz, Peter Ziniel, Felicia Amoo-Sakyi, Francis Danikuu, Stephen Danour, Rowland N Otchwemah, Eckart Schreier, Ulrich Bienzle, Klaus Stark, Frank P Mockenhaupt

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Acute diarrhoea is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Its microbiological causes and clinico-epidemiological aspects were examined during the dry season 2005/6 in Tamale, urban northern Ghana. METHODS: Stool specimens of 243 children with acute diarrhoea and of 124 control children were collected. Patients were clinically examined, and malaria and anaemia were assessed. Rota-, astro-, noro- and adenoviruses were identified by (RT-) PCR assays. Intestinal parasites were diagnosed by microscopy, stool antigen assays and PCR, and bacteria by culturing methods. RESULTS: Watery stools, fever, weakness, and sunken eyes were the most common symptoms in patients (mean age, 10 months). Malaria occurred in 15% and anaemia in 91%; underweight (22%) and wasting (19%) were frequent. Intestinal micro-organisms were isolated from 77% of patients and 53% of controls (P < 0.0001). The most common pathogens in patients were rotavirus (55%), adenovirus (28%) and norovirus (10%); intestinal parasites (5%) and bacteria (5%) were rare. Rotavirus was the only pathogen found significantly more frequently in patients than in controls (odds ratio 7.7; 95%CI, 4.2-14.2), and was associated with young age, fever and watery stools. Patients without an identified cause of diarrhoea more frequently had symptomatic malaria (25%) than those with diagnosed intestinal pathogens (12%, P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Rotavirus-infection is the predominant cause of acute childhood diarrhoea in urban northern Ghana. The abundance of putative enteropathogens among controls may indicate prolonged excretion or limited pathogenicity. In this population with a high burden of diarrhoeal and other diseases, sanitation, health education, and rotavirus-vaccination can be expected to have substantial impact on childhood morbidity. More... »

PAGES

104

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2334-7-104

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-7-104

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037588002

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17822541


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1108", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical Microbiology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Anti-Infective Agents", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Child", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Child, Preschool", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Diarrhea", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Feces", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Fluid Therapy", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Ghana", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Infant", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Logistic Models", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Rotavirus", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Rotavirus Infections", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Surveys and Questionnaires", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Urban Population", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5252.0", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charit\u00e9 \u2013 University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany", 
            "Northern Region Malaria Project, NORMAP, Tamale, Ghana", 
            "Department of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, University of Munich, Munich, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Reither", 
        "givenName": "Klaus", 
        "id": "sg:person.0704333534.82", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0704333534.82"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Charit\u00e9", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6363.0", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Microbiology and Hygiene, Charit\u00e9 \u2013 University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ignatius", 
        "givenName": "Ralf", 
        "id": "sg:person.01052356754.66", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01052356754.66"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Charit\u00e9", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6363.0", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charit\u00e9 \u2013 University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Weitzel", 
        "givenName": "Thomas", 
        "id": "sg:person.01302215127.40", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01302215127.40"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Ministry of Health", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.415765.4", 
          "name": [
            "Regional Health Administration, Ministry of Health, Tamale, Ghana"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Seidu-Korkor", 
        "givenName": "Andrew", 
        "id": "sg:person.01272757563.66", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01272757563.66"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University for Development Studies", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442305.4", 
          "name": [
            "School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Anyidoho", 
        "givenName": "Louis", 
        "id": "sg:person.0611625563.80", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0611625563.80"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Charit\u00e9", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6363.0", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charit\u00e9 \u2013 University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany", 
            "Northern Region Malaria Project, NORMAP, Tamale, Ghana"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Saad", 
        "givenName": "Eiman", 
