The karyotypes of thirty‐one birds View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1970-06

AUTHORS

BO HAMMAR

ABSTRACT

The karyotypes of thirty-one bird species are presented and some general aspects of bird chromosomes and the use of the karyotypes in the systematic classification of birds are discussed. It is important to take into consideration all the chromosomes and not just a few of the largest pairs. There is nothing that indicates that the small chromosomes should have a different function than the large ones. It is also important to define the sex chromosomes, since closely related species often have a Z chromosome that is similar in size and arm ratio. Differences between closely related species in some cases are due to a centric-fusion mechanism. In these cases it is more useful to compare the autosomes with the Z chromosome than to compare the other chromosomes with chromosome no. 1. The chromosome number is at least in some cases a little lower in species with putative centric fusion than in related species without it, as in the family Strigidae. The relative length of the chromosome may be more important when identifying corresponding chromosomes in different species, as in the family Anatidae. Two different arm ratios have been observed for a special chromosome within a species. In Vanellus vanellus both chromosomes no. 1 and no. 2 and in Chloris chloris chromosome no. 1 may have either of two arm ratios. More... »

PAGES

29-58

Journal

TITLE

Hereditas

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

65

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1111/j.1601-5223.1970.tb02306.x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5223.1970.tb02306.x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011270058


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0604", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Genetics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Lund University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4514.4", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Genetics, University of Lund, Sweden"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "HAMMAR", 
        "givenName": "BO", 
        "id": "sg:person.047015552.62", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.047015552.62"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1508/cytologia.24.403", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000262816"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00335204", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001565887", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00335204"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00319991", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004640164", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00319991"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00319991", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004640164", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00319991"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1159/000129744", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007180081"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1159/000129884", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009093014"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1111/j.1601-5223.1966.tb02056.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011091580", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5223.1966.tb02056.x"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1111/j.1601-5223.1966.tb02056.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011091580", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5223.1966.tb02056.x"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4827(63)90307-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012149911"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/jez.1400180103", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016355632"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/jez.1400180103", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016355632"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3312/jyio1952.2.130", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019516550"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1159/000129905", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020290020"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00336949", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022287575", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00336949"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00321160", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022480424", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00321160"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00321160", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022480424", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00321160"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1111/j.1601-5223.1964.tb01953.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023800981", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5223.1964.tb01953.x"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1111/j.1601-5223.1964.tb01953.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023800981", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5223.1964.tb01953.x"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00335203", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028414472", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00335203"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00326452", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035620051", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00326452"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1111/j.1601-5223.1967.tb02103.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035931808", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5223.1967.tb02103.x"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1111/j.1601-5223.1967.tb02103.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035931808", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5223.1967.tb02103.x"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00283602", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042322714", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00283602"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1365656", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069450808"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1365656", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069450808"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1365656", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069450808"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.jhered.a106729", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083484665"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1970-06", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1970-06-01", 
    "description": "The karyotypes of thirty-one bird species are presented and some general aspects of bird chromosomes and the use of the karyotypes in the systematic classification of birds are discussed. It is important to take into consideration all the chromosomes and not just a few of the largest pairs. There is nothing that indicates that the small chromosomes should have a different function than the large ones. It is also important to define the sex chromosomes, since closely related species often have a Z chromosome that is similar in size and arm ratio. Differences between closely related species in some cases are due to a centric-fusion mechanism. In these cases it is more useful to compare the autosomes with the Z chromosome than to compare the other chromosomes with chromosome no. 1. The chromosome number is at least in some cases a little lower in species with putative centric fusion than in related species without it, as in the family Strigidae. The relative length of the chromosome may be more important when identifying corresponding chromosomes in different species, as in the family Anatidae. Two different arm ratios have been observed for a special chromosome within a species. In Vanellus vanellus both chromosomes no. 1 and no. 2 and in Chloris chloris chromosome no. 1 may have either of two arm ratios.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1111/j.1601-5223.1970.tb02306.x", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1017631", 
        "issn": [
          "0018-0661", 
          "1601-5223"
        ], 
        "name": "Hereditas", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "65"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "The karyotypes of thirty\u2010one birds", 
    "pagination": "29-58", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "35b230ef9cb15968530f26e5c1e353d6a036e4e0bfdfab90aad0349f96184020"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1111/j.1601-5223.1970.tb02306.x"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1011270058"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5223.1970.tb02306.x", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011270058"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T09:34", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000346_0000000346/records_99818_00000000.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1601-5223.1970.tb02306.x/abstract"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1111/j.1601-5223.1970.tb02306.x'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1111/j.1601-5223.1970.tb02306.x'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1111/j.1601-5223.1970.tb02306.x'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1111/j.1601-5223.1970.tb02306.x'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

