Chitin/Chitosan and Its Derivatives: Fundamental Problems and Practical Approaches View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2020-01

AUTHORS

V. P. Varlamov, A. V. Il’ina, B. Ts. Shagdarova, A. P. Lunkov, I. S. Mysyakina

ABSTRACT

In this review, we present the data on the natural occurrence of chitin and its partially or fully deacetylated derivative chitosan, as well as their properties, methods of modification, and potential applications of derivatives with bactericidal, fungicidal, and antioxidant activities. The structure and physicochemical characteristics of the polymers, their functions, and features of chitin microbial synthesis and degradation, including the processes occurring in nature, are described. New data on the hydrolytic microorganisms capable of chitin degradation under extreme conditions are presented. Special attention is focused on the effect of physicochemical characteristics of chitosan, including molecular weight, degree of deacetylation, polydispersity index, and number of amino group derivatives (quaternized, succinyl, etc.) on the antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of modified polymers that can be of particular interest for biotechnology, medicine, and agriculture. Analysis of the available literature data confirms the importance of fundamental research to broaden our knowledge on the occurrence of chitin and chitosan in nature, their role in global biosphere cycles, and prospects of applied research aimed at using chitin, chitosan, and their derivatives in various aspects of human activity. More... »

PAGES

154-176

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2003-11-11. Detection and characterization of chitinases and other chitin-modifying enzymes in JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2016-03-30. Production of the low-molecular-weight chitin and chitosan forms in electron-beam plasma in HIGH ENERGY CHEMISTRY
  • 2014-07-03. Hydrolysis of chitozan with an enzyme complex from Myceliophthora sp. in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2012-07. Differences in the carbohydrate composition between the yeastlike and mycelial cells of Mucor hiemalis in MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2016-05-19. Enzymatic biocatalysis in chemical synthesis of pharmaceuticals (Review) in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2012-02. Nanoparticles based on succinylchitosan with doxorubicin: Preparation and properties in NANOBIOTECHNOLOGY REPORTS
  • 2018-01. Study of the Protective Activity of Chitosan Hydrolyzate Against Septoria Leaf Blotch of Wheat and Brown Spot of Tobacco in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2018-09. Chitosan in Biology, Microbiology, Medicine, and Agriculture in MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2006-03. Effect of the molecular weight of chitosan on its antiviral activity in plants in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2009-07-10. The use of enzymatic preparation for the production of low molecular-weight chitosan from the king crab hepatopancrease in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2000-03. Mcchs1, a Member of a Chitin Synthase Gene Family in Mucor circinelloides, Is Differentially Expressed During Dimorphism in CURRENT MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2019-07-08. Influence of the Main Characteristics of Low Weight Chitosan on the Growth of the Plant Pathogenic Fungus Botrytis сinerea in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2013-05-31. Botrytis cinerea chitin synthase BcChsVI is required for normal growth and pathogenicity in CURRENT GENETICS
  • 2018-09-14. Characterization of Chitinase Produced by the Alkaliphilic Bacillus mannanilyticus IB-OR17 B1 Strain in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2018-09-14. Antioxidant, Antimicrobial, and Fungicidal Properties of Chitosan Based Films (Review) in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2008-09-09. Obtaining and study of monosaccharide derivatives of low-molecular-weight chitosan in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2011-12-02. Fungal chitinases: diversity, mechanistic properties and biotechnological potential in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2013-08-16. How carbohydrates sculpt cells: chemical control of morphogenesis in the yeast cell wall in NATURE REVIEWS MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2007-06-23. The effect of size and acetylation degree of chitosan derivatives on tobacco plant protection against Phytophthora parasitica nicotianae in WORLD JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2002-08-01. The genetic complexity of chitin synthesis in fungi in CURRENT GENETICS
  • 2019-07. Detection of Chitinolytic Capabilities in the Freshwater Planctomycete Planctomicrobium piriforme in MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2017-03-21. An alternative polysaccharide uptake mechanism of marine bacteria in THE ISME JOURNAL: MULTIDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • 2016-01. Characterization of the structure of the prokaryotic complex of Antarctic permafrost by molecular genetic techniques in MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2014-09-19. Antifungal effect of chito-oligosaccharides with different degrees of polymerization in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PLANT PATHOLOGY
  • 2012-09-25. Bacterial chitin utilisation at extremely haloalkaline conditions in EXTREMOPHILES
  • 2013-09-17. Hepatoprotective Effect of β-Chitosan from Gladius of Sepioteuthis lessoniana Against Carbon Tetrachloride-Induced Oxidative Stress in Wistar Rats in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1992. The Order Planctomycetales and the Genera Planctomyces, Pirellula, Gemmata, and Isosphaera in THE PROKARYOTES
  • 2013-08-20. Proteins involved in building, maintaining and remodeling of yeast cell walls in CURRENT GENETICS
  • 2015-11-02. Fungal chitinases: function, regulation, and potential roles in plant/pathogen interactions in CURRENT GENETICS
  • 2017-04-10. Determining the bacterial cell biology of Planctomycetes in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS
  • 2004-01. Isolation of Chitin and Chitosan from Honeybees in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2009-06-23. Gibberella zeae chitin synthase genes, GzCHS5 and GzCHS7, are required for hyphal growth, perithecia formation, and pathogenicity in CURRENT GENETICS
  • 1990. The Ecology of Chitin Degradation in ADVANCES IN MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • 2018-01-22. Function, distribution, and annotation of characterized cellulases, xylanases, and chitinases from CAZy in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2018-06-21. Chitinolytic functions in actinobacteria: ecology, enzymes, and evolution in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s0006297920140084

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/s0006297920140084

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1124953049

