Human papillomavirus infection in Bhutan at the moment of implementation of a national HPV vaccination programme View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2014-07-22

AUTHORS

Ugyen Tshomo, Silvia Franceschi, Dorji Dorji, Iacopo Baussano, Vanessa Tenet, Peter JF Snijders, Chris JLM Meijer, Maaike CG Bleeker, Tarik Gheit, Massimo Tommasino, Gary M Clifford

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the most common female cancer in Bhutan, the first low/middle-income country to implement a national human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programme. METHODS: To provide a robust baseline for future evaluations of vaccine effectiveness, cervical cell specimens were obtained from 2,505 women aged 18-69 years from the general population, and biopsies from 211 cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 (CIN3) and 112 invasive cervical cancer (ICC) cases. Samples were tested for HPV using GP5+/6+ PCR. RESULTS: Among the general population, HPV prevalence was 26%, being highest (33%) in women ≤24 years, but remaining above 15% in all age-groups. Determinants of HPV included age, marital status, and number of sexual partners. Among the eight percent with cytological abnormalities, 24 CIN3 and 4 ICC were histologically confirmed. Even after additional testing with a sensitive E7 PCR, no infections with vaccine-targeted HPV types were detected in the few vaccinated women (n = 34) compared to 6% prevalence in unvaccinated women of similar age (p = 0 · 215). CONCLUSION: Based upon type-specific prevalence among biopsies, at least 70% of ICC in Bhutan are theoretically preventable by HPV16/18 vaccination, but screening programmes should be expanded among older women, who have an important underlying burden of CIN3 and ICC. More... »

PAGES

408-408

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2334-14-408

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-14-408

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016326600

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25047665


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