The effect of chlorine atoms on the charging kinetics of carbon nanoparticles forming in shock-heated plasma View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2012-11

AUTHORS

S. Ya. Bronin, A. V. Emelianov, A. V. Eremin, A. G. Khrapak

ABSTRACT

This work continues the study on the charging kinetics of soot during the formation of carbon nanoparticles in hydrogen-free systems upon the pyrolysis of carbon-containing materials behind shock waves. The experimental results and results of computer simulation of electrical charging of the carbon nanoparticles formed during the pyrolysis of CCl4 behind the shock waves are given. It is shown that the natural impurity of sodium atoms amounting to 1012–1013 cm−3 are the main source of free electrons. It is established that the time required for relaxation of the charge distribution in the gas-nanoparticle system at 15–30 bar decreases from 400 to 100 μs in a 0.5% CCl4 + Ar mixture with increasing the equilibrium temperature from 2000 to 3600 K and from 350 to 50 μs in a 5% CCl4 + Ar mixture with increasing the equilibrium temperature from 1500 to 2500 K. The equilibrium concentration of free electrons in the presence of the nanoparticles in the system decreases by one to two orders of magnitude compared to that in the system without nanoparticles. The presence of chlorine atoms in the mixture leads to a considerable decrease in the concentration of electrons in the gas-nanoparticle system and to a decrease in the concentration of charged nanoparticles. The electron kinetics in the mixtures under consideration is characterized by a high (as compared with sodium) concentration of chlorine atoms having a larger electron affinity. More... »

PAGES

687-693

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s0018151x12060016

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/s0018151x12060016

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028965703


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