Complete chloroplast genome sequence of a tree fern Alsophila spinulosa: insights into evolutionary changes in fern chloroplast genomes View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2009-12

AUTHORS

Lei Gao, Xuan Yi, Yong-Xia Yang, Ying-Juan Su, Ting Wang

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Ferns have generally been neglected in studies of chloroplast genomics. Before this study, only one polypod and two basal ferns had their complete chloroplast (cp) genome reported. Tree ferns represent an ancient fern lineage that first occurred in the Late Triassic. In recent phylogenetic analyses, tree ferns were shown to be the sister group of polypods, the most diverse group of living ferns. Availability of cp genome sequence from a tree fern will facilitate interpretation of the evolutionary changes of fern cp genomes. Here we have sequenced the complete cp genome of a scaly tree fern Alsophila spinulosa (Cyatheaceae). RESULTS: The Alsophila cp genome is 156,661 base pairs (bp) in size, and has a typical quadripartite structure with the large (LSC, 86,308 bp) and small single copy (SSC, 21,623 bp) regions separated by two copies of an inverted repeat (IRs, 24,365 bp each). This genome contains 117 different genes encoding 85 proteins, 4 rRNAs and 28 tRNAs. Pseudogenes of ycf66 and trnT-UGU are also detected in this genome. A unique trnR-UCG gene (derived from trnR-CCG) is found between rbcL and accD. The Alsophila cp genome shares some unusual characteristics with the previously sequenced cp genome of the polypod fern Adiantum capillus-veneris, including the absence of 5 tRNA genes that exist in most other cp genomes. The genome shows a high degree of synteny with that of Adiantum, but differs considerably from two basal ferns (Angiopteris evecta and Psilotum nudum). At one endpoint of an ancient inversion we detected a highly repeated 565-bp-region that is absent from the Adiantum cp genome. An additional minor inversion of the trnD-GUC, which is possibly shared by all ferns, was identified by comparison between the fern and other land plant cp genomes. CONCLUSION: By comparing four fern cp genome sequences it was confirmed that two major rearrangements distinguish higher leptosporangiate ferns from basal fern lineages. The Alsophila cp genome is very similar to that of the polypod fern Adiantum in terms of gene content, gene order and GC content. However, there exist some striking differences between them: the trnR-UCG gene represents a putative molecular apomorphy of tree ferns; and the repeats observed at one inversion endpoint may be a vestige of some unknown rearrangement(s). This work provided fresh insights into the fern cp genome evolution as well as useful data for future phylogenetic studies. More... »

