Structural and Functional Analysis of Pyrimidine Nucleoside Phosphorylases of the NP-I and NP-II Families in Complexes with 6-Methyluracil View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-05

AUTHORS

I. I. Prokofev, A. A. Lashkov, A. G. Gabdulkhakov, V. V. Balaev, A. S. Mironov, C. Betzel, A. M. Mikhailov

ABSTRACT

The structure of bacterial uridine phosphorylase (UPh) belonging to the NP-I family in complex with 6-methyluracil was determined for the first time at 1.17 Å resolution. The structural features of bacterial UPh from the bacterium Vibrio cholerae (VchUPh) responsible for selectivity toward 6-methyluracil acting as a pseudosubstrate were revealed. The repulsion between the hydrophilic hydroxyl group of the active-site residue Thr93 of VchUPh and the hydrophobic methyl group of 6-methyluracil prevents the oxygen atom O4' of the ribose moiety and the phosphate oxygen atom O3P of ribose 1-phosphate from forming hydrogen bonds with OG1_Thr93, which are essential for the enzymatic reaction. This, apparently, makes VchUPh inactive in the enzymatic synthesis of 6-methyluridine from 6-methyluracil. Hence, Thr93 is the residue, the modification of which will allow VchUPh to catalyze the biotechnologically important synthesis of 6-methyluridine from 6-methyluracil. Taking into account high structural homology of the functionally significant regions of bacterial UPhs, this conclusion is also true for other bacterial UPhs. It was demonstrated that bacterial thymidine phosphorylases of the NP-II family cannot bind 6-methyluracil in a proper conformation required for the catalysis because of a close contact between the 6-methyl group and Phe210. More... »

PAGES

418-427

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s1063774518030239

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/s1063774518030239

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104345370


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46 schema:description The structure of bacterial uridine phosphorylase (UPh) belonging to the NP-I family in complex with 6-methyluracil was determined for the first time at 1.17 Å resolution. The structural features of bacterial UPh from the bacterium Vibrio cholerae (VchUPh) responsible for selectivity toward 6-methyluracil acting as a pseudosubstrate were revealed. The repulsion between the hydrophilic hydroxyl group of the active-site residue Thr93 of VchUPh and the hydrophobic methyl group of 6-methyluracil prevents the oxygen atom O4' of the ribose moiety and the phosphate oxygen atom O3P of ribose 1-phosphate from forming hydrogen bonds with OG1_Thr93, which are essential for the enzymatic reaction. This, apparently, makes VchUPh inactive in the enzymatic synthesis of 6-methyluridine from 6-methyluracil. Hence, Thr93 is the residue, the modification of which will allow VchUPh to catalyze the biotechnologically important synthesis of 6-methyluridine from 6-methyluracil. Taking into account high structural homology of the functionally significant regions of bacterial UPhs, this conclusion is also true for other bacterial UPhs. It was demonstrated that bacterial thymidine phosphorylases of the NP-II family cannot bind 6-methyluracil in a proper conformation required for the catalysis because of a close contact between the 6-methyl group and Phe210.
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