Spirosoma xylofaga sp. nov., an oligotrophic pleomorphic bacterium from a myco-bacterial community of freshwater ecosystems View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2013-07

AUTHORS

M. V. Zaichikova, Yu. Yu. Berestovskaya, B. B. Kuznetsov, L. V. Vasil’eva

ABSTRACT

A novel aerobic bacterial strain Z-0088 was assigned to the genus Spirosoma on the basis of 16S rRNA analysis; it was isolated from a bacterial community of moderately acidic (pH 5.0) dystrophic, slightly humified water formed by xylotrophic fungi grown on decaying spruce wood. The cells are nonmotile, gramnegative, straight or curved rods, 0.5–1.5 × 1.0–6.0 μm; they may also be toroidal. The cells are usually single but can form spiral filaments containing from 4 to 13 coils; their reproduction is by division. Strain Z-0088 is an organoheterotroph utilizing xylan, inulin, xylose, sucrose, and N-acetylglucosamine as organic growth substrates. The bacterium is oligotrophic (the optimum substrate concentration is 0.5 g/L). It is characterized by high sensitivity to NaCl concentration; growth was completely suppressed at 1% NaCl. The strain grows in a pH range of 3.8–7.5 with the optimum at pH 5.5–6.5. The temperature range for growth was 13–35°C with the optimum at 28°C. The DNA G+C base content was 50.2 mol %. The ecophysiological features of strain Z-0088, such as oligotrophic, mesophilic, moderate acidophilic properties, and sensitivity to NaCl, support its designation as a representative of ombrophilic dissipotrophs. The strain is assigned to a novel species Spirosoma xylofaga sp. nov. More... »

PAGES

459-465

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s0026261713040152

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/s0026261713040152

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015709460


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