Hepatic glucokinase promoter polymorphism is associated with hepatic insulin resistance in Asian Indians. View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2000-12

AUTHORS

Ken C Chiu, Lee-Ming Chuang, Carol Yoon, Mohammad F Saad

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The role of glucokinase (GCK) in the pathogenesis of maturity-onset diabetes of the young is well established. However, its role in the common form of type 2 diabetes is far from convincing. We investigated the role of the G-to-A polymorphism in the hepatic GCK promoter on insulin sensitivity and beta cell function in 63 normotensive Asian Indians with normal glucose tolerance. As proposed by Matsuda and DeFronzo, hepatic insulin sensitivity (ISIH) and total body insulin sensitivity (ISIM) were estimated from the oral glucose tolerance test. Beta cell function was estimated using %B from the Homeostasis Model Assessment and insulingenic index (dI/dG). RESULT: We identified 38 GG, 24 GA, and one AA subjects. The AA subject was pooled with the GA subjects during the analysis. No difference was noted in the demographic features between the two genotypic groups (GG vs. GA/AA). Compared to the GG group, the GA/AA group had a lower ISIH (p=0.002), a lower ISIM (p=0.009), a higher %B (p=0.014), and a higher dI/dG (p=0.030). Multivariate analysis revealed that this polymorphism is an independent determinant for ISIH (p=0.019) and along with age, waist-hip ratio, gender, and diastolic blood pressure accounted for 51.5% of the variation of ISIH. However, this polymorphism was a weak, but independent determinant for ISIM (p=0.089) and %B (p=0.083). Furthermore, it had no independent effect on dI/dG (p=0.135). CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that the G-to-A polymorphism in the hepatic GCK promoter is associated with hepatic insulin resistance in Asian Indians. More... »

PAGES

2

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2156-1-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2156-1-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022424722

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11112984


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