Candidatus ‘Chloroploca asiatica’ gen. nov., sp. nov., a new mesophilic filamentous anoxygenic phototrophic bacterium View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2014-11

AUTHORS

V. M. Gorlenko, I. A. Bryantseva, A. M. Kalashnikov, V. A. Gaisin, M. V. Sukhacheva, D. S. Gruzdev, B. B. Kuznetsov

ABSTRACT

Five phylogenetically similar monocultures of mesophilic filamentous anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria (FAPB) were isolated from microbial mats of low-mineral (5–28 g/L) alkaline lakes in Buryat Republic, Transbaikalia and Mongolia, as well as from biofilms of an alkaline sulfide spring (3 g/L) of the Umhei hydrothermal system (Buryat Republic). New isolates were characterized by short trichomes (15–30 μm long and ∼1 μm in diameter), straight, curved, or wavy, surrounded by a thin iron-sorbing mucous sheath. Gliding motion of the trichomes was not observed. The trichomes formed bunches consisting of several filaments. Trichomes multiply by the separation of short fragments or single cells from the parental trichome. The cells in the filaments were elongated; they contained chlorosomes, gas vesicles, poly-β-hydroxybutyrate granules, and small polyphosphate inclusions. Bacteria contained bacteriochlorophylls c and a and γ-carotene. Absorption maxima of the pigments in the cells were observed at 462, (shoulder at 515), 742, 805, and 863 nm. The organisms were strict anaerobes capable of photoautotrophic growth with sulfide as an electron donor. Elemental sulfur emerged into the medium as a result of sulfide photooxidation. The organisms were tolerant to sulfide (up to 8 mM). Best growth occurred at pH 8.0, 3–15 g/L NaCl, and 1–5 g/L sodium bicarbonate. According to phylogenetic analysis, the 16S rRNA gene sequences of the FAPB isolates formed a separate cluster most closely related to the species cluster of the family Oscillochloridaceae, suborder Chloroflexinae, order Chloroflexales, class Chloroflexi. The differences with the closest 16S rRNA gene sequences of the known FAPB were 9–10%. The formal description of a new taxon, Candidatus’ Chloroploca asiatica’ gen. nov., sp. nov., is provided. More... »

PAGES

838-848

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1985-07. Heliothrix oregonensis, gen. nov., sp. nov., a phototrophic filamentous gliding bacterium containing bacteriochlorophyll a in ARCHIVES OF MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2006. The Family Chloroflexaceae in THE PROKARYOTES
  • 1994-07. Chloroflexus-like organisms from marine and hypersaline environments: Distribution and diversity in PHOTOSYNTHESIS RESEARCH
  • 2010-06. Molecular signatures for the main phyla of photosynthetic bacteria and their subgroups in PHOTOSYNTHESIS RESEARCH
  • 2005-05. The Phototrophic Community Found in Lake Khilganta (an Alkaline Saline Lake Located in the Southeastern Transbaikal Region) in MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2011-08-29. Comparative and Functional Genomics of Anoxygenic Green Bacteria from the Taxa Chlorobi, Chloroflexi, and Acidobacteria in FUNCTIONAL GENOMICS AND EVOLUTION OF PHOTOSYNTHETIC SYSTEMS
  • 2013-01. Phylogenetic framework and molecular signatures for the class Chloroflexi and its different clades; proposal for division of the class Chloroflexi class. nov. into the suborder Chloroflexineae subord. nov., consisting of the emended family Oscillochloridaceae and the family Chloroflexaceae fam. nov., and the suborder Roseiflexineae subord. nov., containing the family Roseiflexaceae fam. nov. in ANTONIE VAN LEEUWENHOEK
  • 2004-01. Phylogenetic and physiological characterization of a filamentous anoxygenic photoautotrophic bacterium ‘Candidatus Chlorothrix halophila’ gen. nov., sp. nov., recovered from hypersaline microbial mats in ARCHIVES OF MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2006-03. Phylogeny of anoxygenic filamentous phototrophic bacteria of the family Oscillochloridaceae as inferred from comparative analyses of the rrs, cbbL, and nifH genes in MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2014-07. Anoxygenic phototrophic bacteria from microbial communities of Goryachinsk thermal spring (Baikal Area, Russia) in MICROBIOLOGY
  • 1974-01. A phototrophic gliding filamentous bacterium of hot springs, Chloroflexus aurantiacus, gen. and sp. nov. in ARCHIVES OF MICROBIOLOGY
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Microbiology

    ISSUE

    6

    VOLUME

    83

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s0026261714060083

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/s0026261714060083

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028420336


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