PAGES

130

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2148-9-130

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-9-130

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020104454

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19519899


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0604", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Genetics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Base Composition", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Base Sequence", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Chloroplasts", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Chromosome Inversion", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Comparative Genomic Hybridization", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "DNA, Plant", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Evolution, Molecular", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Ferns", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Gene Order", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Genes, Plant", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Genome, Chloroplast", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Genome, Plant", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Molecular Sequence Data", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Phylogeny", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "RNA, Transfer", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Sequence Analysis, DNA", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Chinese Academy of Sciences", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9227.e", 
          "name": [
            "Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 430074, Wuhan, Hubei, PR China", 
            "Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100039, Beijing, PR China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gao", 
        "givenName": "Lei", 
        "id": "sg:person.01003233272.86", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01003233272.86"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Chinese Academy of Sciences", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9227.e", 
          "name": [
            "Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 430074, Wuhan, Hubei, PR China", 
            "Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100039, Beijing, PR China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Yi", 
        "givenName": "Xuan", 
        "id": "sg:person.0626313364.88", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0626313364.88"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Chinese Academy of Sciences", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9227.e", 
          "name": [
            "Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 430074, Wuhan, Hubei, PR China", 
            "Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100039, Beijing, PR China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Yang", 
        "givenName": "Yong-Xia", 
        "id": "sg:person.0742541764.89", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0742541764.89"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Sun Yat-sen University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12981.33", 
          "name": [
            "State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, 510275, Guangzhou, PR China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Su", 
        "givenName": "Ying-Juan", 
        "id": "sg:person.0752113333.26", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0752113333.26"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Wuhan Botanical Garden", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.458515.8", 
          "name": [
            "Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 430074, Wuhan, Hubei, PR China"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wang", 
        "givenName": "Ting", 
        "id": "sg:person.01020226533.60", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01020226533.60"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkl448", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001223652"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/dnares/10.2.59", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003499143"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1640/0002-8444(2007)97[95:tcpgso]2.0.co;2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006115360"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/19.5.983", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008694536"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00016513", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012880647", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00016513"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00016513", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012880647", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00016513"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkm393", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016461089"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313x.2004.02202.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016693297"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ge.19.120185.001545", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017300352"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1006/jmbi.2001.5102", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018248526"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2148-6-77", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020135520", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-6-77"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.89.5.1856", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020694732"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6968.1999.tb13575.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020936444"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6968.1999.tb13575.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020936444"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkh152", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023168908"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1360-1385(02)02375-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024423526"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1360-1385(02)02375-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024423526"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3732/ajb.91.10.1582", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024578488"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature02361", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024989834", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02361"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature02361", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024989834", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02361"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature02361", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024989834", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02361"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00239-008-9180-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026516149", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00239-008-9180-7"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00239-008-9180-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026516149", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00239-008-9180-7"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.85.22.8573", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026524684"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02497656", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031231685", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02497656"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02497656", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031231685", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02497656"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511541827.007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034599978"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msi182", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035043131"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1558-5646.2008.00408.