Effect of salting-out agents on nitric acid distribution between liquid and vapor in the course of evaporation of nitric acid ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-03

AUTHORS

D. V. Ryabkov, B. Ya. Zilberman, E. A. Puzikov, E. V. Andreeva, N. E. Mishina, A. G. Vodkailo

ABSTRACT

The database on the influence of concentrations of salting-out agents with different cation valence (Li+, Na+, K+, Cs+, NH4+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Cu2+, Zn2+, Al3+, Fe3+, La3+, Pu4+, UO22+ nitrates) and of H2SO4 on the HNO3 distribution between liquid and vapor at atmospheric pressure was verified and expanded by performing equilibrium evaporation experiments in an evaporator without reflux with circulation of the bottoms. This equilibrium can be described by the equation (where is the total concentration of nitrate ions in aqueous solution), taking into account partial binding of water due to hydration of the salting-out agent and apparent hydrolysis of polyvalent cations, and also incomplete dissociation of sulfuric acid. The suggested model is valid at from 3 to 16 M (azeotrope); at , Raoult’s law is observed (αH = const), which is confirmed by a number of examples. In this model, the additivity of the properties of the salting- out agents, taking into account the concentration of “free” water, is assumed, which allows calculation of the composition of the bottoms and distillate when evaporating waste of any composition from radiochemical plants. More... »

PAGES

149-158

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s1066362216020077

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/s1066362216020077

DIMENSIONS

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