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32087058


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Biological Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0601", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Biochemistry and Cell Biology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Anti-Bacterial Agents", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Antifungal Agents", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Antioxidants", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Bacteria", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Biotechnology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Chitosan", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Crop Protection", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Drug Discovery", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Fungicides, Industrial", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Humans", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Hydrolysis", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Molecular Weight", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Polymers", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Laboratory of Biopolymer Engineering, Institute of Bioengineering, Federal Research Center \u201cFundamentals of Biotechnology\u201d, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117312, Moscow, Russia", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4886.2", 
              "name": [
                "Laboratory of Biopolymer Engineering, Institute of Bioengineering, Federal Research Center \u201cFundamentals of Biotechnology\u201d, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117312, Moscow, Russia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Varlamov", 
            "givenName": "V. P.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0631556207.02", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0631556207.02"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Laboratory of Biopolymer Engineering, Institute of Bioengineering, Federal Research Center \u201cFundamentals of Biotechnology\u201d, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117312, Moscow, Russia", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4886.2", 
              "name": [
                "Laboratory of Biopolymer Engineering, Institute of Bioengineering, Federal Research Center \u201cFundamentals of Biotechnology\u201d, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117312, Moscow, Russia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Il\u2019ina", 
            "givenName": "A. V.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0762460543.01", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0762460543.01"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Laboratory of Biopolymer Engineering, Institute of Bioengineering, Federal Research Center \u201cFundamentals of Biotechnology\u201d, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117312, Moscow, Russia", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4886.2", 
              "name": [
                "Laboratory of Biopolymer Engineering, Institute of Bioengineering, Federal Research Center \u201cFundamentals of Biotechnology\u201d, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117312, Moscow, Russia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Shagdarova", 
            "givenName": "B. Ts.", 
            "id": "sg:person.014075126117.27", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014075126117.27"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Laboratory of Biopolymer Engineering, Institute of Bioengineering, Federal Research Center \u201cFundamentals of Biotechnology\u201d, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117312, Moscow, Russia", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4886.2", 
              "name": [
                "Laboratory of Biopolymer Engineering, Institute of Bioengineering, Federal Research Center \u201cFundamentals of Biotechnology\u201d, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117312, Moscow, Russia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Lunkov", 
            "givenName": "A. P.", 
            "id": "sg:person.013104320450.17", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013104320450.17"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Winogradsky Institute of Microbiology, Federal Research Center \u201cFundamentals of Biotechnology\u201d, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117312, Moscow, Russia", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4886.2", 
              "name": [
                "Winogradsky Institute of Microbiology, Federal Research Center \u201cFundamentals of Biotechnology\u201d, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117312, Moscow, Russia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Mysyakina", 
            "givenName": "I. S.", 
            "id": "sg:person.011170645533.56", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011170645533.56"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683809040048", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024130947", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1134/s0003683809040048"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1134/s0026261716010057", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048273311", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1134/s0026261716010057"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s002849910034", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003726276", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s002849910034"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1134/s1995078012010107", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010936341", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1134/s1995078012010107"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/b:abim.0000010349.62620.49", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043466834", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1023/b:abim.0000010349.62620.49"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11274-007-9445-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039523537", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11274-007-9445-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ismej.2017.26", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084128184", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2017.26"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00294-013-0393-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032122243", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00294-013-0393-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10658-014-0533-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053234297", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-014-0533-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1134/s0026261712040133", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007763912", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1134/s0026