Identification of paramagnetic nitrogen centers (P1) in diamond crystallites synthesized via the sintering of detonation nanodiamonds at high pressure and ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-06-11

AUTHORS

V. Yu. Osipov, F. M. Shakhov, N. N. Efimov, V. V. Minin, S. V. Kidalov, A. Ya. Vul’

ABSTRACT

Diamond single crystals synthesized from powder detonation nanodiamonds (DNDs) by means of treatment at high pressures (P ~ 7 GPa) and temperatures (T > 1300°C) have been studied by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). A key feature of treatment (high-pressure high–temperature (HPHT) sintering) is the use of low molecular weight alcohols in the process. The appearance of a hyperfine EPR signal structure due to “paramagnetic nitrogen” (P1 centers) is explained by the growth of submicron and micron diamond single crystals from DND nanocrystals by the oriented attachment and coalescence mechanism. Such growth and coarsening of crystals appreciably decreases the concentration of paramagnetic centers, the presence of which hinders the detection of a hyperfine structure in the EPR signal from P1 centers, in the near-surface areas of coalesced and grown together DND particles. It has been shown that the concentration of paramagnetic defects of all types decreases to ~3.1 × 1018 g–1 (~60 ppm) during HPHT treatment at T = 1650°C. This causes the successful identification of P1 centers, whose fraction is no less than ~40% of the total amount of paramagnetic centers in microcrystals synthesized by HPHT sintering. More... »

PAGES

1146-1153

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s1063783417060191

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/s1063783417060191

DIMENSIONS

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