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035130172"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.84.3.769", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036387396"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msl089", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036660444"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2004.06.018", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038223639"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35054555", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038499798", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/35054555"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/35054555", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038499798", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/35054555"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02672076", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038583671", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02672076"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02672076", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038583671", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02672076"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1101/gr.8.3.186", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038920266"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.genet.32.1.437", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039717539"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1013892009589", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040841382", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1013892009589"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcm097", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041689404"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1101/gr.2129504", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044305984"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/29.22.4633", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046065243"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1741-7007-4-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048541097", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1741-7007-4-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00239-008-9086-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049340324", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00239-008-9086-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00239-008-9086-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049340324", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00239-008-9086-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/bth352", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050086076"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btm598", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052386520"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.255.5052.1697", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062543691"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1547809", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069536409"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2419712", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069923020"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/25065646", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069952587"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/25065646", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069952587"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/25065646", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069952587"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1460-2075.1986.tb04464.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077183847"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1079/9780851999043.0045", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1089218526"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2009-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2009-12-01", 
    "description": "BACKGROUND: Ferns have generally been neglected in studies of chloroplast genomics. Before this study, only one polypod and two basal ferns had their complete chloroplast (cp) genome reported. Tree ferns represent an ancient fern lineage that first occurred in the Late Triassic. In recent phylogenetic analyses, tree ferns were shown to be the sister group of polypods, the most diverse group of living ferns. Availability of cp genome sequence from a tree fern will facilitate interpretation of the evolutionary changes of fern cp genomes. Here we have sequenced the complete cp genome of a scaly tree fern Alsophila spinulosa (Cyatheaceae).\nRESULTS: The Alsophila cp genome is 156,661 base pairs (bp) in size, and has a typical quadripartite structure with the large (LSC, 86,308 bp) and small single copy (SSC, 21,623 bp) regions separated by two copies of an inverted repeat (IRs, 24,365 bp each). This genome contains 117 different genes encoding 85 proteins, 4 rRNAs and 28 tRNAs. Pseudogenes of ycf66 and trnT-UGU are also detected in this genome. A unique trnR-UCG gene (derived from trnR-CCG) is found between rbcL and accD. The Alsophila cp genome shares some unusual characteristics with the previously sequenced cp genome of the polypod fern Adiantum capillus-veneris, including the absence of 5 tRNA genes that exist in most other cp genomes. The genome shows a high degree of synteny with that of Adiantum, but differs considerably from two basal ferns (Angiopteris evecta and Psilotum nudum). At one endpoint of an ancient inversion we detected a highly repeated 565-bp-region that is absent from the Adiantum cp genome. An additional minor inversion of the trnD-GUC, which is possibly shared by all ferns, was identified by comparison between the fern and other land plant cp genomes.\nCONCLUSION: By comparing four fern cp genome sequences it was confirmed that two major rearrangements distinguish higher leptosporangiate ferns from basal fern lineages. The Alsophila cp genome is very similar to that of the polypod fern Adiantum in terms of gene content, gene order and GC content. However, there exist some striking differences between them: the trnR-UCG gene represents a putative molecular apomorphy of tree ferns; and the repeats observed at one inversion endpoint may be a vestige of some unknown rearrangement(s). This work provided fresh insights into the fern cp genome evolution as well as useful data for future phylogenetic studies.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2148-9-130", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1024249", 
        "issn": [
          "1471-2148"
        ], 
        "name": "BMC Evolutionary Biology", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "9"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Complete chloroplast genome sequence of a tree fern Alsophila spinulosa: insights into evolutionary changes in fern chloroplast genomes", 
    "pagination": "130", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "5fca6fc3bf4634e7a74f3ff38a94790fe798d31dba0e53a47607367a67b7b127"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "19519899"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "100966975"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1186/1471-2148-9-130"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1020104454"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-9-130", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020104454"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T22:30", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8690_00000504.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1186%2F1471-2148-9-130"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2148-9-130'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2148-9-130'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2148-9-130'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2148-9-130'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

