Generation of blast waves in a channel by nonideal detonation of aluminum-enriched high-density compositions View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2009-10

AUTHORS

A. A. Sulimov, A. A. Borisov, B. S. Ermolaev, M. K. Sukoyan, V. E. Khrapovskii, P. V. Komissarov

ABSTRACT

The results of experimental studies of the nonideal detonation of high-density, high-energy aluminum-ammonium perchlorate-organic fuel-HE compositions and of the blast waves it generates in a channel filled with air are presented. Aluminum-enriched compositions have high densities (up to 2 g/cm3) and high heats of explosion, nearly twice that for TNT. The studies were performed to work out scientific fundamentals of controlling nonideal detonation and to explore the possibility of creating new high-energy high-density formulations with an enhanced fugacity effect. The factors that enable controlling the nonideal detonation of such charges were determined. It was demonstrated that, at RDX contents above 15%, the detonation velocity increases linearly with the charge density while the critical detonation diameter decreases. Adjusting the density, HE content, ratio of the components makes it possible to vary the detonation velocity in high-density charges over a wide range, from 4 to 7 km/s. The experimental data were compared to the thermodynamically calculated velocity of ideal detonation. For the compositions under study, the pressure- time histories of the blast wave generated in a cylindrical tube by the expanding detonation products at different distances from the charge were measured. The results were compared to analogous data obtained under the same conditions for the detonation of the same mass of TNT (100 g). The parameters of blast waves generated by the test compositions are markedly superior to those characteristic of TNT: the pressure at the leading front of the wave and pressure impulse at a given distance from the charge were found to be 1.5–2.0 (or even more) times those observed for TNT. The TNT equivalency at pressures 30–60 atm has similar values. The TNT equivalencies in pressure and pressure impulse depend nonmonotonically on the distance from the charge, so far unclear why. It was established that the interaction between excess fuel and air oxygen during the expansion of detonation products contributes little to supporting the blast wave. More... »

PAGES

789-797

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s1990793109050133

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/s1990793109050133

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028469382


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