A comparative examination of tuberculosis immigration medical screening programs from selected countries with high immigration and low tuberculosis incidence rates View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2011-12

AUTHORS

Gonzalo G Alvarez, Brian Gushulak, Khaled Abu Rumman, Ekkehardt Altpeter, Daniel Chemtob, Paul Douglas, Connie Erkens, Peter Helbling, Ingrid Hamilton, Jane Jones, Alberto Matteelli, Marie-Claire Paty, Drew L Posey, Daniel Sagebiel, Erika Slump, Anders Tegnell, Elena Rodríguez Valín, Brita Askeland Winje, Edward Ellis

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) in migrants is an ongoing challenge in several low TB incidence countries since a large proportion of TB in these countries occurs in migrants from high incidence countries. To meet these challenges, several countries utilize TB screening programs. The programs attempt to identify and treat those with active and/or infectious stages of the disease. In addition, screening is used to identify and manage those with latent or inactive disease after arrival. Between nations, considerable variation exists in the methods used in migration-associated TB screening. The present study aimed to compare the TB immigration medical examination requirements in selected countries of high immigration and low TB incidence rates. METHODS: Descriptive study of immigration TB screening programs. RESULTS: 16 out of 18 eligible countries responded to the written standardized survey and phone interview. Comparisons in specific areas of TB immigration screening programs included authorities responsible for TB screening, the primary objectives of the TB screening program, the yield of detection of active TB disease, screening details and aspects of follow up for inactive pulmonary TB. No two countries had the same approach to TB screening among migrants. Important differences, common practices, common problems, evidence or lack of evidence for program specifics were noted. CONCLUSIONS: In spite of common goals, there is great diversity in the processes and practices designed to mitigate the impact of migration-associated TB among nations that screen migrants for the disease. The long-term goal in decreasing migration-related introduction of TB from high to low incidence countries remains diminishing the prevalence of the disease in those high incidence locations. In the meantime, existing or planned migration screening programs for TB can be made more efficient and evidenced based. Cooperation among countries doing research in the areas outlined in this study should facilitate the development of improved screening programs. More... »

PAGES

3

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2334-11-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-11-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051182952

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21205318


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