Improving rigid fiberoptic intubation: a comparison of the Bonfils Intubating Fiberscope™ with a novel modification View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2010-12

AUTHORS

Ben H Boedeker, Mary A Barak-Bernhagen, David J Miller, Thomas A Nicholas, Andrew Linnaus, WB Murray

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The Bonfils intubating fiberscope has a limited upward tip angle of 40 degrees and requires retromolar entry into the hypopharynx. These factors may make its use less desirable when managing the difficult airway because most anesthesia providers are well versed in midline oral intubation rather than the lateral retromolar approach. The Center for Advanced Technology and Telemedicine at the University of Nebraska Medical Center has developed a novel fiberscope with a more anterior 60 degrees curve to allow for easier midline insertion and intubation. The objective of this work was to evaluate the novel fiberscope, in comparison to the Bonfils intubating fiberscope, in terms of use and function in difficult airway intubation. METHODS: Twenty-two anesthesia providers participated in simulated intubations of a difficult airway mannequin to compare the Bonfils intubating fiberscope with the novel curved Boedeker intubating fiberscope. The intubations were assessed based upon the following variables: recorded Cormack Lehane airway scores, requests for cricoid pressure, time to intubation, number of intubation attempts and success or failure of the procedure. RESULTS: Participants using the Bonfils fiberscope recorded an average Cormack Lehane (CL) airway score of 1.67 +/- 1.02 (median = 1); with the novel fiberscope, the recorded average airway grade improved to 1.18 +/- 0.50 (median = 1). The difference in airway scores was not statistically significant (p = 0.34; Fishers Exact Test comparing CL grades 1&2 vs. 3&4). There was, however, a statistically significant difference in intubation success rates between the two devices. With the Bonfils fiberscope, 68% (15/22) of participants were successful in intubation compared to a 100% success rate in intubation with the novel fiberscope (22/22) (p = 0.008). After the intubation trial, the majority of participants (95%) indicated a preference for the novel fiberscope (n = 20). CONCLUSIONS: With this data, we can infer that the novel fiberscope curvature appears to improve or maintain the quality of an intubation attempt (airway score, cricoid pressure requirement, intubation time, number of attempts, placement success). The data indicate that the novel fiberscope offers a superior intubation experience to currently available best practices. The instrument was well received and would be welcomed by most study participants should the device become clinically available in the future. More... »

