Nitric acid purification from admixtures of volatile acids by fractionation during waste evaporation at a spent nuclear fuel reprocessing company View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2012-07

AUTHORS

B. Ya. Zilberman, M. N. Makarychev-Mikhailov, D. V. Ryabkov, A. Yu. Shadrin, E. A. Puzikov, V. F. Gorn, A. S. Skobtsov, V. K. Koltyshev, I. B. Ivanov

ABSTRACT

We present the results of the computer simulation of a method for better purification of nitric acid from HF and CH3COOH admixtures by creating a stripping section in the fractionation column with HNO3 scrubbing and by the feeding of a parasitic water flow to the bottom section. The production column in the evaporator section of the RT-1 plant at the PA “Mayak” was upgraded using the calculation results and test trials on real process high-level waste were performed, which made it possible to improve the purification of regenerated 12 mol/L HNO3 from HF and simultaneously from HCl by a factor of 3–5. The specification figures for three flowsheet of nitric acid regeneration that were used at different times since 1979 for commercial purification from halogens and radioactive contaminants were compared. More... »

PAGES

390-394

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2011-08. Liquid-vapor distribution of acids in HNO3-H2O and HNO3-H2O-HA systems in evaporators in THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s0040579511050204

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/s0040579511050204

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008823786


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