Genome sequencing and comparative genomics of honey bee microsporidia, Nosema apis reveal novel insights into host-parasite interactions View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-12

AUTHORS

Yan ping Chen, Jeffery S Pettis, Yan Zhao, Xinyue Liu, Luke J Tallon, Lisa D Sadzewicz, Renhua Li, Huoqing Zheng, Shaokang Huang, Xuan Zhang, Michele C Hamilton, Stephen F Pernal, Andony P Melathopoulos, Xianghe Yan, Jay D Evans

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The microsporidia parasite Nosema contributes to the steep global decline of honey bees that are critical pollinators of food crops. There are two species of Nosema that have been found to infect honey bees, Nosema apis and N. ceranae. Genome sequencing of N. apis and comparative genome analysis with N. ceranae, a fully sequenced microsporidia species, reveal novel insights into host-parasite interactions underlying the parasite infections. RESULTS: We applied the whole-genome shotgun sequencing approach to sequence and assemble the genome of N. apis which has an estimated size of 8.5 Mbp. We predicted 2,771 protein- coding genes and predicted the function of each putative protein using the Gene Ontology. The comparative genomic analysis led to identification of 1,356 orthologs that are conserved between the two Nosema species and genes that are unique characteristics of the individual species, thereby providing a list of virulence factors and new genetic tools for studying host-parasite interactions. We also identified a highly abundant motif in the upstream promoter regions of N. apis genes. This motif is also conserved in N. ceranae and other microsporidia species and likely plays a role in gene regulation across the microsporidia. CONCLUSIONS: The availability of the N. apis genome sequence is a significant addition to the rapidly expanding body of microsprodian genomic data which has been improving our understanding of eukaryotic genome diversity and evolution in a broad sense. The predicted virulent genes and transcriptional regulatory elements are potential targets for innovative therapeutics to break down the life cycle of the parasite. More... »

PAGES

451

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2002-08. A mitochondrial remnant in the microsporidian Trachipleistophora hominis in NATURE
  • 2012-01. Annotation of microsporidian genomes using transcriptional signals in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • 2012-12. Phylogenomics supports microsporidia as the earliest diverging clade of sequenced fungi in BMC BIOLOGY
  • 2010-05. Nosema ceranae, a newly identified pathogen of Apis mellifera in the USA and Asia in APIDOLOGIE
  • 2006-10. Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny in NATURE
  • 2010-09. The complete sequence of the smallest known nuclear genome from the microsporidian Encephalitozoon intestinalis in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • 2012-12. Parasite-insecticide interactions: a case study of Nosema ceranae and fipronil synergy on honeybee in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 2012-02. Pesticide exposure in honey bees results in increased levels of the gut pathogen Nosema in THE SCIENCE OF NATURE
  • 2007-01. A Nosema ceranae isolate from the honeybee Apis mellifera in APIDOLOGIE
  • 1995. Comparison of the responses of some New Zealand and Australian honey bees (Apis mellifera L) to Nosema apis Z in APIDOLOGIE
  • 2007-11. Nosema ceranae has infected Apis mellifera in Europe since at least 1998 and may be more virulent than Nosema apis in APIDOLOGIE
  • 2010-05. Nosema ceranae in Europe: an emergent type C nosemosis in APIDOLOGIE
  • 2001-11. Genome sequence and gene compaction of the eukaryote parasite Encephalitozoon cuniculi in NATURE
  • 1987-03. Ribosomal RNA sequence suggests microsporidia are extremely ancient eukaryotes in NATURE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2164-14-451

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-14-451

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035137741

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23829473


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0604", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Genetics", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Biological Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Animals", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Bees", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Conserved Sequence", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Fungal Proteins", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Genomics", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Host-Pathogen Interactions", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Insect Proteins", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Molecular Sequence Annotation", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Nosema", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Sequence Analysis, DNA", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Species Specificity", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Agricultural Research Service", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463419.d", 
              "name": [
                "USDA-ARS Bee Research Laboratory, Building 476 BARC-East, 20705, Beltsville, MD, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Chen", 
            "givenName": "Yan ping", 
            "id": "sg:person.01272426772.29", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01272426772.29"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Agricultural Research Service", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463419.d", 
              "name": [
                "USDA-ARS Bee Research Laboratory, Building 476 BARC-East, 20705, Beltsville, MD, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Pettis", 
            "givenName": "Jeffery S", 
            "id": "sg:person.0733621026.53", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0733621026.53"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Agricultural Research Service", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463419.d", 
              "name": [
                "USDA-ARS Molecular Plant Pathology Laboratory, 20705, Beltsville, MD, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zhao", 
            "givenName": "Yan", 
            "id": "sg:person.01064110232.82", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01064110232.82"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Maryland, Baltimore", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411024.2", 
              "name": [
                "The Institute for Genome Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 21202, Baltimore, MD, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Liu", 
            "givenName": "Xinyue", 
            "id": "sg:person.01245763413.05", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01245763413.05"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Maryland, Baltimore", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411024.2", 
              "name": [
                "The Institute for Genome Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 21202, Baltimore, MD, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Tallon", 
            "givenName": "Luke J", 
            "id": "sg:person.0603353233.04", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0603353233.04"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Maryland, Baltimore", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411024.2", 
              "name": [
                "The Institute for Genome Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 21202, Baltimore, MD, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Sadzewicz", 
            "givenName": "Lisa D", 
            "id": "sg:person.0651466433.02", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0651466433.02"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Windber Research Institute", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.430964.c", 
              "name": [
                "Windber Research Institute, 620 7th Street, 15963, Windber, PA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Li", 
            "givenName": "Renhua", 
            "id": "sg:person.0776441404.79", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0776441404.79"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Zhejiang University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13402.34", 
              "name": [
                "College of Animal Sciences, Zhejiang University, 310058, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, P.R. China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zheng", 
            "givenName": "Huoqing", 
