The experience of using the rock magnetic methods for assessing the prospects of magnetic exploration in the territory of archaeological ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-11

AUTHORS

G. G. Matasova, A. Yu. Kazansky, O. A. Pozdnyakova

ABSTRACT

The results of studying the magnetic properties of the components of the natural environment of the Barabinsk forest steppe accommodating the archaeological monuments dated to VI century B.C. to II century A.D. are presented. The rock magnetic model is constructed for a two-layer medium composed of modern soil and an underlying blanket substratum deposits (clay loam, sandy loam, sand). It is shown that the magnetism of the humic horizon of the soil depends on the topographic position and soil type, whereas the magnetic characteristics of the underlying substratum deposits are persistent throughout the studied territory. The ratio of the magnetic susceptibilities of the humus horizon to the substratum is K = 3–6 for the automorphic soil, K = 1–2.5 for semihydromorphic soil, and K = 0.8–1.0 for hydromorphic soil. Based on subdividing the studied territory in accordance with the values of K and the calculated amplitudes of the microanomalies of the magnetic field, the areas where application of the magnetic survey is highly promising, moderately efficient, and unpromising are outlined. The particular cases of the absence of magnetic anomalies above the archaeological objects, the false anomalies, and the chaotic patterns of the low-amplitude anomalies—all the situations when the magnetic survey is inefficient—are explained from the standpoint of the model. More... »

PAGES

869-883

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s1069351316060070

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/s1069351316060070

DIMENSIONS

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