Regionalization of the West Siberian Plain from thermal regime of soils View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2015-07

AUTHORS

I. E. Trofimova, A. S. Balybina

ABSTRACT

On the basis of analyzing long-term data from meteorological stations located on the West Siberian Plain, we carried out a classification of the thermal regime of the soil-ground layer 3.2 m in thickness as well as a regionalization of the territory from this attribute. It was found that the summertime thermal conditions of the entire soil layer showed a clearly pronounced latitudinal-zonal distribution corresponding to a gradual rise in temperature from north (Arctic tundra) to south (steppe). Also, a slight summertime warming of soils in the tundra was recorded to a depth of 1‒1.2 m. The lower soil layers are characterized by sub-zero temperatures. Relatively high above-zero temperatures in the steppe encompass almost the entire soil profile. The distribution of wintertime thermal conditions is somewhat different. Further to the north and south of the middle and southern taiga and the subtaiga which are characterized by moderately cold thermal conditions, a cooling of the soil-ground layer is enhanced, which corresponds to the distribution patterns of snow thickness. Very low sub-zero temperatures are typical for the tundra and forest-tundra. Seasonal freezing in these areas merges with permafrost. In the forest-steppe and steppe, relatively high temperatures penetrate to depths of 1‒2 m. Above-zero temperature occurs further down the soil profile. It reaches 2‒3°C at a depth of 3.2 m. An important feature of the spatial differentiation of the summer and winter thermal regimes are the equal or similar values of the indicators for the middle and southern taiga and the subtaiga. More... »

PAGES

234-244

References to SciGraph publications

Journal

TITLE

Geography and Natural Resources

ISSUE

3

VOLUME

36

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s1875372815030038

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/s1875372815030038

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024971544


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