PAGES

11

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-227x-10-11

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-227x-10-11

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034233171

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20507596


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1102", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Airway Obstruction", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Equipment Design", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Fiber Optic Technology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Intubation, Intratracheal", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Manikins", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Omaha VA Medical Center", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413785.c", 
          "name": [
            "University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA", 
            "Omaha VA Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Boedeker", 
        "givenName": "Ben H", 
        "id": "sg:person.0712006036.85", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0712006036.85"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Omaha VA Medical Center", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413785.c", 
          "name": [
            "University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA", 
            "Omaha VA Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Barak-Bernhagen", 
        "givenName": "Mary A", 
        "id": "sg:person.01221632757.16", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01221632757.16"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Nebraska Medical Center", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266813.8", 
          "name": [
            "University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Miller", 
        "givenName": "David J", 
        "id": "sg:person.01011165435.89", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01011165435.89"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Nebraska Medical Center", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266813.8", 
          "name": [
            "University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nicholas", 
        "givenName": "Thomas A", 
        "id": "sg:person.01015640657.68", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01015640657.68"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Nebraska Medical Center", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266813.8", 
          "name": [
            "University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Linnaus", 
        "givenName": "Andrew", 
        "id": "sg:person.01124432507.14", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01124432507.14"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.240473.6", 
          "name": [
            "Clinical Simulation Center, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Murray", 
        "givenName": "WB", 
        "id": "sg:person.01142553436.45", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01142553436.45"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.mej.0000195680.08533.57", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006613556"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.mej.0000195680.08533.57", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006613556"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3357/asem.2492.2009", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007492903"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf03021507", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015096348", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf03021507"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf03021507", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015096348", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf03021507"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2044.2003.03407.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022117616"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2044.2004.03778.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031540903"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/eja.0b013e328328f572", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035809303"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/eja.0b013e328328f572", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035809303"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/eja.0b013e328328f572", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035809303"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1213/ane.0b013e318167cc7c", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043288868"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1213/ane.0b013e318167cc7c", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043288868"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2044.2004.03967.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047368527"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2010-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2010-12-01", 
    "description": "BACKGROUND: The Bonfils intubating fiberscope has a limited upward tip angle of 40 degrees and requires retromolar entry into the hypopharynx. These factors may make its use less desirable when managing the difficult airway because most anesthesia providers are well versed in midline oral intubation rather than the lateral retromolar approach. The Center for Advanced Technology and Telemedicine at the University of Nebraska Medical Center has developed a novel fiberscope with a more anterior 60 degrees curve to allow for easier midline insertion and intubation. The objective of this work was to evaluate the novel fiberscope, in comparison to the Bonfils intubating fiberscope, in terms of use and function in difficult airway intubation.\nMETHODS: Twenty-two anesthesia providers participated in simulated intubations of a difficult airway mannequin to compare the Bonfils intubating fiberscope with the novel curved Boedeker intubating fiberscope. The intubations were assessed based upon the following variables: recorded Cormack Lehane airway scores, requests for cricoid pressure, time to intubation, number of intubation attempts and success or failure of the procedure.\nRESULTS: Participants using the Bonfils fiberscope recorded an average Cormack Lehane (CL) airway score of 1.67 +/- 1.02 (median = 1); with the novel fiberscope, the recorded average airway grade improved to 1.18 +/- 0.50 (median = 1). The difference in airway scores was not statistically significant (p = 0.34; Fishers Exact Test comparing CL grades 1&2 vs. 3&4). There was, however, a statistically significant difference in intubation success rates between the two devices. With the Bonfils fiberscope, 68% (15/22) of participants were successful in intubation compared to a 100% success rate in intubation with the novel fiberscope (22/22) (p = 0.008). After the intubation trial, the majority of participants (95%) indicated a preference for the novel fiberscope (n = 20).\nCONCLUSIONS: With this data, we can infer that the novel fiberscope curvature appears to improve or maintain the quality of an intubation attempt (airway score, cricoid pressure requirement, intubation time, number of attempts, placement success). The data indicate that the novel fiberscope offers a superior intubation experience to currently available best practices. The instrument was well received and would be welcomed by most study participants should the device become clinically available in the future.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-227x-10-11", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1024938", 
        "issn": [
          "1471-227X"
        ], 
        "name": "BMC Emergency Medicine", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "10"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Improving rigid fiberoptic intubation: a comparison of the Bonfils Intubating Fiberscope\u2122 with a novel modification", 
    "pagination": "11", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "a312c7697346ae4313b6701aea39668cebfcfd95d2740610ab320cd37709bc8c"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "20507596"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "100968543"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1186/1471-227x-10-11"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1034233171"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-227x-10-11", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034233171"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T14:03", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8660_00000489.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1186/1471-227X-10-11"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-227x-10-11'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-227x-10-11'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-227x-10-11'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-227x-10-11'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