310 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      89 URIs      38 LITERALS      26 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2148-9-130 schema:about N04b8fea745b040498c2c2b34d4b27443
2 N106c2841a64d4ae7ba5c3015557b1cd8
3 N13cb74d7058742aebed365aeae4821e3
4 N152207b651a54eed8f3037b38bdb8eb6
5 N176c2344118d4c2489e584e84fd88a29
6 N38621bb9675d4b6c83782833b7bcf974
7 N473764c3ee6a43aa9486527e020e7eb0
8 N517f8723549b4c5ba16ab38bed92f67e
9 N571c8a5112cc4991b98279d8d58e0c57
10 N6ff797c6006a409a980fce15e6de1ec9
11 N7f357a3657524bc889a9816e4e6b7262
12 N9a78269dd15d4e6da79a9c1e91d27b22
13 N9d1be1dec2d24a62af1595775ba5d56c
14 Na3158f3bc00543329fbd3516848fcc26
15 Na7f10beee6204cb881a72fe524d99aac
16 Na85eb355c9ee436e8484b8bac5807e7f
17 Nb12b66d1d55940dc9254ba22a07f1b6f
18 anzsrc-for:06
19 anzsrc-for:0604
20 schema:author N91f2ed9e03614e7ca92db64696c0fb6b
21 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00016513
22 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02497656
23 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02672076
24 sg:pub.10.1007/s00239-008-9086-4
25 sg:pub.10.1007/s00239-008-9180-7
26 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1013892009589
27 sg:pub.10.1038/35054555
28 sg:pub.10.1038/nature02361
29 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2148-6-77
30 sg:pub.10.1186/1741-7007-4-3
31 https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1460-2075.1986.tb04464.x
32 https://doi.org/10.1006/jmbi.2001.5102
33 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2004.06.018
34 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1360-1385(02)02375-0
35 https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511541827.007
36 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.84.3.769
37 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.85.22.8573
38 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.89.5.1856
39 https://doi.org/10.1079/9780851999043.0045
40 https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/bth352
41 https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btm598
42 https://doi.org/10.1093/dnares/10.2.59
43 https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msi182
44 https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msl089
45 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/19.5.983
46 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/29.22.4633
47 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkh152
48 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkl448
49 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkm393
50 https://doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcm097
51 https://doi.org/10.1101/gr.2129504
52 https://doi.org/10.1101/gr.8.3.186
53 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313x.2004.02202.x
54 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1558-5646.2008.00408.x
55 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6968.1999.tb13575.x
56 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.255.5052.1697
57 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ge.19.120185.001545
58 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.genet.32.1.437
59 https://doi.org/10.1640/0002-8444(2007)97[95:tcpgso]2.0.co;2
60 https://doi.org/10.2307/1547809
61 https://doi.org/10.2307/2419712
62 https://doi.org/10.2307/25065646
63 https://doi.org/10.3732/ajb.91.10.1582
64 schema:datePublished 2009-12
65 schema:datePublishedReg 2009-12-01
66 schema:description BACKGROUND: Ferns have generally been neglected in studies of chloroplast genomics. Before this study, only one polypod and two basal ferns had their complete chloroplast (cp) genome reported. Tree ferns represent an ancient fern lineage that first occurred in the Late Triassic. In recent phylogenetic analyses, tree ferns were shown to be the sister group of polypods, the most diverse group of living ferns. Availability of cp genome sequence from a tree fern will facilitate interpretation of the evolutionary changes of fern cp genomes. Here we have sequenced the complete cp genome of a scaly tree fern Alsophila spinulosa (Cyatheaceae). RESULTS: The Alsophila cp genome is 156,661 base pairs (bp) in size, and has a typical quadripartite structure with the large (LSC, 86,308 bp) and small single copy (SSC, 21,623 bp) regions separated by two copies of an inverted repeat (IRs, 24,365 bp each). This genome contains 117 different genes encoding 85 proteins, 4 rRNAs and 28 tRNAs. Pseudogenes of ycf66 and trnT-UGU are also detected in this genome. A unique trnR-UCG gene (derived from trnR-CCG) is found between rbcL and accD. The Alsophila cp genome shares some unusual characteristics with the previously sequenced cp genome of the polypod fern Adiantum capillus-veneris, including the absence of 5 tRNA genes that exist in most other cp genomes. The genome shows a high degree of synteny with that of Adiantum, but differs considerably from two basal ferns (Angiopteris evecta and Psilotum nudum). At one endpoint of an ancient inversion we detected a highly repeated 565-bp-region that is absent from the Adiantum cp genome. An additional minor inversion of the trnD-GUC, which is possibly shared by all ferns, was identified by comparison between the fern and other land plant cp genomes. CONCLUSION: By comparing four fern cp genome sequences it was confirmed that two major rearrangements distinguish higher leptosporangiate ferns from basal fern lineages. The Alsophila cp genome is very similar to that of the polypod fern Adiantum in terms of gene content, gene order and GC content. However, there exist some striking differences between them: the trnR-UCG gene represents a putative molecular apomorphy of tree ferns; and the repeats observed at one inversion endpoint may be a vestige of some unknown rearrangement(s). This work provided fresh insights into the fern cp genome evolution as well as useful data for future phylogenetic studies.
67 schema:genre research_article
68 schema:inLanguage en
69 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
70 schema:isPartOf N79c32195ee7c4029930b27d9cb611f56
71 Nb1ba4315df864aaeaf1988572f13353c
72 sg:journal.1024249
73 schema:name Complete chloroplast genome sequence of a tree fern Alsophila spinulosa: insights into evolutionary changes in fern chloroplast genomes
74 schema:pagination 130
75 schema:productId N4eed65b3e2084714b9ddcf853b65cde1
76 N63ab1ea7edc54a1195c714b18a344bde
77 N69b895b018454f7788c8d2bbf23e5f5f
78 N75f0356975184779b5ba357546682850
79 Nb8304c18d8f2419d9dbac68702d82b8b
80 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020104454
81 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-9-130
82 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T22:30
83 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
84 schema:sdPublisher N6f1926077be64207b1ec1f6897c617c5
85 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1186%2F1471-2148-9-130
86 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
87 sgo:sdDataset articles
88 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
89 N032f2337dff34d989a700d524d0bb9e8 rdf:first sg:person.0742541764.89
90 rdf:rest Na2bda02e281442d5be098f3a58ddb92f
91 N04b8fea745b040498c2c2b34d4b27443 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
92 schema:name DNA, Plant
93 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
94 N106c2841a64d4ae7ba5c3015557b1cd8 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
95 schema:name Genome, Chloroplast
96 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
