Chemodynamical evolution of gas near an expanding HII region View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2009-07-18

AUTHORS

M. S. Kirsanova, D. S. Wiebe, A. M. Sobolev

ABSTRACT

A self-consistent model for the chemical-dynamical evolution of a region of ionized hydrogen around a massive young star and of the surrounding molecular gas is presented. The model includes all main chemical and physical processes, namely the photoionization of atomic hydrogen, photodissociation of molecular hydrogen and other molecules, and the evaporation of molecules from the mantles of dust particles. Heating and cooling processes are taken into account in the temperature calculations, including cooling in molecular and atomic lines. The hydrodynamical equations were solved using the Zeus2D hydrodynamical software package. This model is used to analyze the expansion of a region of ionized hydrogen around massive stars (effective temperature of 30 000 and 40 000 K) in a medium with various initial density distributions. The competition between evaporation from dust mantles and the photodissociation of molecules results in the formation of a transition layer between the hot HII region and cool quiescent medium, characterized by high abundances of molecules in the gas phase. The thickness of the transition layer is different for different molecules. Since there is a velocity gradient along the transition layer, and the maxima in the distributions of different molecules are at different distances from the star, observations of molecular emission lines should reveal distinction in shifts of lines of different molecules relative to the velocity of the quiescent gas. Such shifts have indeed been detected during molecular observations of the region of ionized hydrogen Sh2-235. For an initial gas density of 103 cm−3, the increase in the abundances of H2O and H2CO in the transition layer after desorption from dust occurs gradually rather than in a jump-like fashion; therefore, the concept of a “evaporation front” can be used only formally. In addition, the distances between the evaporation fronts for different molecules are significant. At higher initial gas densities (104 cm−3), sharp evaporation fronts are formed for the different molecules, which are close to each other and to the shock front. In this case, it is possible to speak of a single evaporation front for CO, H2O, and H2CO. More... »

PAGES

611-633

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2001-05-01. Spherical episodic ejection of material from a young star in NATURE
  • 1988. Photodissociation and Photoionization Processes in RATE COEFFICIENTS IN ASTROCHEMISTRY
  • 2000-07. Structure and Stability of Ionization Fronts in ASTROPHYSICS AND SPACE SCIENCE
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s106377290907004x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/s106377290907004x

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    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022032051


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