Effect of Reforestation on Microbiological Activity of Postagrogenic Soils in European Russia View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-12

AUTHORS

I. N. Kurganova, V. O. Lopes de Gerenyu, A. S. Mostovaya, L. A. Ovsepyan, V. M. Telesnina, V. I. Lichko, Yu. I. Baeva

ABSTRACT

We have studied the microbiological activity of postagrogenic soddy–podzolic, gray, and dark gray forest soils representing succession stages of natural reforestation on former agricultural lands in various forest zones. The chosen succession chronoseries of postagrogenic soils are uniform and include arable soil, abandoned lands of various ages, and forest cenoses. The content of organic carbon (Corg) and total nitrogen (N), pH, water holding capacity (WHC), basal respiration (Vbasal), microbial biomass carbon (Cmic), and ecophysiological parameters of the status of microbial communities (metabolic coefficient qCO2; the Cmic: Corg ratio, and specific rate of basal respiration calculated as the Vbasal: Corg ratio) are determined in mixed soil samples taken from 0–10 and 10–20 cm layers. It has been revealed that the transformation of arable soils into abandoned lands constantly occupied by meadow or forest vegetation usually results in the progressive accumulation of organic carbon in the 0–10-cm layer. This causes more active soil respiration and a significant increase in the pool of microbial carbon. Parallel to this, the processes of podzol formation upon the development of forest vegetation result in a pronounced increase in acidity in the 10–20 cm layer, which causes a decrease in Vbasal and Cmic in soils of forest cenosis. For all the studied chronoseries of postagrogenic soils, the correlation between microbiological parameters (Vbasal and Cmic) and the general soil properties (Corg, N, and WHC) is the closest. The following factors (in decreasing order) exert effect on the dynamics of all the studied properties at postagrogenic evolution: forest zone/soil type > age of abandoned land ˜ depth in the arable layer. More... »

PAGES

704-718

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2008-12-17. Assessment and prediction of changes in the reserves of organic carbon in abandoned soils of European Russia in 1990–2020 in EURASIAN SOIL SCIENCE
  • 2012-03. Influence of fallen plant leaves on biological activity of post-agrogenic soils of southern taiga in MOSCOW UNIVERSITY SOIL SCIENCE BULLETIN
  • 2013-09-17. Changes in soil respiration in the course of the postagrogenic succession on sandy soils in the southern taiga zone in EURASIAN SOIL SCIENCE
  • 2011-10-13. Postagrogenic transformation of organic matter in soddy-podzolic soils in EURASIAN SOIL SCIENCE
  • 2010-04-26. Dynamics of carbon pools in post-agrogenic sandy soils of southern taiga of Russia in CARBON BALANCE AND MANAGEMENT
  • 2016-01-06. Specific features of the morphology and chemical properties of coarse-textured postagrogenic soils of the southern taiga, Kostroma oblast in EURASIAN SOIL SCIENCE
  • Identifiers

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s1995425518070089

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/s1995425518070089

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    26 schema:description We have studied the microbiological activity of postagrogenic soddy–podzolic, gray, and dark gray forest soils representing succession stages of natural reforestation on former agricultural lands in various forest zones. The chosen succession chronoseries of postagrogenic soils are uniform and include arable soil, abandoned lands of various ages, and forest cenoses. The content of organic carbon (Corg) and total nitrogen (N), pH, water holding capacity (WHC), basal respiration (Vbasal), microbial biomass carbon (Cmic), and ecophysiological parameters of the status of microbial communities (metabolic coefficient qCO2; the Cmic: Corg ratio, and specific rate of basal respiration calculated as the Vbasal: Corg ratio) are determined in mixed soil samples taken from 0–10 and 10–20 cm layers. It has been revealed that the transformation of arable soils into abandoned lands constantly occupied by meadow or forest vegetation usually results in the progressive accumulation of organic carbon in the 0–10-cm layer. This causes more active soil respiration and a significant increase in the pool of microbial carbon. Parallel to this, the processes of podzol formation upon the development of forest vegetation result in a pronounced increase in acidity in the 10–20 cm layer, which causes a decrease in Vbasal and Cmic in soils of forest cenosis. For all the studied chronoseries of postagrogenic soils, the correlation between microbiological parameters (Vbasal and Cmic) and the general soil properties (Corg, N, and WHC) is the closest. The following factors (in decreasing order) exert effect on the dynamics of all the studied properties at postagrogenic evolution: forest zone/soil type > age of abandoned land ˜ depth in the arable layer.
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    33 European Russia
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    43 arable soils
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