Specific features of determination of the net production of nitrous oxide by soils View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2015-06-17

AUTHORS

N. D. Ananyeva, K. V. Ivashchenko, E. V. Stolnikova, A. L. Stepanov, V. N. Kudeyarov

ABSTRACT

The rate of the net nitrous oxide (N2O) production, the content of microbial biomass carbon (Cmic), and its portion in the total soil organic carbon (Corg) were determined in the samples from podzol, soddy-podzolic soils, gray forest soils, chernozems, burozems, and carbolithozems of natural, arable, and fallow ecosystems in Kostroma, Vladimir, Moscow, Kaluga, Voronezh oblasts, and Krasnodar region. The most sustainable N2O production was found in the soils enriched with glucose or its mixture with ammonium sulfate at 22°C upon the preliminary incubation of the soil samples (7 days, 60% of water holding capacity). In the profiles of forest soils, a direct correlation was found between the N2O production and the Cmic content (r = 0.74, p ≤ 0.05, n = 18). In the upper mineral layers (0–10 cm) of soddy-podzolic soils of the cropland, fallow, young, secondary and native forests, the inverse relationship between the N2O production and the Cmic content (r = −0.75, p ≤ 0.05, n = 6) was observed. In a series of the fallowed, cultivated, and forest soils, the net N2O production decreased (239, 69, and 38 ng N2O-N × 10−3/g per h), and the Cmic content and Cmic: Corg ratio increased (181, 569, and 1020 μg C/g; 1.4, 2.6, and 3.0%, respectively) attesting to the increasing N2O flux in the anthropogenically transformed ecosystems. The application of cycloheximide (20–50 mg/g) to the soil lowered the N2O production by 69–99%, which pointed to a significant contribution of fungi to this process. An approach to separate nitrification and denitrification in the soil using low concentrations of acetylene (1.8 Pa) was proposed. The conditions of preparation of the soil samples for sustainable detection of N2O production were specified. It was shown that this process is tightly related to the soil microbial biomass and its fungal component. More... »

PAGES

608-619

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 1988-04. Relationships between soil moisture content and nitrous oxide production during nitrification and denitrification in BIOLOGY AND FERTILITY OF SOILS
  • 2009-03-31. Microclimate and forest management alter fungal-to-bacterial ratio and N2O-emission during rewetting in the forest floor and mineral soil of mountainous beech forests in BIOGEOCHEMISTRY
  • 1988-01. Rates and pathways of nitrous oxide production in a shortgrass steppe in BIOGEOCHEMISTRY
  • 2009-09-12. Microbial biomass carbon and the microbial carbon dioxide production by soddy-podzolic soils in postagrogenic biogeocenoses and in native spruce forests of the southern taiga (Kostroma oblast) in EURASIAN SOIL SCIENCE
  • 2010-05-26. Fungal to bacterial biomass ratio in the forests soil profile in BIOLOGY BULLETIN
  • 1998-10. Closing the global N2O budget: nitrous oxide emissions through the agricultural nitrogen cycle in NUTRIENT CYCLING IN AGROECOSYSTEMS
  • 1998-07. Influence of different agricultural practices (type of crop, form of N-fertilizer) on soil nitrous oxide emissions in BIOLOGY AND FERTILITY OF SOILS
  • 1984-12. Effects of streptomycin, cycloheximide, Fungizone, captan, carbofuran, cygon, and PCNB on soil microorganisms in MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • 1998-05. Effect of cycloheximide on N2O and NO3– production in a forest and an agricultural soil in BIOLOGY AND FERTILITY OF SOILS
  • 2000-12. Soil layer-specific variability in net nitrification and denitrification in an acid coniferous forest in BIOLOGY AND FERTILITY OF SOILS
  • 1996-06. Contributions from different microbial processes to N2O emission from soil under different moisture regimes in BIOLOGY AND FERTILITY OF SOILS
  • 2000-03. Inventory of nitrous oxide emissions from agriculture in Belgium – calculations according to the revised 1996 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change guidelines in BIOLOGY AND FERTILITY OF SOILS
  • 2005-10. Carbon Sequestration in Arable Soils is Likely to Increase Nitrous Oxide Emissions, Offsetting Reductions in Climate Radiative Forcing in CLIMATIC CHANGE
  • 2000-10. Responses of nitrous oxide, dinitrogen and carbon dioxide production and oxygen consumption to temperature in forest and agricultural light-textured soils determined by model experiment in BIOLOGY AND FERTILITY OF SOILS
  • 1998-11. Field method to determine N2O emission from nitrification and denitrification in BIOLOGY AND FERTILITY OF SOILS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s1064229315060022

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/s1064229315060022

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045447907


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    26 schema:description The rate of the net nitrous oxide (N2O) production, the content of microbial biomass carbon (Cmic), and its portion in the total soil organic carbon (Corg) were determined in the samples from podzol, soddy-podzolic soils, gray forest soils, chernozems, burozems, and carbolithozems of natural, arable, and fallow ecosystems in Kostroma, Vladimir, Moscow, Kaluga, Voronezh oblasts, and Krasnodar region. The most sustainable N2O production was found in the soils enriched with glucose or its mixture with ammonium sulfate at 22°C upon the preliminary incubation of the soil samples (7 days, 60% of water holding capacity). In the profiles of forest soils, a direct correlation was found between the N2O production and the Cmic content (r = 0.74, p ≤ 0.05, n = 18). In the upper mineral layers (0–10 cm) of soddy-podzolic soils of the cropland, fallow, young, secondary and native forests, the inverse relationship between the N2O production and the Cmic content (r = −0.75, p ≤ 0.05, n = 6) was observed. In a series of the fallowed, cultivated, and forest soils, the net N2O production decreased (239, 69, and 38 ng N2O-N × 10−3/g per h), and the Cmic content and Cmic: Corg ratio increased (181, 569, and 1020 μg C/g; 1.4, 2.6, and 3.0%, respectively) attesting to the increasing N2O flux in the anthropogenically transformed ecosystems. The application of cycloheximide (20–50 mg/g) to the soil lowered the N2O production by 69–99%, which pointed to a significant contribution of fungi to this process. An approach to separate nitrification and denitrification in the soil using low concentrations of acetylene (1.8 Pa) was proposed. The conditions of preparation of the soil samples for sustainable detection of N2O production were specified. It was shown that this process is tightly related to the soil microbial biomass and its fungal component.
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    35 Corg ratio
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    38 Krasnodar region
    39 Moscow
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    43 Voronezh oblast
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    46 application of cycloheximide
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