        "id": "sg:person.0657740763.83", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0657740763.83"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Charit\u00e9", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6363.0", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Microbiology and Hygiene, Charit\u00e9 \u2013 University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Djie-Maletz", 
        "givenName": "Andrea", 
        "id": "sg:person.01221003263.06", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01221003263.06"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Northern Region Malaria Project, NORMAP, Tamale, Ghana"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ziniel", 
        "givenName": "Peter", 
        "id": "sg:person.0774167363.81", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0774167363.81"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Northern Region Malaria Project, NORMAP, Tamale, Ghana"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Amoo-Sakyi", 
        "givenName": "Felicia", 
        "id": "sg:person.01367431453.83", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01367431453.83"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University for Development Studies", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442305.4", 
          "name": [
            "School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Danikuu", 
        "givenName": "Francis", 
        "id": "sg:person.0726054163.51", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0726054163.51"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Ministry of Health", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.415765.4", 
          "name": [
            "Regional Health Administration, Ministry of Health, Tamale, Ghana"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Danour", 
        "givenName": "Stephen", 
        "id": "sg:person.01335231663.75", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01335231663.75"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University for Development Studies", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442305.4", 
          "name": [
            "School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Otchwemah", 
        "givenName": "Rowland N", 
        "id": "sg:person.0776731524.39", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0776731524.39"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Robert Koch Institute", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13652.33", 
          "name": [
            "Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Schreier", 
        "givenName": "Eckart", 
        "id": "sg:person.01273761516.92", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01273761516.92"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Charit\u00e9", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6363.0", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charit\u00e9 \u2013 University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Bienzle", 
        "givenName": "Ulrich", 
        "id": "sg:person.01356536734.62", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01356536734.62"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Robert Koch Institute", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13652.33", 
          "name": [
            "Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Stark", 
        "givenName": "Klaus", 
        "id": "sg:person.012152107272.75", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012152107272.75"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Charit\u00e9", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6363.0", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charit\u00e9 \u2013 University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Mockenhaupt", 
        "givenName": "Frank P", 
        "id": "sg:person.01011633334.23", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01011633334.23"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3156.2000.00512.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000526742"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.109.6.e86", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002438637"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3156.2001.00757.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004956289"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1053/j.spid.2005.12.008", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006593737"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2005.01427.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009276418"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2005.01427.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009276418"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/1096-9071(200101)63:1<67::aid-jmv1010>3.0.co;2-t", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012158732"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4314/eamj.v80i12.8783", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012863000"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4314/eamj.v80i12.8783", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012863000"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1469-0691.2003.00560.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013619716"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3156.2003.01097.