Major earthquakes of the southern Gornyi Altai in the Holocene View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2008-06-12

AUTHORS

E. A. Rogozhin, A. N. Ovsyuchenko, A. V. Marakhanov

ABSTRACT

The paper describes geological and geomorphological features of ancient major earthquakes that occurred in the Holocene in the zone of the Altai earthquake of September 27, 2003 (southern Gornyi Altai). Fossil earthquakes occurred in the regions of the Northern and Southern Chuya ridges and Chuya and Kurai basins; their sources reached the surface and formed systems of coseismic ruptures oriented SE-NW or E-W. Secondary (gravitational and vibrational) paleoseismic deformations were represented by rockfalls, landslides, and gryphons in near-field zones of these paleoevents. They were spread in an area of about 2000–2500 km2 coinciding, on the whole, with the position of source zones. Paleoseismogeological investigations showed that, apart from earthquakes of the 20th and 21st centuries, eight seismic events with magnitudes M = 7.0–8.0 occurred in the region over the last 8500 years. Ancient strong earthquakes that produced the observed paleoseismic ruptures occurred approximately 230–300, 1000, 1700, 2300, 3500, 4500, 5200, and 8500 years ago. Therefore, the recurrence interval averaged 1400 yr for earthquakes with a magnitude of about 7.0 and 2100 yr for events with a magnitude of about 7.5. More... »

PAGES

469-486

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2006-02. The source and aftershocks of the Altai (Chuya) earthquake of 2003 in IZVESTIYA, PHYSICS OF THE SOLID EARTH
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s1069351308060037

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/s1069351308060037

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