Analysis of ecological factors limiting the destruction of high-moor peat View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2014-03

AUTHORS

T. G. Dobrovol’skaya, A. V. Golovchenko, D. G. Zvyagintsev

ABSTRACT

This review presents an analysis of literature data and original studies by the authors aimed at revealing the factors inhibiting the destruction of high-moor (oligotrophic) peat. Each of the ecological factors that prevent the decomposition of the high-moor peat by different groups of microorganisms is considered. The acid reaction, low temperatures, and lack of nutrients were found not to be the primary factors inhibiting the destruction of the peat. The limited content of oxygen in the peatbogs leads to a drastic decrease in the number of mycelial microorganisms and a reduction of the activity of hydrolytic and oxidizing enzymes. The main factor inhibiting the decomposition of sphagnum is its mechanical and chemical stability, since animals crushing sphagnum are absent in the soil, and this moss has polysaccharides of special composition. The toxicity of phenol compounds, which is manifested under the aerobic conditions, prevents the activity of all the hydrolytic enzymes. This is the main reason for the slow decomposition of sphagnum peat and the long-term preservation of the residues of bodies and food in high-moor peatlands. More... »

PAGES

182-193

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Eurasian Soil Science

    ISSUE

    3

    VOLUME

    47

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s106422931403003x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/s106422931403003x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035267080


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    258 schema:name Faculty of Soil Science, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991, Moscow, Russia
    259 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




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