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015415797"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcp/103.5.656", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017325000"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(04)15599-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022231404"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/jcm.41.9.4238-4245.2003", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024431452"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(06)68815-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027151332"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/504688", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028644435"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/jcm.42.12.5745-5750.2004", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031026641"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.20722", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034735466"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1086/315590", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037167966"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s007050050038", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041206859", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s007050050038"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3109/00365549009027046", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042902664"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/jcm.41.6.2317-2322.2003", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043370806"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(05)71877-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043533523"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0035-9203(03)80106-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043586160"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.10449", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044023186"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0140-6736(91)90945-l", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044552839"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0140-6736(91)90945-l", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044552839"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.10139", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045153224"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1360-2276.2003.01141.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045420303"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0166-6851(93)90077-b", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046601485"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0166-6851(93)90077-b", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046601485"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.109.5.898", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067821519"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074680278", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075290727", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2003.69.398", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076603855"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2004.70.536", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076842706"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077218965", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078578039", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080725205", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081612150", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082391481", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.1994.51.115", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082631797"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082866016", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082873828", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2007-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2007-12-01", 
    "description": "BACKGROUND: Acute diarrhoea is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Its microbiological causes and clinico-epidemiological aspects were examined during the dry season 2005/6 in Tamale, urban northern Ghana.\nMETHODS: Stool specimens of 243 children with acute diarrhoea and of 124 control children were collected. Patients were clinically examined, and malaria and anaemia were assessed. Rota-, astro-, noro- and adenoviruses were identified by (RT-) PCR assays. Intestinal parasites were diagnosed by microscopy, stool antigen assays and PCR, and bacteria by culturing methods.\nRESULTS: Watery stools, fever, weakness, and sunken eyes were the most common symptoms in patients (mean age, 10 months). Malaria occurred in 15% and anaemia in 91%; underweight (22%) and wasting (19%) were frequent. Intestinal micro-organisms were isolated from 77% of patients and 53% of controls (P < 0.0001). The most common pathogens in patients were rotavirus (55%), adenovirus (28%) and norovirus (10%); intestinal parasites (5%) and bacteria (5%) were rare. Rotavirus was the only pathogen found significantly more frequently in patients than in controls (odds ratio 7.7; 95%CI, 4.2-14.2), and was associated with young age, fever and watery stools. Patients without an identified cause of diarrhoea more frequently had symptomatic malaria (25%) than those with diagnosed intestinal pathogens (12%, P = 0.02).\nCONCLUSION: Rotavirus-infection is the predominant cause of acute childhood diarrhoea in urban northern Ghana. The abundance of putative enteropathogens among controls may indicate prolonged excretion or limited pathogenicity. In this population with a high burden of diarrhoeal and other diseases, sanitation, health education, and rotavirus-vaccination can be expected to have substantial impact on childhood morbidity.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2334-7-104", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1024946", 
        "issn": [
          "1471-2334"
        ], 
        "name": "BMC Infectious Diseases", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "7"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Acute childhood diarrhoea in northern Ghana: epidemiological, clinical and microbiological characteristics", 
    "pagination": "104", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "b30e737091eb446154e5f0af95dacfe1ff5631206cd07b1194cef0cd670ba972"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "17822541"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "100968551"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1186/1471-2334-7-104"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1037588002"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-7-104", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037588002"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T19:15", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8678_00000550.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1186%2F1471-2334-7-104"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2334-7-104'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2334-7-104'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2334-7-104'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2334-7-104'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