            "id": "sg:person.01105523645.49", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01105523645.49"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.256111.0", 
              "name": [
                "College of Bee Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, 350002, Fuzhou, Fujian, P.R. China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Huang", 
            "givenName": "Shaokang", 
            "id": "sg:person.01346205151.48", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01346205151.48"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Eastern Bee Research Institute of Yunnan Agriculture University, 650201, Kunming, Yunnan, P.R. China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zhang", 
            "givenName": "Xuan", 
            "id": "sg:person.0673322430.13", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0673322430.13"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Agricultural Research Service", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463419.d", 
              "name": [
                "USDA-ARS Bee Research Laboratory, Building 476 BARC-East, 20705, Beltsville, MD, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Hamilton", 
            "givenName": "Michele C", 
            "id": "sg:person.0616037156.50", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0616037156.50"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Beaverlodge Research Farm, Beaverlodge, AB, Canada"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Pernal", 
            "givenName": "Stephen F", 
            "id": "sg:person.0644331620.34", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0644331620.34"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Beaverlodge Research Farm, Beaverlodge, AB, Canada"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Melathopoulos", 
            "givenName": "Andony P", 
            "id": "sg:person.01330203701.18", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01330203701.18"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Agricultural Research Service", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463419.d", 
              "name": [
                "The Molecular Characterization of Foodborne Pathogens Unit, Eastern Regional Research Center (ERRC), 19038, Wyndmoor, PA, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Yan", 
            "givenName": "Xianghe", 
            "id": "sg:person.01366326411.55", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01366326411.55"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Agricultural Research Service", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463419.d", 
              "name": [
                "USDA-ARS Bee Research Laboratory, Building 476 BARC-East, 20705, Beltsville, MD, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Evans", 
            "givenName": "Jay D", 
            "id": "sg:person.0742126446.47", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0742126446.47"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/00218839.2006.11101355", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001196070"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms1082", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001981378", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms1082"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms1082", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001981378", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms1082"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms2156", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003462787", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms2156"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2009.01953.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004773729"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2009.01953.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004773729"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2009.02123.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005147523"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2009.02123.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005147523"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/bti610", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006001436"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/326411a0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006064171", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/326411a0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1951.tb07854.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006645837"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3896/ibra.1.49.1.01", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006917920"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1205020109", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008285730"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2008.06.014", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008360968"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkl198", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013590568"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature05110", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013808916", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature05110"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature05110", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013808916", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature05110"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature05110", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013808916", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature05110"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/pmic.200700584", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015182343"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2005.01.010", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015328138"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/srep00326", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015970803", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/srep00326"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2007.09.002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016284546"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35106579", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020615079", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/35106579"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35106579", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020615079", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/35106579"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1758-2229.2009.00014.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021276825"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2008.01687.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022028182"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0960-9822(06)00420-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022859570"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkh152", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023168908"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature00949", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024179775", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature00949"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature00949", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024179775", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature00949"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0037017", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024384315"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1758-2229.2010.00170.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024431173"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1758-2229.2010.00170.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024431173"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1101/gr.641103", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025006984"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/bth238", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025209320"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1101/gr.142802.112", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025856621"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1003185", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025863480"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpara.2008.08.011", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026682107"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btq003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027162145"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1550-7408.2001.tb00464.