Prevalence of Adenomas among Young Individuals at Average Risk for Colorectal Cancer View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2005-01

AUTHORS

Andrea E de Jong, Hans Morreau, Fokko M Nagengast, Elisabeth MH Mathus-Vliegen, Jan H Kleibeuker, Gerrit Griffioen, Annemieke Cats, Hans FA Vasen

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the prevalence and characteristics of adenomas in a young population not genetically predisposed for the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: The databases of the Dutch Hereditary Colorectal Cancer Registry were used. The study population included patients (n = 444) who had regular endoscopy until mutation analysis revealed they did not carry the (Adenomatous Polyposis Coli (APC)/Mismatch Repair) gene defect identified in their family. RESULTS: At first colonoscopy (n = 342; 50% males, mean age 37 yr) a total of 19 adenomas (10 males, mean age 50 yr, range 24-91 yr) and two CRCs (2 males, age 49 and 72 yr) were identified, and at first sigmoidoscopy (n = 102; 53% males, mean age 29 yr) three adenomas (2 males, age 8, 40, and 41 yr) were found. A second colonoscopy was performed in 14 patients with, and in 162 patients without an adenoma. Three of 14 patients (21%) developed a new adenoma (all >50 yr) and 8 of 162 (5%) patients developed their first adenoma during follow-up. In the colonoscopy group, the cumulative proportion of patients free of adenomas at age 50 yr was 86%. Of all adenomas diagnosed during colonoscopy (n = 49), 65% were located distal from the flexura lienalis. Of the adenomas detected during all endoscopies (n = 53), 9.8% were > or =7 mm, 7.5% showed high-grade dysplasia, and 7.5% showed tubulovillous features. CONCLUSIONS: On the basis of our findings during colonoscopy we conclude that the risk of developing adenomas/CRC in young individuals without genetic risk factors is low. Adenoma surveillance programs should focus on young individuals with a positive family (or personal) history for adenomas/CRC, or on individuals >50 yr. More... »

PAGES

ajg200523

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1111/j.1572-0241.2005.41000.x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1572-0241.2005.41000.x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011928923

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15654793


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43 schema:description OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the prevalence and characteristics of adenomas in a young population not genetically predisposed for the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: The databases of the Dutch Hereditary Colorectal Cancer Registry were used. The study population included patients (n = 444) who had regular endoscopy until mutation analysis revealed they did not carry the (Adenomatous Polyposis Coli (APC)/Mismatch Repair) gene defect identified in their family. RESULTS: At first colonoscopy (n = 342; 50% males, mean age 37 yr) a total of 19 adenomas (10 males, mean age 50 yr, range 24-91 yr) and two CRCs (2 males, age 49 and 72 yr) were identified, and at first sigmoidoscopy (n = 102; 53% males, mean age 29 yr) three adenomas (2 males, age 8, 40, and 41 yr) were found. A second colonoscopy was performed in 14 patients with, and in 162 patients without an adenoma. Three of 14 patients (21%) developed a new adenoma (all >50 yr) and 8 of 162 (5%) patients developed their first adenoma during follow-up. In the colonoscopy group, the cumulative proportion of patients free of adenomas at age 50 yr was 86%. Of all adenomas diagnosed during colonoscopy (n = 49), 65% were located distal from the flexura lienalis. Of the adenomas detected during all endoscopies (n = 53), 9.8% were > or =7 mm, 7.5% showed high-grade dysplasia, and 7.5% showed tubulovillous features. CONCLUSIONS: On the basis of our findings during colonoscopy we conclude that the risk of developing adenomas/CRC in young individuals without genetic risk factors is low. Adenoma surveillance programs should focus on young individuals with a positive family (or personal) history for adenomas/CRC, or on individuals >50 yr.
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