361 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      83 URIs      35 LITERALS      23 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2334-7-104 schema:about N059cb48df3344aba9c8353dfe01fc668
2 N0eb2a6d9fe824190a254c621f247d3dc
3 N2093c8eae4934fbe90ed1e8bb6bf30ac
4 N31c9d80cfffc42ad9f63e992466aaa3a
5 N358006e96890436fbd5f98613ab71a56
6 N4716695aa9d74e4dbf82cd57805746d8
7 N4d25442f2c50478f9c2a7698d6c74106
8 N5d708f32c1ca4e1e8c815ac6c08207cd
9 N6370cf42d9d94e028084f54ad2760072
10 N8e19ee360ec04548ad8f802fd59d5a60
11 Ne11dd1568ac94760bcb567f7a69053f0
12 Ne4a5a5e52aff41a5a4185b34ccdcbe50
13 Nf381848bdf45467185b789dc5f1673e7
14 Nff8c2c70ab5d4ef7be3d80e2bdd1f145
15 anzsrc-for:11
16 anzsrc-for:1108
17 schema:author N86fa73acb8ad426fa5b42bcdda5d5caa
18 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s007050050038
19 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074680278
20 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075290727
21 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077218965
22 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078578039
23 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080725205
24 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081612150
25 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082391481
26 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082866016
27 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082873828
28 https://doi.org/10.1002/1096-9071(200101)63:1<67::aid-jmv1010>3.0.co;2-t
29 https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.10139
30 https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.10449
31 https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.20722
32 https://doi.org/10.1016/0140-6736(91)90945-l
33 https://doi.org/10.1016/0166-6851(93)90077-b
34 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0035-9203(03)80106-2
35 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(04)15599-2
36 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(05)71877-8
37 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(06)68815-6
38 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1360-2276.2003.01141.x
39 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3156.2000.00512.x
40 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3156.2001.00757.x
41 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3156.2003.01097.x
42 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1469-0691.2003.00560.x
43 https://doi.org/10.1053/j.spid.2005.12.008
44 https://doi.org/10.1086/315590
45 https://doi.org/10.1086/504688
46 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcp/103.5.656
47 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2005.01427.x
48 https://doi.org/10.1128/jcm.41.6.2317-2322.2003
49 https://doi.org/10.1128/jcm.41.9.4238-4245.2003
50 https://doi.org/10.1128/jcm.42.12.5745-5750.2004
51 https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.109.5.898
52 https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.109.6.e86
53 https://doi.org/10.3109/00365549009027046
54 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.1994.51.115
55 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2003.69.398
56 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2004.70.536
57 https://doi.org/10.4314/eamj.v80i12.8783
58 schema:datePublished 2007-12
59 schema:datePublishedReg 2007-12-01
60 schema:description BACKGROUND: Acute diarrhoea is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Its microbiological causes and clinico-epidemiological aspects were examined during the dry season 2005/6 in Tamale, urban northern Ghana. METHODS: Stool specimens of 243 children with acute diarrhoea and of 124 control children were collected. Patients were clinically examined, and malaria and anaemia were assessed. Rota-, astro-, noro- and adenoviruses were identified by (RT-) PCR assays. Intestinal parasites were diagnosed by microscopy, stool antigen assays and PCR, and bacteria by culturing methods. RESULTS: Watery stools, fever, weakness, and sunken eyes were the most common symptoms in patients (mean age, 10 months). Malaria occurred in 15% and anaemia in 91%; underweight (22%) and wasting (19%) were frequent. Intestinal micro-organisms were isolated from 77% of patients and 53% of controls (P < 0.0001). The most common pathogens in patients were rotavirus (55%), adenovirus (28%) and norovirus (10%); intestinal parasites (5%) and bacteria (5%) were rare. Rotavirus was the only pathogen found significantly more frequently in patients than in controls (odds ratio 7.7; 95%CI, 4.2-14.2), and was associated with young age, fever and watery stools. Patients without an identified cause of diarrhoea more frequently had symptomatic malaria (25%) than those with diagnosed intestinal pathogens (12%, P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Rotavirus-infection is the predominant cause of acute childhood diarrhoea in urban northern Ghana. The abundance of putative enteropathogens among controls may indicate prolonged excretion or limited pathogenicity. In this population with a high burden of diarrhoeal and other diseases, sanitation, health education, and rotavirus-vaccination can be expected to have substantial impact on childhood morbidity.
61 schema:genre research_article
62 schema:inLanguage en
63 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
64 schema:isPartOf N0be66228f8af4875a2362ad16b6c3595
65 Nf8693f9267644d519adc33f397b0c488
66 sg:journal.1024946
67 schema:name Acute childhood diarrhoea in northern Ghana: epidemiological, clinical and microbiological characteristics
68 schema:pagination 104
69 schema:productId N21e1b3b8f75140a58f41cb68bd10138f
70 N52db069fba7840bdae01a1b2894bb7e2
71 Nbb71dbe6bbe74d5da18c4925bc43759b
72 Nee1e7df32a5343ea863fef5461c4e9e0
73 Nf3cb6f3cf6b14bccaedbc54d9a5949c6
74 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037588002
75 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-7-104
76 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T19:15
