Prevalence and characterization of Salmonella enterica from the feces of cattle, poultry, swine and hedgehogs in Burkina Faso and their ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2013-11-11

AUTHORS

Assèta Kagambèga, Taru Lienemann, Laura Aulu, Alfred S Traoré, Nicolas Barro, Anja Siitonen, Kaisa Haukka

ABSTRACT

BackgroundProduction and wild animals are major sources of human salmonellosis and animals raised for food also play an important role in transmission of antimicrobial resistant Salmonella strains to humans. Furthermore, in sub-Saharan Africa non-typhoidal Salmonella serotypes are common bloodstream isolates in febrile patients. Yet, little is known about the environmental reservoirs and predominant modes of transmission of these pathogens. The purpose of this study was to discover potential sources and distribution vehicles of Salmonella by isolating strains from apparently healthy slaughtered food animals and wild hedgehogs and by determining the genetic relatedness between the strains and human isolates. For this purpose, 729 feces samples from apparently healthy slaughtered cattle (n = 304), poultry (n = 350), swine (n = 50) and hedgehogs (n = 25) were examined for the presence of Salmonella enterica in Burkina Faso. The isolates were characterized by serotyping, antimicrobial-susceptibility testing, phage typing, and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) with XbaI and BlnI restriction enzymes.ResultsOf the 729 feces samples, 383 (53%) contained Salmonella, representing a total of 81 different serotypes. Salmonella was present in 52% of the cattle, 55% of the poultry, 16% of the swine and 96% of the hedgehog feces samples. Antimicrobial resistance was detected in 14% of the isolates. S. Typhimurium isolates from poultry and humans (obtained from a previous study) were multiresistant to the same antimicrobials (ampicillin, chloramphenicol, streptomycin, sulfonamides and trimethoprim), had the same phage type DT 56 and were closely related in PFGE. S. Muenster isolates from hedgehogs had similar PFGE patterns as the domestic animals.ConclusionsBased on our results it seems that production and wild animals can share the same Salmonella serotypes and potentially transmit some of them to humans. As the humans and animals often live in close vicinity in Africa and the hygiene control of the meat retail chain is defective, high Salmonella carriage rates of the animals can pose a major public health risk in Burkina Faso. This underlines the necessity for a joint and coordinated surveillance and monitoring programs for salmonellosis in Africa. More... »

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253

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URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2180-13-253

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2180-13-253

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020325587

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24215206


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37 Burkina Faso
38 Faso
39 Muenster
40 PFGE patterns
41 ResultsOf
42 S. Muenster
43 S. typhimurium
44 Salmonella
45 Salmonella enterica
46 Salmonella serotypes
47 Salmonellaisolates
48 XbaI
49 animals
50 antimicrobial resistance
51 antimicrobial susceptibility testing
52 antimicrobial-resistant Salmonella
53 antimicrobials
54 bloodstream isolates
55 carriage rate
56 cattle
57 chain
58 characterization
59 close vicinity
60 common bloodstream isolates
61 comparison
62 control
63 coordinated surveillance
64 different serotypes
65 distribution vehicles
66 domestic animals
67 electrophoresis
68 enterica
69 environmental reservoirs
70 enzyme
71 febrile patients
72 feces
73 feces of cattle
74 feces samples
75 food
76 food animals
77 gel electrophoresis
78 genetic relatedness
79 health risks
80 hedgehog
81 human isolates
82 human salmonellosis
83 humans
84 hygiene control
85 important role
86 isolates
87 major public health risk
88 major source
89 mode
90 monitoring program
91 necessity
92 non-typhoidal Salmonella serotypes
93 pathogens
94 patients
95 patterns
96 phage typing
97 potential source
98 poultry
99 predominant mode
100 presence
101 prevalence
102 production
103 program
104 public health risk
105 pulsed-field gel electrophoresis
106 purpose
107 rate
108 relatedness
109 reservoir
110 resistance
111 resistant Salmonella
112 restriction enzymes
113 results
114 retail chains
115 risk
116 role
117 salmonellosis
118 same Salmonella serotypes
119 same antimicrobials
120 samples
121 serotypes
122 similar PFGE patterns
123 source
124 strains
125 study
126 surveillance
127 swine
128 testing
129 total
130 transmission
131 typhimurium
132 typing
133 vehicles
134 vicinity
135 wild animals
136 wild hedgehogs
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