155 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      42 URIs      26 LITERALS      14 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-227x-10-11 schema:about N2bf527bacf314c4794b51c005378e579
2 N7cb135ecfff141c2ab8282c0fb47ca5c
3 Na2aef312d6ad44ddaff74c32079a30bd
4 Ne9d73be3aa4a4fb086d060a605b61944
5 Nfef01055419a4038a8a9210b119fb2d1
6 anzsrc-for:11
7 anzsrc-for:1102
8 schema:author N769e06e8f5e64565bcc4ba3921b40910
9 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf03021507
10 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2044.2003.03407.x
11 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.mej.0000195680.08533.57
12 https://doi.org/10.1097/eja.0b013e328328f572
13 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2044.2004.03778.x
14 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2044.2004.03967.x
15 https://doi.org/10.1213/ane.0b013e318167cc7c
16 https://doi.org/10.3357/asem.2492.2009
17 schema:datePublished 2010-12
18 schema:datePublishedReg 2010-12-01
19 schema:description BACKGROUND: The Bonfils intubating fiberscope has a limited upward tip angle of 40 degrees and requires retromolar entry into the hypopharynx. These factors may make its use less desirable when managing the difficult airway because most anesthesia providers are well versed in midline oral intubation rather than the lateral retromolar approach. The Center for Advanced Technology and Telemedicine at the University of Nebraska Medical Center has developed a novel fiberscope with a more anterior 60 degrees curve to allow for easier midline insertion and intubation. The objective of this work was to evaluate the novel fiberscope, in comparison to the Bonfils intubating fiberscope, in terms of use and function in difficult airway intubation. METHODS: Twenty-two anesthesia providers participated in simulated intubations of a difficult airway mannequin to compare the Bonfils intubating fiberscope with the novel curved Boedeker intubating fiberscope. The intubations were assessed based upon the following variables: recorded Cormack Lehane airway scores, requests for cricoid pressure, time to intubation, number of intubation attempts and success or failure of the procedure. RESULTS: Participants using the Bonfils fiberscope recorded an average Cormack Lehane (CL) airway score of 1.67 +/- 1.02 (median = 1); with the novel fiberscope, the recorded average airway grade improved to 1.18 +/- 0.50 (median = 1). The difference in airway scores was not statistically significant (p = 0.34; Fishers Exact Test comparing CL grades 1&2 vs. 3&4). There was, however, a statistically significant difference in intubation success rates between the two devices. With the Bonfils fiberscope, 68% (15/22) of participants were successful in intubation compared to a 100% success rate in intubation with the novel fiberscope (22/22) (p = 0.008). After the intubation trial, the majority of participants (95%) indicated a preference for the novel fiberscope (n = 20). CONCLUSIONS: With this data, we can infer that the novel fiberscope curvature appears to improve or maintain the quality of an intubation attempt (airway score, cricoid pressure requirement, intubation time, number of attempts, placement success). The data indicate that the novel fiberscope offers a superior intubation experience to currently available best practices. The instrument was well received and would be welcomed by most study participants should the device become clinically available in the future.
20 schema:genre research_article
21 schema:inLanguage en
22 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
23 schema:isPartOf N4be47d16cc8346fb88bda3e0b31b39d0
24 N5d33b2294f074e349f29ff3605b43e76
25 sg:journal.1024938
26 schema:name Improving rigid fiberoptic intubation: a comparison of the Bonfils Intubating Fiberscope™ with a novel modification
27 schema:pagination 11
28 schema:productId N07f61356b5a9443a91f83d96d0413288
29 N15a01ec6e08942fe8ea53c35df4d7d75
30 N66221f07c8bc42f0a4d9827863e366f2
31 Na644256ed2f54cce9409d91c0799a6a6
32 Nc58db3d240dc4a96ba645b4acc02a6b6
33 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034233171
34 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-227x-10-11
35 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T14:03
36 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
37 schema:sdPublisher Nb49674a287e94ddda312878352ef563d
38 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1186/1471-227X-10-11
39 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
40 sgo:sdDataset articles
41 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
42 N07f61356b5a9443a91f83d96d0413288 schema:name dimensions_id
43 schema:value pub.1034233171
44 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
45 N12c1e0ee4bf34bdd8f85b171358e46fc rdf:first sg:person.01142553436.45
46 rdf:rest rdf:nil
47 N15a01ec6e08942fe8ea53c35df4d7d75 schema:name readcube_id
48 schema:value a312c7697346ae4313b6701aea39668cebfcfd95d2740610ab320cd37709bc8c
49 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
50 N2b1f9c4702d6461e8d6ecdfb8567daf1 rdf:first sg:person.01011165435.89
51 rdf:rest N40689782e9704ceab26fce736cedbdf4
52 N2bf527bacf314c4794b51c005378e579 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
53 schema:name Fiber Optic Technology
54 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
55 N3f339e7f8aee4a398469b0f68f86dccf rdf:first sg:person.01124432507.14
56 rdf:rest N12c1e0ee4bf34bdd8f85b171358e46fc
57 N40689782e9704ceab26fce736cedbdf4 rdf:first sg:person.01015640657.68
58 rdf:rest N3f339e7f8aee4a398469b0f68f86dccf
59 N4be47d16cc8346fb88bda3e0b31b39d0 schema:volumeNumber 10
60 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
61 N5d33b2294f074e349f29ff3605b43e76 schema:issueNumber 1
62 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