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027677354"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1550-7408.2001.tb00464.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027677354"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkh379", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029024910"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2004.05.028", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030482208"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1550-7408.2008.00374.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030530470"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkm160", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030736062"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2006.02.005", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031051415"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1146498", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031702997"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2007.07.010", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031863609"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gki107", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032266974"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkm286", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032854836"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/27.2.573", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035372973"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1051/apido:19950606", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036549271", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1051/apido:19950606"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000466", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036556499"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2006.11.001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036759412"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0932-4739(96)80059-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036902039"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0021550", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037073351"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1101/gr.2289704", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041222434"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3896/ibra.1.49.1.11", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041693196"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2013.01.001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041820370"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1051/apido/2010021", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042478188", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1051/apido/2010021"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1051/apido/2010021", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042478188", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1051/apido/2010021"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3896/ibra.1.49.4.10", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043171631"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043319", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043998784"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000261", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044144947"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/ec.05127-11", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044491489"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002979", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044603955"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gki487", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044813607"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2007.02.014", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045182557"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2012.01.005", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046364876"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1383-5769(01)00093-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046810476"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1741-7007-10-47", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047834349", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1741-7007-10-47"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1128/aem.01067-10", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048862432"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00114-011-0881-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049823443", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00114-011-0881-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2009.06.017", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051258792"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2011.08.012", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052095545"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1550-7408.2008.00375.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052437448"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.micro.56.012302.160854", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052783560"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1051/apido/2010019", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056950443", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1051/apido/2010019"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1051/apido/2010019", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056950443", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1051/apido/2010019"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1051/apido:2006054", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056950488", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1051/apido:2006054"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1051/apido:2007037", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056950538", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1051/apido:2007037"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/aesa/71.3.372", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059362041"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/40.3.333", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059763774"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.14411/fp.2005.002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067296171"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.21775/cimb.003.091", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069252938"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1543272", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069533284"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3896/ibra.1.45.4.13", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071540101"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078761663", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082515229", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2013-12", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2013-12-01", 
        "description": "BACKGROUND: The microsporidia parasite Nosema contributes to the steep global decline of honey bees that are critical pollinators of food crops. There are two species of Nosema that have been found to infect honey bees, Nosema apis and N. ceranae. Genome sequencing of N. apis and comparative genome analysis with N. ceranae, a fully sequenced microsporidia species, reveal novel insights into host-parasite interactions underlying the parasite infections.\nRESULTS: We applied the whole-genome shotgun sequencing approach to sequence and assemble the genome of N. apis which has an estimated size of 8.5 Mbp. We predicted 2,771 protein- coding genes and predicted the function of each putative protein using the Gene Ontology. The comparative genomic analysis led to identification of 1,356 orthologs that are conserved between the two Nosema species and genes that are unique characteristics of the individual species, thereby providing a list of virulence factors and new genetic tools for studying host-parasite interactions. We also identified a highly abundant motif in the upstream promoter regions of N. apis genes. This motif is also conserved in N. ceranae and other microsporidia species and likely plays a role in gene regulation across the microsporidia.\nCONCLUSIONS: The availability of the N. apis genome sequence is a significant addition to the rapidly expanding body of microsprodian genomic data which has been improving our understanding of eukaryotic genome diversity and evolution in a broad sense. The predicted virulent genes and transcriptional regulatory elements are potential targets for innovative therapeutics to break down the life cycle of the parasite.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2164-14-451", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1023790", 