77 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
78 schema:sdPublisher Nba5440c4d87d45b2a73801dedac1d7ce
79 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1186%2F1471-2334-7-104
80 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
81 sgo:sdDataset articles
82 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
83 N038165146a6d4a79918ec414c9439702 rdf:first sg:person.01356536734.62
84 rdf:rest Nea6ce2baff5d4b1cbbc370ac36cb7703
85 N059cb48df3344aba9c8353dfe01fc668 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
86 schema:name Ghana
87 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
88 N0b94df3a802b4d2a9ae49935e755924d rdf:first sg:person.0726054163.51
89 rdf:rest N8f87d4d0deeb43e88e24a119fbb7e7fc
90 N0be66228f8af4875a2362ad16b6c3595 schema:volumeNumber 7
91 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
92 N0eb2a6d9fe824190a254c621f247d3dc schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
93 schema:name Anti-Infective Agents
94 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
95 N2093c8eae4934fbe90ed1e8bb6bf30ac schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
96 schema:name Rotavirus Infections
97 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
98 N21e1b3b8f75140a58f41cb68bd10138f schema:name pubmed_id
99 schema:value 17822541
100 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
101 N229c5581c5374b5ab445c9da8cfbc5b8 rdf:first sg:person.0774167363.81
102 rdf:rest Nef85334e611e450d8c27487b3ff0d36f
103 N2ea2aea33b774234964a4f36d1a7ae1b schema:name Northern Region Malaria Project, NORMAP, Tamale, Ghana
104 rdf:type schema:Organization
105 N31c9d80cfffc42ad9f63e992466aaa3a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
106 schema:name Logistic Models
107 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
108 N358006e96890436fbd5f98613ab71a56 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
109 schema:name Rotavirus
110 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
111 N4716695aa9d74e4dbf82cd57805746d8 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
112 schema:name Urban Population
113 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
114 N4d25442f2c50478f9c2a7698d6c74106 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
115 schema:name Infant
116 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
117 N52db069fba7840bdae01a1b2894bb7e2 schema:name doi
118 schema:value 10.1186/1471-2334-7-104
119 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
120 N58479e4cbe5941619efa560092c575ad rdf:first sg:person.01011633334.23
121 rdf:rest rdf:nil
122 N5d708f32c1ca4e1e8c815ac6c08207cd schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
123 schema:name Humans
124 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
125 N6370cf42d9d94e028084f54ad2760072 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
126 schema:name Child
127 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
128 N659b0b72fcaa441497daa4c6503460d1 rdf:first sg:person.0611625563.80
129 rdf:rest N8c00d98a71a54de6beca4e059a2ae9a8
130 N750c1c118e0848fdb7926809eec748a3 rdf:first sg:person.01221003263.06
131 rdf:rest N229c5581c5374b5ab445c9da8cfbc5b8
132 N86fa73acb8ad426fa5b42bcdda5d5caa rdf:first sg:person.0704333534.82
133 rdf:rest Nd1b5fdc1e9434d23abba04d1d0cae877
134 N8c00d98a71a54de6beca4e059a2ae9a8 rdf:first sg:person.0657740763.83
135 rdf:rest N750c1c118e0848fdb7926809eec748a3
136 N8e19ee360ec04548ad8f802fd59d5a60 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
137 schema:name Child, Preschool
138 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
139 N8f87d4d0deeb43e88e24a119fbb7e7fc rdf:first sg:person.01335231663.75
140 rdf:rest N9bd70aea98124fca979995a912660850
141 N91120f949b7840c09fcda38f2d8d583e rdf:first sg:person.01273761516.92
142 rdf:rest N038165146a6d4a79918ec414c9439702
143 N9bd70aea98124fca979995a912660850 rdf:first sg:person.0776731524.39
144 rdf:rest N91120f949b7840c09fcda38f2d8d583e
145 Nab78a56eecbb465f8a8d9c80a241c565 schema:name Northern Region Malaria Project, NORMAP, Tamale, Ghana
146 rdf:type schema:Organization
147 Nba5440c4d87d45b2a73801dedac1d7ce schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
148 rdf:type schema:Organization
149 Nbb71dbe6bbe74d5da18c4925bc43759b schema:name dimensions_id
150 schema:value pub.1037588002
151 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
152 Nd1b5fdc1e9434d23abba04d1d0cae877 rdf:first sg:person.01052356754.66
153 rdf:rest Nfd3d12e28dfb4e528e73619391f15ef0
154 Ne11dd1568ac94760bcb567f7a69053f0 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
155 schema:name Fluid Therapy
156 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
157 Ne4a5a5e52aff41a5a4185b34ccdcbe50 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
158 schema:name Feces
159 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
160 Nea6ce2baff5d4b1cbbc370ac36cb7703 rdf:first sg:person.012152107272.75
161 rdf:rest N58479e4cbe5941619efa560092c575ad
162 Nee1e7df32a5343ea863fef5461c4e9e0 schema:name readcube_id
163 schema:value b30e737091eb446154e5f0af95dacfe1ff5631206cd07b1194cef0cd670ba972
164 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
165 Nef249eaedbf94326966a078c2a0780ec rdf:first sg:person.01272757563.66
166 rdf:rest N659b0b72fcaa441497daa4c6503460d1
167 Nef85334e611e450d8c27487b3ff0d36f rdf:first sg:person.01367431453.83
168 rdf:rest N0b94df3a802b4d2a9ae49935e755924d
169 Nf381848bdf45467185b789dc5f1673e7 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
170 schema:name Surveys and Questionnaires
171 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
172 Nf3cb6f3cf6b14bccaedbc54d9a5949c6 schema:name nlm_unique_id
173 schema:value 100968551
174 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
175 Nf8693f9267644d519adc33f397b0c488 schema:issueNumber 1
176 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
177 Nfd3d12e28dfb4e528e73619391f15ef0 rdf:first sg:person.01302215127.40
178 rdf:rest Nef249eaedbf94326966a078c2a0780ec
179 Nff8c2c70ab5d4ef7be3d80e2bdd1f145 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
180 schema:name Diarrhea
181 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
182 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
