Formation of river terraces in conditions of high seismicity View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-01

AUTHORS

S. A. Makarov, Yu. V. Ryzhov, D. V. Kobylkin, T. G. Ryashchenko

ABSTRACT

We have investigated the river terraces on the left bank of the Irkut river in the Torskaya depression a short distance from the village of Guzhiry. On the basis of lithological-geological findings and radiocarbon datings of buried soils from two sections of the second terrace (12–14 m), we identified nine formation stages of the terrace in the latter half of the Late Neopleistocene and in the Holocene. They reflect multiple changes of the leading exogenous process, implying a variety of the genetic types of deposits (soils, and aeolian and alluvial sediments) during the Early and Mid-Holocene. The formation stages of alluvium are correlated with periods of high water. It is found that the final transition of alluvial to cover deposits is associated with incision of the river to 2–4 m and is dated to 5.2–4.5 cal. ka. We examine the alternation of the natural factors for the formation of deposits of the second terrace of the Irkut river in the Late Neopleistocene and Holocene. One (hydroclimatic) factor implies accumulation of deposits of the alluvial and cover complex depending on climate and water runoff fluctuations, landscape changes, and on variation in the base level of erosion. The other (seismic) factor is correlated with data on high activity of the Tory paleoseismogenic structure, which seems to have caused the lowering as well as the rise of the bottom of the depression at the time of strong earthquakes and, as a consequence, erosion or accumulation of deposits of the channel facies of alluvium. It is established that the chief causes for the change of the terrace’s deposit types were the natural-climatic changes, the character and directedness of tectonic movements, the variations in the base levels of erosion, and the height of floo ds. More... »

PAGES

64-70

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s1875372816010091

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/s1875372816010091

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032174786


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