128 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      46 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1111/j.1601-5223.1970.tb02306.x schema:about anzsrc-for:06
2 anzsrc-for:0604
3 schema:author N4000602d78c2440eae23fba8dac2dfe0
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00283602
5 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00319991
6 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00321160
7 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00326452
8 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00335203
9 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00335204
10 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00336949
11 sg:pub.10.1111/j.1601-5223.1964.tb01953.x
12 sg:pub.10.1111/j.1601-5223.1966.tb02056.x
13 sg:pub.10.1111/j.1601-5223.1967.tb02103.x
14 https://doi.org/10.1002/jez.1400180103
15 https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4827(63)90307-0
16 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.jhered.a106729
17 https://doi.org/10.1159/000129744
18 https://doi.org/10.1159/000129884
19 https://doi.org/10.1159/000129905
20 https://doi.org/10.1508/cytologia.24.403
21 https://doi.org/10.2307/1365656
22 https://doi.org/10.3312/jyio1952.2.130
23 schema:datePublished 1970-06
24 schema:datePublishedReg 1970-06-01
25 schema:description The karyotypes of thirty-one bird species are presented and some general aspects of bird chromosomes and the use of the karyotypes in the systematic classification of birds are discussed. It is important to take into consideration all the chromosomes and not just a few of the largest pairs. There is nothing that indicates that the small chromosomes should have a different function than the large ones. It is also important to define the sex chromosomes, since closely related species often have a Z chromosome that is similar in size and arm ratio. Differences between closely related species in some cases are due to a centric-fusion mechanism. In these cases it is more useful to compare the autosomes with the Z chromosome than to compare the other chromosomes with chromosome no. 1. The chromosome number is at least in some cases a little lower in species with putative centric fusion than in related species without it, as in the family Strigidae. The relative length of the chromosome may be more important when identifying corresponding chromosomes in different species, as in the family Anatidae. Two different arm ratios have been observed for a special chromosome within a species. In Vanellus vanellus both chromosomes no. 1 and no. 2 and in Chloris chloris chromosome no. 1 may have either of two arm ratios.
26 schema:genre research_article
27 schema:inLanguage en
28 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
29 schema:isPartOf N1be3e2a95807489297aa204119a9277b
30 Ned1b835c23dd4581badf659c73e474a4
31 sg:journal.1017631
32 schema:name The karyotypes of thirty‐one birds
33 schema:pagination 29-58
34 schema:productId N61fed8085212463aa2cb76a52b843145
35 N77403c071065487a8482e328fec5db67
36 Nd7e71dceaab44bfd87640d9e8cf9d5b9
37 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011270058
38 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5223.1970.tb02306.x
39 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T09:34
40 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
41 schema:sdPublisher Nbe88222492fe47a6816cb8f5c2bec79f
42 schema:url http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1601-5223.1970.tb02306.x/abstract
43 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
44 sgo:sdDataset articles
45 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
46 N1be3e2a95807489297aa204119a9277b schema:volumeNumber 65
47 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
48 N4000602d78c2440eae23fba8dac2dfe0 rdf:first sg:person.047015552.62
49 rdf:rest rdf:nil
50 N61fed8085212463aa2cb76a52b843145 schema:name doi
51 schema:value 10.1111/j.1601-5223.1970.tb02306.x
52 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
53 N77403c071065487a8482e328fec5db67 schema:name readcube_id
54 schema:value 35b230ef9cb15968530f26e5c1e353d6a036e4e0bfdfab90aad0349f96184020
55 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
56 Nbe88222492fe47a6816cb8f5c2bec79f schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
57 rdf:type schema:Organization
58 Nd7e71dceaab44bfd87640d9e8cf9d5b9 schema:name dimensions_id
59 schema:value pub.1011270058
60 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
61 Ned1b835c23dd4581badf659c73e474a4 schema:issueNumber 1
62 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
63 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
64 schema:name Biological Sciences
65 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
66 anzsrc-for:0604 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
67 schema:name Genetics
68 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
69 sg:journal.1017631 schema:issn 0018-0661
70 1601-5223
71 schema:name Hereditas
72 rdf:type schema:Periodical
73 sg:person.047015552.62 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4514.4
74 schema:familyName HAMMAR
75 schema:givenName BO
76 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.047015552.62
77 rdf:type schema:Person
78 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00283602 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042322714
79 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00283602
80 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
81 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00319991 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004640164
82 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00319991
83 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
84 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00321160 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022480424
85 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00321160
86 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
87 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00326452 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035620051
88 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00326452
89 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
90 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00335203 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028414472
91 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00335203
92 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
93 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00335204 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001565887
94 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00335204
95 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
96 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00336949 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022287575
97 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00336949
98 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
99 sg:pub.10.1111/j.1601-5223.1964.tb01953.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023800981
100 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5223.1964.tb01953.x
101 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
102 sg:pub.10.1111/j.1601-5223.1966.tb02056.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011091580
103 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5223.1966.tb02056.x
104 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
105 sg:pub.10.1111/j.1601-5223.1967.tb02103.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035931808
106 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1601-5223.1967.tb02103.x
107 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
108 https://doi.org/10.1002/jez.1400180103 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016355632
109 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
110 https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-4827(63)90307-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012149911
111 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
112 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.jhered.a106729 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083484665
113 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
114 https://doi.org/10.1159/000129744 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007180081
115 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
116 https://doi.org/10.1159/000129884 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009093014
117 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
118 https://doi.org/10.1159/000129905 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020290020
119 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
120 https://doi.org/10.1508/cytologia.24.403 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000262816
121 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
122 https://doi.org/10.2307/1365656 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069450808
123 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
124 https://doi.org/10.3312/jyio1952.2.130 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019516550
125 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
126 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.4514.4 schema:alternateName Lund University
127 schema:name Institute of Genetics, University of Lund, Sweden
128 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...