Similarities between the t-J and Hubbard models in weakly correlated regimes View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2002-07

AUTHORS

M.-B. Lepetit, M.-L. Doublet, Ph. Maurel

ABSTRACT

We present a comparative study of the Hubbard and t - J models far away from half-filling. We show that, at such fillings the t - J Hamiltonian can be seen as an effective model of the repulsive Hubbard Hamiltonian over the whole range of correlation strength. Indeed, the | t/U| ∈\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}\end{document}0, + ∞\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}\end{document} range of the Hubbard model can be mapped onto the finite range | J/t| ∈\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}\end{document}2, 0\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}\end{document} of the t - J model, provided that the effective exchange parameter J is defined variationally as the local singlet-triplet excitation energy. In this picture the uncorrelated limit U = 0 is associated with the super-symmetric point J = - 2| t| and the infinitely correlated U = + ∞ limit with the usual J = 0 limit. A numerical comparison between the two models is presented using different macroscopic and microscopic properties such as energies, charge gaps and bond orders on a quarter-filled infinite chain. The usage of the t - J Hamiltonian in low-filled systems can therefore be a good alternative to the Hubbard model in large time-consuming calculations. More... »

PAGES

49-54

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1140/epjb/e2002-00198-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1140/epjb/e2002-00198-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047257275


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