            "issn": [
              "1471-2164"
            ], 
            "name": "BMC Genomics", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "14"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Genome sequencing and comparative genomics of honey bee microsporidia, Nosema apis reveal novel insights into host-parasite interactions", 
        "pagination": "451", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "a76224f8e73821728282862c433ac80eab002befbafd3837a9db012b4e50467f"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "23829473"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "100965258"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1186/1471-2164-14-451"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1035137741"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-14-451", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035137741"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T21:35", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8687_00000506.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1186%2F1471-2164-14-451"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2164-14-451'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2164-14-451'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2164-14-451'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2164-14-451'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    476 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      118 URIs      32 LITERALS      20 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2164-14-451 schema:about N0f3c799f44244f0db259ac9ba3a0bb6b
    2 N0f5e753474a14ed7aea55346b2265e82
    3 N1106c64fa4664863bdd941392c5237cf
    4 N2dca0d14ccf943b2903e2b9f3d033bac
    5 N41bd1487e40a49369afb08c61f2cd5c2
    6 N908181abdd8a451fb6a3271871d9b3c0
    7 Nbd8d70fc19b24f6fb138dc825f39ec55
    8 Ne96d2a6cf028468fb92da1d839fa477b
    9 Nf13f5be4e42c47418778b14dfa847c95
    10 Nf63b3c1f66ae411a90892ba428b48edc
    11 Nfa6cf1018bbf4711a95f99c7c06627af
    12 anzsrc-for:06
    13 anzsrc-for:0604
    14 schema:author N775256d75a90474caa22ea2bb6f2ca7c
    15 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s00114-011-0881-1
    16 sg:pub.10.1038/326411a0
    17 sg:pub.10.1038/35106579
    18 sg:pub.10.1038/nature00949
    19 sg:pub.10.1038/nature05110
    20 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms1082
    21 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms2156
    22 sg:pub.10.1038/srep00326
    23 sg:pub.10.1051/apido/2010019
    24 sg:pub.10.1051/apido/2010021
    25 sg:pub.10.1051/apido:19950606
    26 sg:pub.10.1051/apido:2006054
    27 sg:pub.10.1051/apido:2007037
    28 sg:pub.10.1186/1741-7007-10-47
    29 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078761663
    30 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082515229
    31 https://doi.org/10.1002/pmic.200700584
    32 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2005.01.010
    33 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2008.06.014
    34 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpara.2008.08.011
    35 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2006.02.005
    36 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2006.11.001
    37 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2007.02.014
    38 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2007.07.010
    39 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2009.06.017
    40 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2011.08.012
    41 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2012.01.005
    42 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2013.01.001
    43 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2004.05.028
    44 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2007.09.002
    45 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0932-4739(96)80059-9
    46 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0960-9822(06)00420-9
    47 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1383-5769(01)00093-9
    48 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1205020109
    49 https://doi.org/10.1080/00218839.2006.11101355
    50 https://doi.org/10.1093/aesa/71.3.372
    51 https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/bth238
    52 https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/bti610
    53 https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btq003
    54 https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/40.3.333
    55 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/27.2.573
    56 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkh152
    57 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkh379
    58 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gki107
    59 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gki487
    60 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkl198
    61 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkm160
    62 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkm286
    63 https://doi.org/10.1101/gr.142802.112
    64 https://doi.org/10.1101/gr.2289704
    65 https://doi.org/10.1101/gr.641103
    66 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2008.01687.x
    67 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2009.01953.x
    68 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2009.02123.x
    69 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1550-7408.2001.tb00464.x
    70 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1550-7408.2008.00374.x
    71 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1550-7408.2008.00375.x
    72 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1951.tb07854.x
    73 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1758-2229.2009.00014.x
    74 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1758-2229.2010.00170.x
    75 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1146498
    76 https://doi.org/10.1128/aem.01067-10
    77 https://doi.org/10.1128/ec.05127-11
    78 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.micro.56.012302.160854
    79 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0021550
    80 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0037017
    81 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043319
    82 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000261
    83 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000466
    84 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002979
    85 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1003185
    86 https://doi.org/10.14411/fp.2005.002
    87 https://doi.org/10.21775/cimb.003.091
    88 https://doi.org/10.2307/1543272
    89 https://doi.org/10.3896/ibra.1.45.4.13
    90 https://doi.org/10.3896/ibra.1.49.1.01
    91 https://doi.org/10.3896/ibra.1.49.1.11
    92 https://doi.org/10.3896/ibra.1.49.4.10
    93 schema:datePublished 2013-12
    94 schema:datePublishedReg 2013-12-01
    95 schema:description BACKGROUND: The microsporidia parasite Nosema contributes to the steep global decline of honey bees that are critical pollinators of food crops. There are two species of Nosema that have been found to infect honey bees, Nosema apis and N. ceranae. Genome sequencing of N. apis and comparative genome analysis with N. ceranae, a fully sequenced microsporidia species, reveal novel insights into host-parasite interactions underlying the parasite infections. RESULTS: We applied the whole-genome shotgun sequencing approach to sequence and assemble the genome of N. apis which has an estimated size of 8.5 Mbp. We predicted 2,771 protein- coding genes and predicted the function of each putative protein using the Gene Ontology. The comparative genomic analysis led to identification of 1,356 orthologs that are conserved between the two Nosema species and genes that are unique characteristics of the individual species, thereby providing a list of virulence factors and new genetic tools for studying host-parasite interactions. We also identified a highly abundant motif in the upstream promoter regions of N. apis genes. This motif is also conserved in N. ceranae and other microsporidia species and likely plays a role in gene regulation across the microsporidia. CONCLUSIONS: The availability of the N. apis genome sequence is a significant addition to the rapidly expanding body of microsprodian genomic data which has been improving our understanding of eukaryotic genome diversity and evolution in a broad sense. The predicted virulent genes and transcriptional regulatory elements are potential targets for innovative therapeutics to break down the life cycle of the parasite.