261712040133"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-011-3723-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025944092", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-011-3723-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4684-7612-5_10", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052443080", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-7612-5_10"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1134/s0018143916020089", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041033342", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1134/s0018143916020089"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms14853", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084764574", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms14853"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00294-002-0318-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032813361", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00294-002-0318-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683816030030", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025536663", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1134/s0003683816030030"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00294-015-0530-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013957650", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00294-015-0530-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10295-003-0096-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021730034", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10295-003-0096-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683818050125", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106988915", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1134/s0003683818050125"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683818010118", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101386059", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1134/s0003683818010118"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00294-013-0403-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042006892", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00294-013-0403-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12010-013-0499-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033504649", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12010-013-0499-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00294-009-0258-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045394840", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00294-009-0258-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683808050177", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015546537", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1134/s0003683808050177"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00792-012-0484-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002377563", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00792-012-0484-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1134/s0026261718050168", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107380666", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1134/s0026261718050168"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-018-8778-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100557415", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-018-8778-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683814040061", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009765460", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1134/s0003683814040061"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683818050022", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106988905", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1134/s0003683818050022"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nrmicro3090", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024594907", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nrmicro3090"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4757-2191-1_41", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017755856", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-2191-1_41"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1134/s0026261719040076", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1120169249", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1134/s0026261719040076"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683806020165", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012003845", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1134/s0003683806020165"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683819040069", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1117841865", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1134/s0003683819040069"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-018-9149-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105045046", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-018-9149-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2020-01", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2020-01-01", 
        "description": "In this review, we present the data on the natural occurrence of chitin and its partially or fully deacetylated derivative chitosan, as well as their properties, methods of modification, and potential applications of derivatives with bactericidal, fungicidal, and antioxidant activities. The structure and physicochemical characteristics of the polymers, their functions, and features of chitin microbial synthesis and degradation, including the processes occurring in nature, are described. New data on the hydrolytic microorganisms capable of chitin degradation under extreme conditions are presented. Special attention is focused on the effect of physicochemical characteristics of chitosan, including molecular weight, degree of deacetylation, polydispersity index, and number of amino group derivatives (quaternized, succinyl, etc.) on the antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of modified polymers that can be of particular interest for biotechnology, medicine, and agriculture. Analysis of the available literature data confirms the importance of fundamental research to broaden our knowledge on the occurrence of chitin and chitosan in nature, their role in global biosphere cycles, and prospects of applied research aimed at using chitin, chitosan, and their derivatives in various aspects of human activity.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1134/s0006297920140084", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1297322", 
            "issn": [
              "0006-2979", 
              "1608-3040"
            ], 
            "name": "Biochemistry (Moscow)", 
            "publisher": "Pleiades Publishing", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "Suppl 1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "85"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "physicochemical characteristics", 
          "method of modification", 