183 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
184 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
185 anzsrc-for:1108 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
186 schema:name Medical Microbiology
187 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
188 sg:journal.1024946 schema:issn 1471-2334
189 schema:name BMC Infectious Diseases
190 rdf:type schema:Periodical
191 sg:person.01011633334.23 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6363.0
192 schema:familyName Mockenhaupt
193 schema:givenName Frank P
194 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01011633334.23
195 rdf:type schema:Person
196 sg:person.01052356754.66 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6363.0
197 schema:familyName Ignatius
198 schema:givenName Ralf
199 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01052356754.66
200 rdf:type schema:Person
201 sg:person.012152107272.75 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13652.33
202 schema:familyName Stark
203 schema:givenName Klaus
204 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012152107272.75
205 rdf:type schema:Person
206 sg:person.01221003263.06 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6363.0
207 schema:familyName Djie-Maletz
208 schema:givenName Andrea
209 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01221003263.06
210 rdf:type schema:Person
211 sg:person.01272757563.66 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.415765.4
212 schema:familyName Seidu-Korkor
213 schema:givenName Andrew
214 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01272757563.66
215 rdf:type schema:Person
216 sg:person.01273761516.92 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13652.33
217 schema:familyName Schreier
218 schema:givenName Eckart
219 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01273761516.92
220 rdf:type schema:Person
221 sg:person.01302215127.40 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6363.0
222 schema:familyName Weitzel
223 schema:givenName Thomas
224 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01302215127.40
225 rdf:type schema:Person
226 sg:person.01335231663.75 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.415765.4
227 schema:familyName Danour
228 schema:givenName Stephen
229 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01335231663.75
230 rdf:type schema:Person
231 sg:person.01356536734.62 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6363.0
232 schema:familyName Bienzle
233 schema:givenName Ulrich
234 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01356536734.62
235 rdf:type schema:Person
236 sg:person.01367431453.83 schema:affiliation Nab78a56eecbb465f8a8d9c80a241c565
237 schema:familyName Amoo-Sakyi
238 schema:givenName Felicia
239 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01367431453.83
240 rdf:type schema:Person
241 sg:person.0611625563.80 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442305.4
242 schema:familyName Anyidoho
243 schema:givenName Louis
244 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0611625563.80
245 rdf:type schema:Person
246 sg:person.0657740763.83 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6363.0
247 schema:familyName Saad
248 schema:givenName Eiman
249 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0657740763.83
250 rdf:type schema:Person
251 sg:person.0704333534.82 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5252.0
252 schema:familyName Reither
253 schema:givenName Klaus
254 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0704333534.82
255 rdf:type schema:Person
256 sg:person.0726054163.51 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442305.4
257 schema:familyName Danikuu
258 schema:givenName Francis
259 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0726054163.51
260 rdf:type schema:Person
261 sg:person.0774167363.81 schema:affiliation N2ea2aea33b774234964a4f36d1a7ae1b
262 schema:familyName Ziniel
263 schema:givenName Peter
264 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0774167363.81
265 rdf:type schema:Person
266 sg:person.0776731524.39 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442305.4
267 schema:familyName Otchwemah
268 schema:givenName Rowland N
269 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0776731524.39
270 rdf:type schema:Person
271 sg:pub.10.1007/s007050050038 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041206859
272 https://doi.org/10.1007/s007050050038
273 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
274 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074680278 schema:CreativeWork
275 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075290727 schema:CreativeWork
276 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077218965 schema:CreativeWork
277 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078578039 schema:CreativeWork
278 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080725205 schema:CreativeWork
279 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1081612150 schema:CreativeWork
280 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082391481 schema:CreativeWork
281 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082866016 schema:CreativeWork
282 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082873828 schema:CreativeWork
283 https://doi.org/10.1002/1096-9071(200101)63:1<67::aid-jmv1010>3.0.co;2-t schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012158732
284 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
285 https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.10139 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045153224
286 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
287 https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.10449 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044023186
288 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
289 https://doi.org/10.1002/jmv.20722 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034735466
290 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
291 https://doi.org/10.1016/0140-6736(91)90945-l schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044552839
292 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