    96 schema:genre research_article
    97 schema:inLanguage en
    98 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    99 schema:isPartOf N6a5a25ee29a7446ab6112fa2be966d90
    100 Nbea564856de44dc28caaaf3fa810306f
    101 sg:journal.1023790
    102 schema:name Genome sequencing and comparative genomics of honey bee microsporidia, Nosema apis reveal novel insights into host-parasite interactions
    103 schema:pagination 451
    104 schema:productId N39f8f58bf81f42e2877560b105999124
    105 N3ac057d68ea44d32b7c0562a10a8ade2
    106 N4ce5ad7eb5574eda89590a630b9eb1d2
    107 N7b60a5d1e49542d9afb44e36ff7056c3
    108 Na2ac4be88bd64fbcb824273ccd6b1bc7
    109 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035137741
    110 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-14-451
    111 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T21:35
    112 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    113 schema:sdPublisher N54c7ad1dd0ab48e0838698d2f0335ea8
    114 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1186%2F1471-2164-14-451
    115 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    116 sgo:sdDataset articles
    117 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    118 N018a926f17e346c2a06daef6bc26a117 rdf:first sg:person.01064110232.82
    119 rdf:rest N766585fe6b73474fb6620ae7806f6331
    120 N04e762e296c84a5ea2b2214a4d354255 rdf:first sg:person.0776441404.79
    121 rdf:rest Nc8382490bd2345e5ba0b4564ac074b66
    122 N0f3c799f44244f0db259ac9ba3a0bb6b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    123 schema:name Nosema
    124 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    125 N0f5e753474a14ed7aea55346b2265e82 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    126 schema:name Species Specificity
    127 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    128 N1106c64fa4664863bdd941392c5237cf schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    129 schema:name Host-Pathogen Interactions
    130 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    131 N2dca0d14ccf943b2903e2b9f3d033bac schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    132 schema:name Genomics
    133 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    134 N3420fc914302478495ef4e21ce62ac72 rdf:first sg:person.0616037156.50
    135 rdf:rest Ne12ef52b5a1943c19caedbbc9bb611be
    136 N39f8f58bf81f42e2877560b105999124 schema:name dimensions_id
    137 schema:value pub.1035137741
    138 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    139 N3ac057d68ea44d32b7c0562a10a8ade2 schema:name pubmed_id
    140 schema:value 23829473
    141 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    142 N3c2f6e42092e4b98aa2afc6c2452629a schema:name Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Beaverlodge Research Farm, Beaverlodge, AB, Canada
    143 rdf:type schema:Organization
    144 N41bd1487e40a49369afb08c61f2cd5c2 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    145 schema:name Animals
    146 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    147 N42022c90a07749a8864e2a99b149ac20 rdf:first sg:person.0733621026.53
    148 rdf:rest N018a926f17e346c2a06daef6bc26a117
    149 N4ce5ad7eb5574eda89590a630b9eb1d2 schema:name readcube_id
    150 schema:value a76224f8e73821728282862c433ac80eab002befbafd3837a9db012b4e50467f
    151 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    152 N54c7ad1dd0ab48e0838698d2f0335ea8 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    153 rdf:type schema:Organization
    154 N5cd428e8c3884a7bbc878d9d2822282e schema:name Eastern Bee Research Institute of Yunnan Agriculture University, 650201, Kunming, Yunnan, P.R. China
    155 rdf:type schema:Organization
    156 N6a5a25ee29a7446ab6112fa2be966d90 schema:issueNumber 1
    157 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    158 N6f241796b3234ed1af61e295f598e1f8 rdf:first sg:person.01366326411.55
    159 rdf:rest N7780ef28ba8448448846bf9c5670fb75
    160 N766585fe6b73474fb6620ae7806f6331 rdf:first sg:person.01245763413.05
    161 rdf:rest N9d5abf6a739946c1a9951fc109b1ff61
    162 N770c0bc50bac4fc089b3306daa5f9183 rdf:first sg:person.01346205151.48
    163 rdf:rest Nf73ae70d1bfc4834ae4e297949b3a12a
    164 N775256d75a90474caa22ea2bb6f2ca7c rdf:first sg:person.01272426772.29
    165 rdf:rest N42022c90a07749a8864e2a99b149ac20
    166 N7780ef28ba8448448846bf9c5670fb75 rdf:first sg:person.0742126446.47
    167 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    168 N7b60a5d1e49542d9afb44e36ff7056c3 schema:name doi
    169 schema:value 10.1186/1471-2164-14-451
    170 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    171 N908181abdd8a451fb6a3271871d9b3c0 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    172 schema:name Conserved Sequence
    173 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    174 N9d5abf6a739946c1a9951fc109b1ff61 rdf:first sg:person.0603353233.04
    175 rdf:rest Na198e627ccf94e8f9980d98a81affe86
    176 Na198e627ccf94e8f9980d98a81affe86 rdf:first sg:person.0651466433.02
    177 rdf:rest N04e762e296c84a5ea2b2214a4d354255
    178 Na2ac4be88bd64fbcb824273ccd6b1bc7 schema:name nlm_unique_id
    179 schema:value 100965258
    180 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    181 Nafc44887f1144df1bdca18350c31a06e rdf:first sg:person.01330203701.18
    182 rdf:rest N6f241796b3234ed1af61e295f598e1f8
    183 Nafd8478de8db41ddb85effcef0fc42f5 schema:name Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Beaverlodge Research Farm, Beaverlodge, AB, Canada
    184 rdf:type schema:Organization
    185 Nbd8d70fc19b24f6fb138dc825f39ec55 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    186 schema:name Sequence Analysis, DNA
    187 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    188 Nbea564856de44dc28caaaf3fa810306f schema:volumeNumber 14
    189 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    190 Nc8382490bd2345e5ba0b4564ac074b66 rdf:first sg:person.01105523645.49
    191 rdf:rest N770c0bc50bac4fc089b3306daa5f9183
    192 Ne12ef52b5a1943c19caedbbc9bb611be rdf:first sg:person.0644331620.34
    193 rdf:rest Nafc44887f1144df1bdca18350c31a06e
    194 Ne96d2a6cf028468fb92da1d839fa477b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    195 schema:name Fungal Proteins
    196 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    197 Nf13f5be4e42c47418778b14dfa847c95 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    198 schema:name Molecular Sequence Annotation
    199 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    200 Nf63b3c1f66ae411a90892ba428b48edc schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    201 schema:name Insect Proteins
    202 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    203 Nf73ae70d1bfc4834ae4e297949b3a12a rdf:first sg:person.0673322430.13
    204 rdf:rest N3420fc914302478495ef4e21ce62ac72
    205 Nfa6cf1018bbf4711a95f99c7c06627af schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    206 schema:name Bees