97 N13cb74d7058742aebed365aeae4821e3 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
98 schema:name Comparative Genomic Hybridization
99 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
100 N152207b651a54eed8f3037b38bdb8eb6 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
101 schema:name Phylogeny
102 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
103 N176c2344118d4c2489e584e84fd88a29 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
104 schema:name Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid
105 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
106 N38621bb9675d4b6c83782833b7bcf974 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
107 schema:name Base Composition
108 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
109 N473764c3ee6a43aa9486527e020e7eb0 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
110 schema:name Base Sequence
111 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
112 N4eed65b3e2084714b9ddcf853b65cde1 schema:name pubmed_id
113 schema:value 19519899
114 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
115 N517f8723549b4c5ba16ab38bed92f67e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
116 schema:name Evolution, Molecular
117 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
118 N571c8a5112cc4991b98279d8d58e0c57 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
119 schema:name Sequence Analysis, DNA
120 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
121 N63ab1ea7edc54a1195c714b18a344bde schema:name dimensions_id
122 schema:value pub.1020104454
123 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
124 N6583207d978d45d5b479dafe60feba96 rdf:first sg:person.01020226533.60
125 rdf:rest rdf:nil
126 N69b895b018454f7788c8d2bbf23e5f5f schema:name doi
127 schema:value 10.1186/1471-2148-9-130
128 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
129 N6f1926077be64207b1ec1f6897c617c5 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
130 rdf:type schema:Organization
131 N6ff797c6006a409a980fce15e6de1ec9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
132 schema:name Genes, Plant
133 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
134 N75f0356975184779b5ba357546682850 schema:name nlm_unique_id
135 schema:value 100966975
136 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
137 N79c32195ee7c4029930b27d9cb611f56 schema:volumeNumber 9
138 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
139 N7f357a3657524bc889a9816e4e6b7262 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
140 schema:name Gene Order
141 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
142 N91f2ed9e03614e7ca92db64696c0fb6b rdf:first sg:person.01003233272.86
143 rdf:rest Nb6210a24fd9f4e6c875020bc40fbb351
144 N9a78269dd15d4e6da79a9c1e91d27b22 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
145 schema:name Chloroplasts
146 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
147 N9d1be1dec2d24a62af1595775ba5d56c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
148 schema:name Genome, Plant
149 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
150 Na2bda02e281442d5be098f3a58ddb92f rdf:first sg:person.0752113333.26
151 rdf:rest N6583207d978d45d5b479dafe60feba96
152 Na3158f3bc00543329fbd3516848fcc26 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
153 schema:name Chromosome Inversion
154 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
155 Na7f10beee6204cb881a72fe524d99aac schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
156 schema:name RNA, Transfer
157 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
158 Na85eb355c9ee436e8484b8bac5807e7f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
159 schema:name Ferns
160 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
161 Nb12b66d1d55940dc9254ba22a07f1b6f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
162 schema:name Molecular Sequence Data
163 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
164 Nb1ba4315df864aaeaf1988572f13353c schema:issueNumber 1
165 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
166 Nb6210a24fd9f4e6c875020bc40fbb351 rdf:first sg:person.0626313364.88
167 rdf:rest N032f2337dff34d989a700d524d0bb9e8
168 Nb8304c18d8f2419d9dbac68702d82b8b schema:name readcube_id
169 schema:value 5fca6fc3bf4634e7a74f3ff38a94790fe798d31dba0e53a47607367a67b7b127
170 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
171 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
172 schema:name Biological Sciences
173 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
174 anzsrc-for:0604 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
175 schema:name Genetics
176 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
177 sg:journal.1024249 schema:issn 1471-2148
178 schema:name BMC Evolutionary Biology
179 rdf:type schema:Periodical
180 sg:person.01003233272.86 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9227.e
181 schema:familyName Gao
182 schema:givenName Lei
183 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01003233272.86
184 rdf:type schema:Person
185 sg:person.01020226533.60 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.458515.8
186 schema:familyName Wang
187 schema:givenName Ting
188 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01020226533.60
189 rdf:type schema:Person
190 sg:person.0626313364.88 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9227.e
191 schema:familyName Yi
192 schema:givenName Xuan
193 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0626313364.88
194 rdf:type schema:Person
195 sg:person.0742541764.89 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9227.e
196 schema:familyName Yang
197 schema:givenName Yong-Xia
198 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0742541764.89
199 rdf:type schema:Person
200 sg:person.0752113333.26 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12981.33
201 schema:familyName Su
202 schema:givenName Ying-Juan
203 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0752113333.26
204 rdf:type schema:Person
205 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00016513 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012880647
206 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00016513
207 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
208 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02497656 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031231685
209 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02497656
210 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
211 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02672076 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038583671
212 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02672076
213 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
214 sg:pub.10.1007/s00239-008-9086-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049340324
215 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00239-008-9086-4
216 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
217 sg:pub.10.1007/s00239-008-9180-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026516149
218 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00239-008-9180-7
219 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
220 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1013892009589 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040841382
221 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1013892009589
222 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
223 sg:pub.10.1038/35054555 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038499798
224 https://doi.org/10.1038/35054555
