The effect of a concurrent cognitive task on cortical potentials evoked by unpredictable balance perturbations View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2004-12

AUTHORS

Sylvia Quant, Allan L Adkin, W Richard Staines, Brian E Maki, William E McIlroy

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although previous studies suggest that postural control requires attention and other cognitive resources, the central mechanisms responsible for this relationship remain unclear. To address this issue, we examined the effects of altered attention on cortical activity and postural responses following mechanical perturbations to upright stance. We hypothesized that cortical activity would be attenuated but not delayed when mechanical perturbations were applied during a concurrent performance of a cognitive task (i.e. when attention was directed away from the perturbation). We also hypothesized that these cortical changes would be accompanied by alterations in the postural response, as evidenced by increases in the magnitude of anteroposterior (AP) centre of pressure (COP) peak displacements and tibialis anterior (TA) muscle activity. Healthy young adults (n = 7) were instructed to continuously track (cognitive task) or not track (control task) a randomly moving visual target using a hand-held joystick. During each of these conditions, unpredictable translations of a moving floor evoked cortical and postural responses. Scalp-recorded cortical activity, COP, and TA electromyographic (EMG) measures were collected. RESULTS: Results revealed a significant decrease in the magnitude of early cortical activity (the N1 response, the first negative peak after perturbation onset) during the tracking task compared to the control condition. More pronounced AP COP peak displacements and EMG magnitudes were also observed for the tracking task and were possibly related to changes in the N1 response. CONCLUSION: Based on previous notions that the N1 response represents sensory processing of the balance disturbance, we suggest that the attenuation of the N1 response is an important central mechanism that may provide insight into the relationship between attention and postural control. More... »

PAGES

18

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2202-5-18

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2202-5-18

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014394531

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15147586


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    "description": "BACKGROUND: Although previous studies suggest that postural control requires attention and other cognitive resources, the central mechanisms responsible for this relationship remain unclear. To address this issue, we examined the effects of altered attention on cortical activity and postural responses following mechanical perturbations to upright stance. We hypothesized that cortical activity would be attenuated but not delayed when mechanical perturbations were applied during a concurrent performance of a cognitive task (i.e. when attention was directed away from the perturbation). We also hypothesized that these cortical changes would be accompanied by alterations in the postural response, as evidenced by increases in the magnitude of anteroposterior (AP) centre of pressure (COP) peak displacements and tibialis anterior (TA) muscle activity. Healthy young adults (n = 7) were instructed to continuously track (cognitive task) or not track (control task) a randomly moving visual target using a hand-held joystick. During each of these conditions, unpredictable translations of a moving floor evoked cortical and postural responses. Scalp-recorded cortical activity, COP, and TA electromyographic (EMG) measures were collected.\nRESULTS: Results revealed a significant decrease in the magnitude of early cortical activity (the N1 response, the first negative peak after perturbation onset) during the tracking task compared to the control condition. More pronounced AP COP peak displacements and EMG magnitudes were also observed for the tracking task and were possibly related to changes in the N1 response.\nCONCLUSION: Based on previous notions that the N1 response represents sensory processing of the balance disturbance, we suggest that the attenuation of the N1 response is an important central mechanism that may provide insight into the relationship between attention and postural control.", 
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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2202-5-18'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2202-5-18'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2202-5-18'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2202-5-18'


 

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296 rdf:type schema:Organization
297 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411793.9 schema:alternateName Brock University
298 schema:name Department of Physical Education and Kinesiology, Brock University, St. Catherine's, Canada
299 rdf:type schema:Organization
300 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.413104.3 schema:alternateName Sunnybrook Health Science Centre
301 schema:name Centre for Studies in Aging, Sunnybrook & Women's College Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Canada
302 Department of Medicine (Neurology), University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
303 Department of Physical Therapy, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
304 Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
305 Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
306 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




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