    207 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    208 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    209 schema:name Biological Sciences
    210 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    211 anzsrc-for:0604 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    212 schema:name Genetics
    213 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    214 sg:journal.1023790 schema:issn 1471-2164
    215 schema:name BMC Genomics
    216 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    217 sg:person.01064110232.82 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463419.d
    218 schema:familyName Zhao
    219 schema:givenName Yan
    220 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01064110232.82
    221 rdf:type schema:Person
    222 sg:person.01105523645.49 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13402.34
    223 schema:familyName Zheng
    224 schema:givenName Huoqing
    225 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01105523645.49
    226 rdf:type schema:Person
    227 sg:person.01245763413.05 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411024.2
    228 schema:familyName Liu
    229 schema:givenName Xinyue
    230 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01245763413.05
    231 rdf:type schema:Person
    232 sg:person.01272426772.29 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463419.d
    233 schema:familyName Chen
    234 schema:givenName Yan ping
    235 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01272426772.29
    236 rdf:type schema:Person
    237 sg:person.01330203701.18 schema:affiliation Nafd8478de8db41ddb85effcef0fc42f5
    238 schema:familyName Melathopoulos
    239 schema:givenName Andony P
    240 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01330203701.18
    241 rdf:type schema:Person
    242 sg:person.01346205151.48 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.256111.0
    243 schema:familyName Huang
    244 schema:givenName Shaokang
    245 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01346205151.48
    246 rdf:type schema:Person
    247 sg:person.01366326411.55 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463419.d
    248 schema:familyName Yan
    249 schema:givenName Xianghe
    250 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01366326411.55
    251 rdf:type schema:Person
    252 sg:person.0603353233.04 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411024.2
    253 schema:familyName Tallon
    254 schema:givenName Luke J
    255 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0603353233.04
    256 rdf:type schema:Person
    257 sg:person.0616037156.50 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463419.d
    258 schema:familyName Hamilton
    259 schema:givenName Michele C
    260 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0616037156.50
    261 rdf:type schema:Person
    262 sg:person.0644331620.34 schema:affiliation N3c2f6e42092e4b98aa2afc6c2452629a
    263 schema:familyName Pernal
    264 schema:givenName Stephen F
    265 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0644331620.34
    266 rdf:type schema:Person
    267 sg:person.0651466433.02 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411024.2
    268 schema:familyName Sadzewicz
    269 schema:givenName Lisa D
    270 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0651466433.02
    271 rdf:type schema:Person
    272 sg:person.0673322430.13 schema:affiliation N5cd428e8c3884a7bbc878d9d2822282e
    273 schema:familyName Zhang
    274 schema:givenName Xuan
    275 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0673322430.13
    276 rdf:type schema:Person
    277 sg:person.0733621026.53 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463419.d
    278 schema:familyName Pettis
    279 schema:givenName Jeffery S
    280 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0733621026.53
    281 rdf:type schema:Person
    282 sg:person.0742126446.47 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463419.d
    283 schema:familyName Evans
    284 schema:givenName Jay D
    285 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0742126446.47
    286 rdf:type schema:Person
    287 sg:person.0776441404.79 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.430964.c
    288 schema:familyName Li
    289 schema:givenName Renhua
    290 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0776441404.79
    291 rdf:type schema:Person
    292 sg:pub.10.1007/s00114-011-0881-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049823443
    293 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00114-011-0881-1
    294 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    295 sg:pub.10.1038/326411a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006064171
    296 https://doi.org/10.1038/326411a0
    297 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    298 sg:pub.10.1038/35106579 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020615079
    299 https://doi.org/10.1038/35106579
    300 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    301 sg:pub.10.1038/nature00949 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024179775
    302 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature00949
    303 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    304 sg:pub.10.1038/nature05110 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013808916
    305 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature05110
    306 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    307 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms1082 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001981378
    308 https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms1082
    309 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    310 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms2156 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003462787
    311 https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms2156
    312 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    313 sg:pub.10.1038/srep00326 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015970803
    314 https://doi.org/10.1038/srep00326
    315 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    316 sg:pub.10.1051/apido/2010019 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056950443
    317 https://doi.org/10.1051/apido/2010019
    318 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    319 sg:pub.10.1051/apido/2010021 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042478188
    320 https://doi.org/10.1051/apido/2010021
    321 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    322 sg:pub.10.1051/apido:19950606 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036549271
    323 https://doi.org/10.1051/apido:19950606
    324 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    325 sg:pub.10.1051/apido:2006054 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056950488
    326 https://doi.org/10.1051/apido:2006054