63 N66221f07c8bc42f0a4d9827863e366f2 schema:name doi
64 schema:value 10.1186/1471-227x-10-11
65 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
66 N73bb4043b6aa49578ce2261a35911b47 rdf:first sg:person.01221632757.16
67 rdf:rest N2b1f9c4702d6461e8d6ecdfb8567daf1
68 N769e06e8f5e64565bcc4ba3921b40910 rdf:first sg:person.0712006036.85
69 rdf:rest N73bb4043b6aa49578ce2261a35911b47
70 N7cb135ecfff141c2ab8282c0fb47ca5c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
71 schema:name Airway Obstruction
72 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
73 Na2aef312d6ad44ddaff74c32079a30bd schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
74 schema:name Manikins
75 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
76 Na644256ed2f54cce9409d91c0799a6a6 schema:name pubmed_id
77 schema:value 20507596
78 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
79 Nb49674a287e94ddda312878352ef563d schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
80 rdf:type schema:Organization
81 Nc58db3d240dc4a96ba645b4acc02a6b6 schema:name nlm_unique_id
82 schema:value 100968543
83 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
84 Ne9d73be3aa4a4fb086d060a605b61944 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
85 schema:name Equipment Design
86 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
87 Nfef01055419a4038a8a9210b119fb2d1 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
88 schema:name Intubation, Intratracheal
89 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
90 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
91 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
92 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
93 anzsrc-for:1102 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
94 schema:name Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
95 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
96 sg:journal.1024938 schema:issn 1471-227X
97 schema:name BMC Emergency Medicine
98 rdf:type schema:Periodical
99 sg:person.01011165435.89 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266813.8
100 schema:familyName Miller
101 schema:givenName David J
102 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01011165435.89
103 rdf:type schema:Person
104 sg:person.01015640657.68 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266813.8
105 schema:familyName Nicholas
106 schema:givenName Thomas A
107 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01015640657.68
108 rdf:type schema:Person
109 sg:person.01124432507.14 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266813.8
110 schema:familyName Linnaus
111 schema:givenName Andrew
112 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01124432507.14
113 rdf:type schema:Person
114 sg:person.01142553436.45 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.240473.6
115 schema:familyName Murray
116 schema:givenName WB
117 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01142553436.45
118 rdf:type schema:Person
119 sg:person.01221632757.16 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413785.c
120 schema:familyName Barak-Bernhagen
121 schema:givenName Mary A
122 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01221632757.16
123 rdf:type schema:Person
124 sg:person.0712006036.85 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413785.c
125 schema:familyName Boedeker
126 schema:givenName Ben H
127 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0712006036.85
128 rdf:type schema:Person
129 sg:pub.10.1007/bf03021507 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015096348
130 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf03021507
131 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
132 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2044.2003.03407.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022117616
133 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
134 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.mej.0000195680.08533.57 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006613556
135 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
136 https://doi.org/10.1097/eja.0b013e328328f572 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035809303
137 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
138 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2044.2004.03778.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031540903
139 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
140 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2044.2004.03967.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047368527
141 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
142 https://doi.org/10.1213/ane.0b013e318167cc7c schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043288868
143 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
144 https://doi.org/10.3357/asem.2492.2009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007492903
145 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
146 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.240473.6 schema:alternateName Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
147 schema:name Clinical Simulation Center, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, USA
148 rdf:type schema:Organization
149 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266813.8 schema:alternateName University of Nebraska Medical Center
150 schema:name University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA
151 rdf:type schema:Organization
152 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413785.c schema:alternateName Omaha VA Medical Center
153 schema:name Omaha VA Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA
154 University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA
155 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...