          "chitin/chitosan", 
          "group derivatives", 
          "polydispersity index", 
          "degree of deacetylation", 
          "molecular weight", 
          "chitosan", 
          "derivative chitosan", 
          "occurrence of chitin", 
          "polymers", 
          "microbial synthesis", 
          "potential applications", 
          "derivatives", 
          "antioxidant activity", 
          "antioxidant properties", 
          "available literature data", 
          "fundamental research", 
          "chitin", 
          "properties", 
          "literature data", 
          "natural occurrence", 
          "synthesis", 
          "degradation", 
          "extreme conditions", 
          "fungicidal", 
          "particular interest", 
          "biotechnology", 
          "structure", 
          "nature", 
          "modification", 
          "activity", 
          "bactericidal", 
          "deacetylation", 
          "applied research", 
          "chitin degradation", 
          "applications", 
          "special attention", 
          "prospects", 
          "microorganisms", 
          "cycle", 
          "process", 
          "method", 
          "conditions", 
          "weight", 
          "characteristics", 
          "interest", 
          "practical approach", 
          "hydrolytic microorganisms", 
          "effect", 
          "analysis", 
          "degree", 
          "attention", 
          "medicine", 
          "review", 
          "approach", 
          "importance", 
          "data", 
          "features", 
          "occurrence", 
          "human activities", 
          "role", 
          "new data", 
          "fundamental problem", 
          "function", 
          "number", 
          "research", 
          "aspects", 
          "agriculture", 
          "index", 
          "knowledge", 
          "problem"
        ], 
        "name": "Chitin/Chitosan and Its Derivatives: Fundamental Problems and Practical Approaches", 
        "pagination": "154-176", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1124953049"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1134/s0006297920140084"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "32087058"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1134/s0006297920140084", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1124953049"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-11-24T21:04", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221124/entities/gbq_results/article/article_843.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1134/s0006297920140084"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s0006297920140084'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s0006297920140084'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s0006297920140084'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1134/s0006297920140084'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    355 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      146 URIs      103 LITERALS      20 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1134/s0006297920140084 schema:about N0353d1ed8626495eb7ff1a05a6e28ef8
    2 N3ca9c76b2bcb43898f9e0049b88222e0
    3 N40b0829fc3d541a99384a9af723886aa
    4 N457fdcbefecd423aaff2cde38dd13a21
    5 N5176bca9ed2d47a7b45c4f25fd38d2f5
    6 N5bf012e51108497695fa7c410d69f76f
    7 N688e3574aa4746228d9ef5ce4aa631eb
    8 N697beb857d7b4866a255643faa38829d
    9 N6ca7fc97043741ad9c4d3dc950922af7
    10 N6ed437d804194b41858a0c8c0d2555f3
    11 N7c34f8b463cd4ec690f0ee62459b9cf4
    12 Nc0373603d97b4b9ab0298627bc01ca34
    13 Nc8bd333286a44245b3268c54ab04cde1
    14 anzsrc-for:06
    15 anzsrc-for:0601
    16 schema:author N3b0b9cfbd60046d78a25892f9b6dda34
    17 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4684-7612-5_10
    18 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4757-2191-1_41
    19 sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-011-3723-3
    20 sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-018-8778-y
    21 sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-018-9149-4
    22 sg:pub.10.1007/s002849910034
    23 sg:pub.10.1007/s00294-002-0318-7
    24 sg:pub.10.1007/s00294-009-0258-6
    25 sg:pub.10.1007/s00294-013-0393-y
    26 sg:pub.10.1007/s00294-013-0403-0
    27 sg:pub.10.1007/s00294-015-0530-x
    28 sg:pub.10.1007/s00792-012-0484-6
    29 sg:pub.10.1007/s10295-003-0096-3
    30 sg:pub.10.1007/s10658-014-0533-3
    31 sg:pub.10.1007/s11274-007-9445-0
    32 sg:pub.10.1007/s12010-013-0499-1
    33 sg:pub.10.1023/b:abim.0000010349.62620.49
    34 sg:pub.10.1038/ismej.2017.26
    35 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms14853
    36 sg:pub.10.1038/nrmicro3090
    37 sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683806020165
    38 sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683808050177
    39 sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683809040048
    40 sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683814040061
    41 sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683816030030
    42 sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683818010118
    43 sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683818050022
    44 sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683818050125
    45 sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683819040069
    46 sg:pub.10.1134/s0018143916020089
    47 sg:pub.10.1134/s0026261712040133
    48 sg:pub.10.1134/s0026261716010057
    49 sg:pub.10.1134/s0026261718050168
    50 sg:pub.10.1134/s0026261719040076
    51 sg:pub.10.1134/s1995078012010107
    52 schema:datePublished 2020-01
    53 schema:datePublishedReg 2020-01-01
    54 schema:description In this review, we present the data on the natural occurrence of chitin and its partially or fully deacetylated derivative chitosan, as well as their properties, methods of modification, and potential applications of derivatives with bactericidal, fungicidal, and antioxidant activities. The structure and physicochemical characteristics of the polymers, their functions, and features of chitin microbial synthesis and degradation, including the processes occurring in nature, are described. New data on the hydrolytic microorganisms capable of chitin degradation under extreme conditions are presented. Special attention is focused on the effect of physicochemical characteristics of chitosan, including molecular weight, degree of deacetylation, polydispersity index, and number of amino group derivatives (quaternized, succinyl, etc.) on the antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of modified polymers that can be of particular interest for biotechnology, medicine, and agriculture. Analysis of the available literature data confirms the importance of fundamental research to broaden our knowledge on the occurrence of chitin and chitosan in nature, their role in global biosphere cycles, and prospects of applied research aimed at using chitin, chitosan, and their derivatives in various aspects of human activity.