    327 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    328 sg:pub.10.1051/apido:2007037 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1056950538
    329 https://doi.org/10.1051/apido:2007037
    330 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    331 sg:pub.10.1186/1741-7007-10-47 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047834349
    332 https://doi.org/10.1186/1741-7007-10-47
    333 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    334 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078761663 schema:CreativeWork
    335 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082515229 schema:CreativeWork
    336 https://doi.org/10.1002/pmic.200700584 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015182343
    337 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    338 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2005.01.010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015328138
    339 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    340 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2008.06.014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008360968
    341 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    342 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpara.2008.08.011 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026682107
    343 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    344 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2006.02.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031051415
    345 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    346 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2006.11.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036759412
    347 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    348 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2007.02.014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045182557
    349 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    350 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2007.07.010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031863609
    351 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    352 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2009.06.017 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051258792
    353 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    354 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2011.08.012 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052095545
    355 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    356 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2012.01.005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046364876
    357 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    358 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2013.01.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041820370
    359 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    360 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2004.05.028 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030482208
    361 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    362 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2007.09.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016284546
    363 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    364 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0932-4739(96)80059-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036902039
    365 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    366 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0960-9822(06)00420-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022859570
    367 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    368 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1383-5769(01)00093-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046810476
    369 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    370 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1205020109 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008285730
    371 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    372 https://doi.org/10.1080/00218839.2006.11101355 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001196070
    373 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    374 https://doi.org/10.1093/aesa/71.3.372 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059362041
    375 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    376 https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/bth238 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025209320
    377 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    378 https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/bti610 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006001436
    379 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    380 https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btq003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027162145
    381 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    382 https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/40.3.333 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059763774
    383 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    384 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/27.2.573 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035372973
    385 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    386 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkh152 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023168908
    387 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    388 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkh379 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029024910
    389 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    390 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gki107 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032266974
    391 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    392 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gki487 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044813607
    393 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    394 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkl198 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013590568
    395 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    396 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkm160 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030736062
    397 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    398 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkm286 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032854836
    399 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    400 https://doi.org/10.1101/gr.142802.112 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025856621
