Adaptogenic functions of extracellular autoregulators of microorganisms View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2006-07

AUTHORS

G. I. El-Registan, A. L. Mulyukin, Yu. A. Nikolaev, N. E. Suzina, V. F. Gal’chenko, V. I. Duda

ABSTRACT

Information about the functions of extracellular autoregulators, which adapt microorganisms to the stresses “scheduled” in the development cycle of microbial cultures (stresses of new medium, starvation, or space exhaustion (high cell density)) is summarized in the review. In a number of bacteria and yeasts, derivatives of alkylhydroxybenzenes (AHB), particularly of the class of alkyl resorcinols, act as autoregulators with adaptogenic functions. The chemical structure of AHB determines their amphiphility; capacity for physical and chemical interaction with membrane lipids, proteins, and DNA; properties as natural modifiers of biological membranes and enzymes; and the expression of antioxidant activity. Increase of AHB concentration up to the critical level (10−5-10−4 M) results in cessation of cell division and in transition of the microbial culture to the stationary phase; further increase to 10−4-10−3 M induces a transition of some of the cells of a post-stationary culture to the anabiotic state with the formation of cystlike resting cells (CRC), even in non-spore-forming bacteria. AHB participate in the regulation of the phenotypic variability of bacteria. The dynamics of extra-and intracellular concentrations of AHB in growing microbial cultures and the polymodality of their effect determine the adaptogenic functions of AHB as autoinhibitors of culture growth, autoinducers of anabiosis, and autoinhibitors of germination of resting forms. Manifestation of any given function depends on the concentration of AHB, the physiological state of the recipient cells, and on environmental factors. The species nonspecificity of AHB effects points to their significant role in the regulation of the development and functioning of microbial communities. More... »

PAGES

380-389

References to SciGraph publications

Journal

TITLE

Microbiology

ISSUE

4

VOLUME

75

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s0026261706040035

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/s0026261706040035

DIMENSIONS

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57 schema:description Information about the functions of extracellular autoregulators, which adapt microorganisms to the stresses “scheduled” in the development cycle of microbial cultures (stresses of new medium, starvation, or space exhaustion (high cell density)) is summarized in the review. In a number of bacteria and yeasts, derivatives of alkylhydroxybenzenes (AHB), particularly of the class of alkyl resorcinols, act as autoregulators with adaptogenic functions. The chemical structure of AHB determines their amphiphility; capacity for physical and chemical interaction with membrane lipids, proteins, and DNA; properties as natural modifiers of biological membranes and enzymes; and the expression of antioxidant activity. Increase of AHB concentration up to the critical level (10−5-10−4 M) results in cessation of cell division and in transition of the microbial culture to the stationary phase; further increase to 10−4-10−3 M induces a transition of some of the cells of a post-stationary culture to the anabiotic state with the formation of cystlike resting cells (CRC), even in non-spore-forming bacteria. AHB participate in the regulation of the phenotypic variability of bacteria. The dynamics of extra-and intracellular concentrations of AHB in growing microbial cultures and the polymodality of their effect determine the adaptogenic functions of AHB as autoinhibitors of culture growth, autoinducers of anabiosis, and autoinhibitors of germination of resting forms. Manifestation of any given function depends on the concentration of AHB, the physiological state of the recipient cells, and on environmental factors. The species nonspecificity of AHB effects points to their significant role in the regulation of the development and functioning of microbial communities.
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