    55 schema:genre article
    56 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    57 schema:isPartOf N1f4d3fec0d794d4983fff44bcbf6d3af
    58 Nd268e54a48ad41c5b9468f79c4f2a3b1
    59 sg:journal.1297322
    60 schema:keywords activity
    61 agriculture
    62 analysis
    63 antioxidant activity
    64 antioxidant properties
    65 applications
    66 applied research
    67 approach
    68 aspects
    69 attention
    70 available literature data
    71 bactericidal
    72 biotechnology
    73 characteristics
    74 chitin
    75 chitin degradation
    76 chitin/chitosan
    77 chitosan
    78 conditions
    79 cycle
    80 data
    81 deacetylation
    82 degradation
    83 degree
    84 degree of deacetylation
    85 derivative chitosan
    86 derivatives
    87 effect
    88 extreme conditions
    89 features
    90 function
    91 fundamental problem
    92 fundamental research
    93 fungicidal
    94 group derivatives
    95 human activities
    96 hydrolytic microorganisms
    97 importance
    98 index
    99 interest
    100 knowledge
    101 literature data
    102 medicine
    103 method
    104 method of modification
    105 microbial synthesis
    106 microorganisms
    107 modification
    108 molecular weight
    109 natural occurrence
    110 nature
    111 new data
    112 number
    113 occurrence
    114 occurrence of chitin
    115 particular interest
    116 physicochemical characteristics
    117 polydispersity index
    118 polymers
    119 potential applications
    120 practical approach
    121 problem
    122 process
    123 properties
    124 prospects
    125 research
    126 review
    127 role
    128 special attention
    129 structure
    130 synthesis
    131 weight
    132 schema:name Chitin/Chitosan and Its Derivatives: Fundamental Problems and Practical Approaches
    133 schema:pagination 154-176
    134 schema:productId N2485f905b82a44a097b130dcf2128609
    135 N47aaff17cce74b21be8671f4b4b7ff45
    136 Ne9b66cb6ecad41cdaa77153c89058aab
    137 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1124953049
    138 https://doi.org/10.1134/s0006297920140084
    139 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-11-24T21:04
    140 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    141 schema:sdPublisher N1321b9df2ed64078b160acfb94130e69
    142 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1134/s0006297920140084
    143 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    144 sgo:sdDataset articles
    145 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    146 N0353d1ed8626495eb7ff1a05a6e28ef8 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    147 schema:name Bacteria
    148 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    149 N090c5ca459254691a4d552f5123de93a rdf:first sg:person.011170645533.56
    150 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    151 N0b7a7a7c959b43ca868be404dc314994 rdf:first sg:person.013104320450.17
    152 rdf:rest N090c5ca459254691a4d552f5123de93a
    153 N12ea4fff4a67473cac35c786b3a8ca94 rdf:first sg:person.014075126117.27
    154 rdf:rest N0b7a7a7c959b43ca868be404dc314994
    155 N1321b9df2ed64078b160acfb94130e69 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    156 rdf:type schema:Organization
    157 N1bdbf117837d497da581d3e60f617a4b rdf:first sg:person.0762460543.01
    158 rdf:rest N12ea4fff4a67473cac35c786b3a8ca94
    159 N1f4d3fec0d794d4983fff44bcbf6d3af schema:issueNumber Suppl 1
    160 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    161 N2485f905b82a44a097b130dcf2128609 schema:name pubmed_id
    162 schema:value 32087058
    163 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    164 N3b0b9cfbd60046d78a25892f9b6dda34 rdf:first sg:person.0631556207.02
    165 rdf:rest N1bdbf117837d497da581d3e60f617a4b
    166 N3ca9c76b2bcb43898f9e0049b88222e0 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    167 schema:name Chitosan
    168 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    169 N40b0829fc3d541a99384a9af723886aa schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    170 schema:name Fungicides, Industrial