    401 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    402 https://doi.org/10.1101/gr.2289704 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041222434
    403 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    404 https://doi.org/10.1101/gr.641103 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025006984
    405 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    406 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2008.01687.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022028182
    407 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    408 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2009.01953.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004773729
    409 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    410 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1462-2920.2009.02123.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005147523
    411 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    412 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1550-7408.2001.tb00464.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027677354
    413 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    414 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1550-7408.2008.00374.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030530470
    415 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    416 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1550-7408.2008.00375.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052437448
    417 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    418 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1951.tb07854.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006645837
    419 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    420 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1758-2229.2009.00014.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021276825
    421 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    422 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1758-2229.2010.00170.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024431173
    423 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    424 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1146498 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031702997
    425 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    426 https://doi.org/10.1128/aem.01067-10 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048862432
    427 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    428 https://doi.org/10.1128/ec.05127-11 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044491489
    429 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    430 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.micro.56.012302.160854 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052783560
    431 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    432 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0021550 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037073351
    433 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    434 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0037017 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024384315
    435 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    436 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043319 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043998784
    437 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    438 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000261 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044144947
    439 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    440 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000466 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036556499
    441 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    442 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002979 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044603955
    443 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    444 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1003185 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025863480
    445 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    446 https://doi.org/10.14411/fp.2005.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067296171
    447 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    448 https://doi.org/10.21775/cimb.003.091 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069252938
    449 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    450 https://doi.org/10.2307/1543272 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069533284
    451 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    452 https://doi.org/10.3896/ibra.1.45.4.13 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071540101
    453 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    454 https://doi.org/10.3896/ibra.1.49.1.01 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006917920
    455 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    456 https://doi.org/10.3896/ibra.1.49.1.11 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041693196
    457 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    458 https://doi.org/10.3896/ibra.1.49.4.10 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043171631
    459 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    460 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.13402.34 schema:alternateName Zhejiang University
    461 schema:name College of Animal Sciences, Zhejiang University, 310058, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, P.R. China
    462 rdf:type schema:Organization
    463 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.256111.0 schema:alternateName Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University
    464 schema:name College of Bee Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, 350002, Fuzhou, Fujian, P.R. China
    465 rdf:type schema:Organization
    466 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411024.2 schema:alternateName University of Maryland, Baltimore
    467 schema:name The Institute for Genome Sciences, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 21202, Baltimore, MD, USA
    468 rdf:type schema:Organization
    469 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.430964.c schema:alternateName Windber Research Institute
    470 schema:name Windber Research Institute, 620 7th Street, 15963, Windber, PA, USA
    471 rdf:type schema:Organization
    472 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463419.d schema:alternateName Agricultural Research Service
    473 schema:name The Molecular Characterization of Foodborne Pathogens Unit, Eastern Regional Research Center (ERRC), 19038, Wyndmoor, PA, USA
    474 USDA-ARS Bee Research Laboratory, Building 476 BARC-East, 20705, Beltsville, MD, USA
    475 USDA-ARS Molecular Plant Pathology Laboratory, 20705, Beltsville, MD, USA
    476 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...