225 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
226 sg:pub.10.1038/nature02361 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024989834
227 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02361
228 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
229 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2148-6-77 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020135520
230 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-6-77
231 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
232 sg:pub.10.1186/1741-7007-4-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048541097
233 https://doi.org/10.1186/1741-7007-4-3
234 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
235 https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1460-2075.1986.tb04464.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077183847
236 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
237 https://doi.org/10.1006/jmbi.2001.5102 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018248526
238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
239 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2004.06.018 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038223639
240 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
241 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1360-1385(02)02375-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024423526
242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
243 https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511541827.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034599978
244 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
245 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.84.3.769 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036387396
246 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
247 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.85.22.8573 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026524684
248 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
249 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.89.5.1856 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020694732
250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
251 https://doi.org/10.1079/9780851999043.0045 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1089218526
252 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
253 https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/bth352 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050086076
254 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
255 https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btm598 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052386520
256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
257 https://doi.org/10.1093/dnares/10.2.59 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003499143
258 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
259 https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msi182 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035043131
260 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
261 https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msl089 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036660444
262 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
263 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/19.5.983 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008694536
264 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
265 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/29.22.4633 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046065243
266 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
267 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkh152 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023168908
268 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
269 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkl448 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001223652
270 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
271 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkm393 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016461089
272 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
273 https://doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcm097 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041689404
274 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
275 https://doi.org/10.1101/gr.2129504 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044305984
276 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
277 https://doi.org/10.1101/gr.8.3.186 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038920266
278 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
279 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-313x.2004.02202.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016693297
280 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
281 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1558-5646.2008.00408.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035130172
282 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
283 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6968.1999.tb13575.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020936444
284 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
285 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.255.5052.1697 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062543691
286 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
287 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ge.19.120185.001545 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017300352
288 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
289 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.genet.32.1.437 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039717539
290 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
291 https://doi.org/10.1640/0002-8444(2007)97[95:tcpgso]2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006115360
292 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
293 https://doi.org/10.2307/1547809 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069536409
294 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
295 https://doi.org/10.2307/2419712 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069923020
296 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
297 https://doi.org/10.2307/25065646 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069952587
298 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
299 https://doi.org/10.3732/ajb.91.10.1582 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024578488
300 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
301 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12981.33 schema:alternateName Sun Yat-sen University
302 schema:name State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, 510275, Guangzhou, PR China
303 rdf:type schema:Organization
304 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.458515.8 schema:alternateName Wuhan Botanical Garden
305 schema:name Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 430074, Wuhan, Hubei, PR China
306 rdf:type schema:Organization
307 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9227.e schema:alternateName Chinese Academy of Sciences
308 schema:name Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100039, Beijing, PR China
309 Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 430074, Wuhan, Hubei, PR China
310 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...