    171 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    172 N457fdcbefecd423aaff2cde38dd13a21 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    173 schema:name Drug Discovery
    174 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    175 N47aaff17cce74b21be8671f4b4b7ff45 schema:name doi
    176 schema:value 10.1134/s0006297920140084
    177 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    178 N5176bca9ed2d47a7b45c4f25fd38d2f5 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    179 schema:name Antioxidants
    180 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    181 N5bf012e51108497695fa7c410d69f76f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    182 schema:name Humans
    183 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    184 N688e3574aa4746228d9ef5ce4aa631eb schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    185 schema:name Anti-Bacterial Agents
    186 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    187 N697beb857d7b4866a255643faa38829d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    188 schema:name Crop Protection
    189 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    190 N6ca7fc97043741ad9c4d3dc950922af7 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    191 schema:name Biotechnology
    192 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    193 N6ed437d804194b41858a0c8c0d2555f3 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    194 schema:name Polymers
    195 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    196 N7c34f8b463cd4ec690f0ee62459b9cf4 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    197 schema:name Hydrolysis
    198 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    199 Nc0373603d97b4b9ab0298627bc01ca34 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    200 schema:name Molecular Weight
    201 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    202 Nc8bd333286a44245b3268c54ab04cde1 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    203 schema:name Antifungal Agents
    204 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    205 Nd268e54a48ad41c5b9468f79c4f2a3b1 schema:volumeNumber 85
    206 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    207 Ne9b66cb6ecad41cdaa77153c89058aab schema:name dimensions_id
    208 schema:value pub.1124953049
    209 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    210 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    211 schema:name Biological Sciences
    212 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    213 anzsrc-for:0601 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    214 schema:name Biochemistry and Cell Biology
    215 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    216 sg:journal.1297322 schema:issn 0006-2979
    217 1608-3040
    218 schema:name Biochemistry (Moscow)
    219 schema:publisher Pleiades Publishing
    220 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    221 sg:person.011170645533.56 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4886.2
    222 schema:familyName Mysyakina
    223 schema:givenName I. S.
    224 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011170645533.56
    225 rdf:type schema:Person
    226 sg:person.013104320450.17 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4886.2
    227 schema:familyName Lunkov
    228 schema:givenName A. P.
    229 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013104320450.17
    230 rdf:type schema:Person
    231 sg:person.014075126117.27 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4886.2
    232 schema:familyName Shagdarova
    233 schema:givenName B. Ts.
    234 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014075126117.27
    235 rdf:type schema:Person
    236 sg:person.0631556207.02 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4886.2
    237 schema:familyName Varlamov
    238 schema:givenName V. P.
    239 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0631556207.02
    240 rdf:type schema:Person
    241 sg:person.0762460543.01 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.4886.2
    242 schema:familyName Il’ina
    243 schema:givenName A. V.
