Optimum Shapes of Elastic Bodies: Equistrong Wings of Aircrafts and Equistrong Underground Tunnels View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2015-10

AUTHORS

G. P. Cherepanov

ABSTRACT

Since the times of Plato (424?-347 BC) and Aristotle (384-322 BC), the form has been considered as a fundamental notion of not only the physical universe, but also the spiritual world. The forms and perfect shapes are like jewels in the rock—their search and discovery make up the highest delight to human beings. This is what constituted the motive and driving force of science and scientists beginning from Pythagoras (ca. 570-ca. 500 BC), Archimedes (ca. 287-ca. 212 BC), Euclid (ca. 330-ca. 260 BC) and all that came after. In the introduction to the present article, a brief account of Plato’s theory of forms and Aristotle’s addition to this theory are given; the theory of optimum shapes of elastic bodies can be considered as a footnote to the Plato’s theory. In the framework of the theory of elasticity, the optimal shape of a body is the shape that meets the principle of equal strength or equistrength advanced by this author in 1963. According to this principle, the safety criterion like ultimate or failure stress is simultaneously satisfied in the utmost part of the body—this body or structure is called equistrong in this case. The equistrong structure has a minimum weight for a given material and safety factor, or a maximum safety factor for a given material and weight. As distinct from traditional problems, there are no existence theorems for equistrong shapes—a success in their search depends on skills of a researcher. In the present paper, a summary of common equistrong shapes and structural elements is brought out, namely: equistrong cable of bathysphere, equistrong tower or skyscraper, equistrong beam by Galileo Galilei, equistrong rotating disk, equistrong heavy chain, equistrong pressure vessels, equistrong arcs, plates and shells, equistrong underground tunnels, equistrong perforated plates, and others. A variety of the swept wings of aircrafts is found out to be equistrong; the front and rear edges of such wings are rectilinear in the plan view, and their chord in the flight direction depends on the task of an aircraft; the equistrong design exists for any task, from transport aviation to hypersonic jet fighters. Some new equistrong shapes of elastic solids with any number of infinite branches being pulled out of a body are also discovered for plane strain and plane stress. More... »

PAGES

391-401

Journal

TITLE

Physical Mesomechanics

ISSUE

4

VOLUME

18

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s1029959915040116

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/s1029959915040116

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025947193


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