293 https://doi.org/10.1016/0166-6851(93)90077-b schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046601485
294 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
295 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0035-9203(03)80106-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043586160
296 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
297 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(04)15599-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022231404
298 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
299 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(05)71877-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043533523
300 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
301 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(06)68815-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027151332
302 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
303 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1360-2276.2003.01141.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045420303
304 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
305 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3156.2000.00512.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000526742
306 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
307 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3156.2001.00757.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004956289
308 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
309 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3156.2003.01097.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015415797
310 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
311 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1469-0691.2003.00560.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013619716
312 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
313 https://doi.org/10.1053/j.spid.2005.12.008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006593737
314 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
315 https://doi.org/10.1086/315590 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037167966
316 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
317 https://doi.org/10.1086/504688 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028644435
318 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
319 https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcp/103.5.656 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017325000
320 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
321 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2005.01427.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009276418
322 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
323 https://doi.org/10.1128/jcm.41.6.2317-2322.2003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043370806
324 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
325 https://doi.org/10.1128/jcm.41.9.4238-4245.2003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024431452
326 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
327 https://doi.org/10.1128/jcm.42.12.5745-5750.2004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031026641
328 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
329 https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.109.5.898 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067821519
330 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
331 https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.109.6.e86 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002438637
332 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
333 https://doi.org/10.3109/00365549009027046 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042902664
334 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
335 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.1994.51.115 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082631797
336 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
337 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2003.69.398 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076603855
338 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
339 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2004.70.536 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076842706
340 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
341 https://doi.org/10.4314/eamj.v80i12.8783 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012863000
342 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
343 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13652.33 schema:alternateName Robert Koch Institute
344 schema:name Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, Germany
345 rdf:type schema:Organization
346 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.415765.4 schema:alternateName Ministry of Health
347 schema:name Regional Health Administration, Ministry of Health, Tamale, Ghana
348 rdf:type schema:Organization
349 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442305.4 schema:alternateName University for Development Studies
350 schema:name School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana
351 rdf:type schema:Organization
352 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5252.0 schema:alternateName Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
353 schema:name Department of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, University of Munich, Munich, Germany
354 Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charité – University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany
355 Northern Region Malaria Project, NORMAP, Tamale, Ghana
356 rdf:type schema:Organization
357 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6363.0 schema:alternateName Charité
358 schema:name Institute of Microbiology and Hygiene, Charité – University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany
359 Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charité – University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany
360 Northern Region Malaria Project, NORMAP, Tamale, Ghana
361 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...