    244 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0762460543.01
    245 rdf:type schema:Person
    246 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4684-7612-5_10 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052443080
    247 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-7612-5_10
    248 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    249 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4757-2191-1_41 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017755856
    250 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-2191-1_41
    251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    252 sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-011-3723-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025944092
    253 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-011-3723-3
    254 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    255 sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-018-8778-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100557415
    256 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-018-8778-y
    257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    258 sg:pub.10.1007/s00253-018-9149-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1105045046
    259 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-018-9149-4
    260 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    261 sg:pub.10.1007/s002849910034 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003726276
    262 https://doi.org/10.1007/s002849910034
    263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    264 sg:pub.10.1007/s00294-002-0318-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032813361
    265 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00294-002-0318-7
    266 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    267 sg:pub.10.1007/s00294-009-0258-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045394840
    268 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00294-009-0258-6
    269 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    270 sg:pub.10.1007/s00294-013-0393-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032122243
    271 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00294-013-0393-y
    272 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    273 sg:pub.10.1007/s00294-013-0403-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042006892
    274 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00294-013-0403-0
    275 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    276 sg:pub.10.1007/s00294-015-0530-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013957650
    277 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00294-015-0530-x
    278 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    279 sg:pub.10.1007/s00792-012-0484-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002377563
    280 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00792-012-0484-6
    281 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    282 sg:pub.10.1007/s10295-003-0096-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021730034
    283 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10295-003-0096-3
    284 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    285 sg:pub.10.1007/s10658-014-0533-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053234297
    286 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-014-0533-3
    287 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    288 sg:pub.10.1007/s11274-007-9445-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039523537
    289 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11274-007-9445-0
    290 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    291 sg:pub.10.1007/s12010-013-0499-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033504649
    292 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12010-013-0499-1
    293 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    294 sg:pub.10.1023/b:abim.0000010349.62620.49 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043466834
    295 https://doi.org/10.1023/b:abim.0000010349.62620.49
    296 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    297 sg:pub.10.1038/ismej.2017.26 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084128184
    298 https://doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2017.26
    299 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    300 sg:pub.10.1038/ncomms14853 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084764574
    301 https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms14853
    302 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    303 sg:pub.10.1038/nrmicro3090 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024594907
    304 https://doi.org/10.1038/nrmicro3090
    305 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    306 sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683806020165 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012003845
    307 https://doi.org/10.1134/s0003683806020165
    308 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    309 sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683808050177 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015546537
    310 https://doi.org/10.1134/s0003683808050177
    311 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    312 sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683809040048 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024130947
    313 https://doi.org/10.1134/s0003683809040048
    314 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    315 sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683814040061 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009765460
    316 https://doi.org/10.1134/s0003683814040061
    317 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    318 sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683816030030 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025536663
    319 https://doi.org/10.1134/s0003683816030030
    320 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    321 sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683818010118 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101386059
    322 https://doi.org/10.1134/s0003683818010118
    323 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    324 sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683818050022 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106988905
    325 https://doi.org/10.1134/s0003683818050022
    326 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    327 sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683818050125 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1106988915
    328 https://doi.org/10.1134/s0003683818050125
    329 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    330 sg:pub.10.1134/s0003683819040069 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1117841865
    331 https://doi.org/10.1134/s0003683819040069
    332 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    333 sg:pub.10.1134/s0018143916020089 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041033342
    334 https://doi.org/10.1134/s0018143916020089
    335 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    336 sg:pub.10.1134/s0026261712040133 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007763912
    337 https://doi.org/10.1134/s0026261712040133
    338 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    339 sg:pub.10.1134/s0026261716010057 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048273311
    340 https://doi.org/10.1134/s0026261716010057
    341 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    342 sg:pub.10.1134/s0026261718050168 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107380666
    343 https://doi.org/10.1134/s0026261718050168
    344 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    345 sg:pub.10.1134/s0026261719040076 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1120169249
    346 https://doi.org/10.1134/s0026261719040076
    347 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    348 sg:pub.10.1134/s1995078012010107 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010936341
    349 https://doi.org/10.1134/s1995078012010107
    350 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    351 grid-institutes:grid.4886.2 schema:alternateName Laboratory of Biopolymer Engineering, Institute of Bioengineering, Federal Research Center “Fundamentals of Biotechnology”, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117312, Moscow, Russia
    352 Winogradsky Institute of Microbiology, Federal Research Center “Fundamentals of Biotechnology”, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117312, Moscow, Russia
    353 schema:name Laboratory of Biopolymer Engineering, Institute of Bioengineering, Federal Research Center “Fundamentals of Biotechnology”, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117312, Moscow, Russia
    354 Winogradsky Institute of Microbiology, Federal Research Center “Fundamentals of Biotechnology”, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117312, Moscow, Russia
    355 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...