Effect of malathion on the male reproductive organs of earthworms, Eisenia foetida View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2005-03

AUTHORS

Omar Espinoza-Navarro, Eduardo Bustos-Obregón

ABSTRACT

AIM: To observe the cytotoxic effect of the organophosphate insecticide malathion in the reproductive tissues of the earthworms, Eisenia foetida. METHODS: Worms were nourished in soil treated with malathion at single sub-lethal doses of 0, 80, 150, 300 and 600 mg/kg soil. (LD50=880 mg/kg soil) and evaluated on days 1, 5, 15 and 30 after exposure. The body weights were recorded and male reproductive organs evaluated. RESULTS: Malathion-treated animals showed a significant reduction in body weight in a dose-dependent manner. Malathion treatment modified the disposition of spermatozoa in the basal epithelium of the spermatheca. The Br-deoxyuridine test showed a significant rise in cells in phase S on days 5 and 15. Also, a higher percentage of spermatogonia with fragmented DNA were observed by means of the TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) technique in the spermatheca of treated animals. CONCLUSION: Treatment with malathion decreased the body weight and the spermatic viability in spermatheca, altering the cell proliferation and modifying the DNA structure of spermatogonia. More... »

PAGES

97-101

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1111/j.1745-7262.2005.00005.x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-7262.2005.00005.x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032815643

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15685359


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