Serum repressing efflux pump CDR1 in Candida albicans View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2006-07-13

AUTHORS

Yun-Liang Yang, Yi-Hsuan Lin, Ming-Yang Tsao, Chia-Geun Chen, Hsin-I Shih, Jen-Chung Fan, Jang-Shiun Wang, Hsiu-Jung Lo

ABSTRACT

BackgroundIn the past decades, the prevalence of candidemia has increased significantly and drug resistance has also become a pressing problem. Overexpression of CDR1, an efflux pump, has been proposed as a major mechanism contributing to the drug resistance in Candida albicans. It has been demonstrated that biological fluids such as human serum can have profound effects on antifungal pharmacodynamics. The aim of this study is to understand the effects of serum in drug susceptibility via monitoring the activity of CDR1 promoter of C. albicans.ResultsThe wild-type C. albicans cells (SC5314) but not the cdr1/cdr1 mutant cells became more susceptible to the antifungal drug when the medium contained serum. To understand the regulation of CDR1 in the presence of serum, we have constructed CDR1 promoter-Renilla luciferase (CDR1p-RLUC) reporter to monitor the activity of the CDR1 promoter in C. albicans. As expected, the expression of CDR1p-RLUC was induced by miconazole. Surprisingly, it was repressed by serum. Consistently, the level of CDR1 mRNA was also reduced in the presence of serum but not N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, a known inducer for germ tube formation.ConclusionOur finding that the expression of CDR1 is repressed by serum raises the question as to how does CDR1 contribute to the drug resistance in C. albicans causing candidemia. This also suggests that it is important to re-assess the prediction of in vivo therapeutic outcome of candidemia based on the results of standard in vitro antifungal susceptibility testing, conducted in the absence of serum. More... »

PAGES

22

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2199-7-22

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2199-7-22

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045398939

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16839415


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