Birth and initial developments of experiments with resonant detectors searching for gravitational waves View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2016-10-06

AUTHORS

G. Pizzella

ABSTRACT

A history of the experiments for the search of gravitational waves, with emphasis on the experiments made by the Rome group, is given. The search for gravitational waves was initiated by the brilliant scientific acumen of Joseph Weber. In this paper we start from the early times of the resonant detectors at room temperature and continue with the cryogenic resonant detectors: STANFORD, ALLEGRO, AURIGA, EXPLORER, NAUTILUS and NIOBE. These cryogenic detectors reached a sensitivity able to observe gravitational waves generated by the conversion of about 0.001 solar masses in the Galaxy. This was an improvement by a factor of a few thousand in energy with respect to the early room temperature experiments. No clear signals due to gravitational waves have been observed with this technique. This research, that has lasted four decades, has paved the way to the more sensitive detectors for gravitational waves, the long-arm laser interferometers, which announced, on February 12th 2016, the first observation of gravitational waves. More... »

PAGES

267-302

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 1978-11. Data analysis algorithms for gravitational-wave experiments in IL NUOVO CIMENTO C
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  • 1983-10. Acoustic detection of superheavy monopoles in gravitational antennas in LETTERE AL NUOVO CIMENTO (1971-1985)
  • 1980-07. Information on the operation of theM = 389 kg gravitational-wave antenna of the Roma group at an effective noise temperature ofTweff = 0.3 K in LETTERE AL NUOVO CIMENTO (1971-1985)
  • 2016-07-30. New analysis for the correlation between gravitational wave and neutrino detectors during SN1987A in EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL C
  • 1989-01-01. Analysis of the data recorded by the Mont Blanc neutrino detector and by the Maryland and Rome gravitational-wave detectors during SN1987A in IL NUOVO CIMENTO C
  • 1991-11. Correlation between the Maryland and Rome gravitational-wave detectors and the Mont Blanc, Kamioka and IMB particle detectors during SN 1987 A in IL NUOVO CIMENTO B (1971-1996)
  • 1991-03. Coincidences among the data recorded by the baksan, kamioka and mont blanc underground neutrino detectors, and by the Maryland and Rome gravitational-wave detectors during Supernova 1987 A in IL NUOVO CIMENTO C
  • 1976-06. The Munich gravitational-wave detector in IL NUOVO CIMENTO B (1971-1996)
  • 1986-07. Preliminary results on the operation of a 2270 kg cryogenic gravitational-wave antenna with a resonant capacitive transducer and a d.c. SQUID amplifier in IL NUOVO CIMENTO C
  • 1991-03. Evaluation and preliminary measurement of the interaction of a dynamical gravitational near field with a cryogenic gravitational wave antenna in ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR PHYSIK C PARTICLES AND FIELDS
  • 1973-12. Search for Short Bursts of Gravitational Radiation in NATURE
  • 1981-05. Matching of transducers to resonant gravitational-wave antennas in IL NUOVO CIMENTO C
  • 1972-06. An improved detector of gravitational radiation in GENERAL RELATIVITY AND GRAVITATION
  • 1975-07. Gravitational-radiation experiments in LA RIVISTA DEL NUOVO CIMENTO (1971-1977)
  • 1984-12. Nuclearites—a novel form of cosmic radiation in NATURE
  • 1986-03. Estimate of the background of a gravitational-wave detector due to cosmic rays in IL NUOVO CIMENTO C
  • 1985-05. An experimental apparatus for studying the background of gravitational-wave antennas and its correlation with geophysical phenomena in IL NUOVO CIMENTO C
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1140/epjh/e2016-70036-8

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    DIMENSIONS

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