Effect of strengthening friction treatment on the chemical composition, structure, and tribological properties of a high-carbon steel View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2010-11

AUTHORS

A. V. Makarov, L. G. Korshunov, V. B. Vykhodets, T. E. Kurennykh, R. A. Savrai

ABSTRACT

The structure and chemical composition of nanocrystalline layers formed on the surface of a steel U8 with 0.83 wt % C (quenched, as well as quenched and tempered at 200°C) under the conditions of frictional loading by a hard-alloy indenter in different media (gaseous and liquid nitrogen, air) have been investigated by the methods of transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, nuclear reactions, Rutherford back scattering, and wave- and energy-dispersive microanalyses. Maximum levels of defectiveness (high density of dislocations and point defects) and microhardness of the nanocrystalline structure have been attained upon friction treatment of the low-temperature tempered steel in a liquid-nitrogen medium because of deformation localization in a thin surface layer, intensification of deformation-induced dissolution of the ɛ carbide phase, and saturation of the layer with nitrogen and oxygen atoms, the latter dissolved in the liquid nitrogen as an impurity. A comparative analysis of the in-depth distribution of microhardness in frictionally strengthened surface layers has been performed for the steel with initial structures of tetragonal (untempered) and low-tempered (tempered at 200°C) martensite. A markedly larger depth of strain hardening has been attained upon friction treatment in the quenched untempered steel due to effective development of deformation-induced dynamic aging of high-carbon martensite even at small deformations. It has been established that the strengthening upon deformation of the surface by a sliding indenter exerts a positive influence on the tribological properties (wear rate and friction coefficient) of the steel under the conditions of frictional heating of different intensity. More... »

PAGES

507-521

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1976-08. Martensite decay during rolling contact fatigue in ball bearings in METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS A
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s0031918x10110116

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