Relationship between straining, transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation, and gastroesophageal reflux in children View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2001-07-01

AUTHORS

Akira Okada, Geoffrey Davidson, Hisayoshi Kawahara, John Dent

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Physical straining such as deep inspiration or coughing may induce gastroesophageal reflux (GER) by overcoming feeble lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure. The role of straining as a provocant of GER has not been analyzed systematically in children. It was our aim to examine the contribution of straining to the occurrence of GER with particular attention to its relationship to transient LES relaxations, which are a major mechanism of the occurrence of GER in pediatric patients. METHODS: Concurrent esophageal manometry and pH monitoring was performed for 4 h postprandially in six children with esophagitis (age 9 months to 12 yr). Analysis was performed on isolated single strain episodes, defined as an increased intragastric pressure > 10 mm Hg. When a drop of esophageal pH < 4.0 was noted within 15 sec after any part of a strain, this strain was defined as related to the reflux episode. RESULTS: The median value of basal LES pressure was 10 mm Hg (range 1-18). In all, 134 analyzable strains and 87 analyzable reflux episodes were recorded. Isolated strains were associated with 20 reflux episodes (23%). Reflux was observed more frequently with strains that occurred during transient LES relaxations (12/40) than straining when the LES was contracted (8/94) (p < 0.01). Sustained strain (35%) and inspiratory strain (25%) were the major patterns of straining related to reflux. CONCLUSION: Straining provoked reflux infrequently and simultaneous occurrence of straining and transient LES relaxation was important in determining the occurrence of strain-related reflux in pediatric patients with reflux esophagitis. More... »

PAGES

2019

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1111/j.1572-0241.2001.03936.x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1572-0241.2001.03936.x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007509275

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11467627


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1199", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Other Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Child", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Child, Preschool", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Cough", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Esophagogastric Junction", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Esophagus", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Gastroesophageal Reflux", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Hydrogen-Ion Concentration", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Infant", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Manometry", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Pressure", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Respiration", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Pediatric Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.136593.b", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Pediatric Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Okada", 
        "givenName": "Akira", 
        "id": "sg:person.0725725344.49", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0725725344.49"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Gastroenterology Unit, Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, Australia", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.1694.a", 
          "name": [
            "Gastroenterology Unit, Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, Australia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Davidson", 
        "givenName": "Geoffrey", 
        "id": "sg:person.0577346161.64", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0577346161.64"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Pediatric Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.136593.b", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Pediatric Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kawahara", 
        "givenName": "Hisayoshi", 
        "id": "sg:person.01326611173.55", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01326611173.55"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Gastrointestinal Medicine, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, Australia", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.416075.1", 
          "name": [
            "Gastrointestinal Medicine, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, Australia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Dent", 
        "givenName": "John", 
        "id": "sg:person.0630406370.13", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0630406370.13"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2001-07-01", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2001-07-01", 
    "description": "OBJECTIVE: Physical straining such as deep inspiration or coughing may induce gastroesophageal reflux (GER) by overcoming feeble lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure. The role of straining as a provocant of GER has not been analyzed systematically in children. It was our aim to examine the contribution of straining to the occurrence of GER with particular attention to its relationship to transient LES relaxations, which are a major mechanism of the occurrence of GER in pediatric patients.\nMETHODS: Concurrent esophageal manometry and pH monitoring was performed for 4 h postprandially in six children with esophagitis (age 9 months to 12 yr). Analysis was performed on isolated single strain episodes, defined as an increased intragastric pressure > 10 mm Hg. When a drop of esophageal pH < 4.0 was noted within 15 sec after any part of a strain, this strain was defined as related to the reflux episode.\nRESULTS: The median value of basal LES pressure was 10 mm Hg (range 1-18). In all, 134 analyzable strains and 87 analyzable reflux episodes were recorded. Isolated strains were associated with 20 reflux episodes (23%). Reflux was observed more frequently with strains that occurred during transient LES relaxations (12/40) than straining when the LES was contracted (8/94) (p < 0.01). Sustained strain (35%) and inspiratory strain (25%) were the major patterns of straining related to reflux.\nCONCLUSION: Straining provoked reflux infrequently and simultaneous occurrence of straining and transient LES relaxation was important in determining the occurrence of strain-related reflux in pediatric patients with reflux esophagitis.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1111/j.1572-0241.2001.03936.x", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1412991", 
        "issn": [
          "0002-9270", 
          "1572-0241"
        ], 
        "name": "The American Journal of Gastroenterology", 
        "publisher": "Wolters Kluwer", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "7", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "96"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "transient LES relaxations", 
      "occurrence of GER", 
      "gastroesophageal reflux", 
      "reflux episodes", 
      "LES relaxation", 
      "pediatric patients", 
      "transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations", 
      "lower esophageal sphincter pressure", 
      "lower esophageal sphincter relaxation", 
      "concurrent esophageal manometry", 
      "basal LES pressure", 
      "esophageal sphincter pressure", 
      "esophageal sphincter relaxation", 
      "reflux esophagitis", 
      "sphincter pressure", 
      "esophageal pH", 
      "LES pressure", 
      "sphincter relaxation", 
      "esophageal manometry", 
      "intragastric pressure", 
      "deep inspiration", 
      "pH monitoring", 
      "reflux", 
      "esophagitis", 
      "patients", 
      "episodes", 
      "median value", 
      "children", 
      "major mechanism", 
      "simultaneous occurrence", 
      "isolated strain", 
      "manometry", 
      "coughing", 
      "occurrence", 
      "major patterns", 
      "strains", 
      "pressure", 
      "Hg", 
      "aim", 
      "relationship", 
      "role", 
      "relaxation", 
      "mechanism", 
      "monitoring", 
      "patterns", 
      "sec", 
      "particular attention", 
      "analysis", 
      "straining", 
      "part", 
      "values", 
      "LES", 
      "inspiration", 
      "attention", 
      "drop", 
      "pH", 
      "contribution", 
      "physical straining"
    ], 
    "name": "Relationship between straining, transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation, and gastroesophageal reflux in children", 
    "pagination": "2019", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1007509275"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1111/j.1572-0241.2001.03936.x"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "11467627"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1572-0241.2001.03936.x", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007509275"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-08-04T16:52", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220804/entities/gbq_results/article/article_307.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1572-0241.2001.03936.x"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1111/j.1572-0241.2001.03936.x'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1111/j.1572-0241.2001.03936.x'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1111/j.1572-0241.2001.03936.x'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1111/j.1572-0241.2001.03936.x'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

194 TRIPLES      20 PREDICATES      95 URIs      87 LITERALS      19 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1111/j.1572-0241.2001.03936.x schema:about N048af6570d664f5ebc290b9d3e424aed
2 N224e7e782c7d4024afbea3041089ba3f
3 N22e3ccd8ebea4092931d9713c967c787
4 N565c1ff762d440bbb8d2bbe58c66b5c0
5 N8137c7961a7d4904b39f6d6e5b70a913
6 N9bc03376c13f4b3b8a01fa9d6706ec3d
7 N9c31ac42cfaa4741b93624dd49662d8c
8 Nadf2b78ed99d44bfbfc95f3f90848440
9 Nbb77197b2d7742aeb4f00a40b1ce1a51
10 Nfbc44313cd8b4b6d84aeaba792fac06e
11 Nfe20923fac574b2ba74f21ea723bde7a
12 Nff79d07d18114d08a3871a52cc5aa73f
13 anzsrc-for:11
14 anzsrc-for:1199
15 schema:author N156ec6cb3efb4ee5a1b4fadc522d86a7
16 schema:datePublished 2001-07-01
17 schema:datePublishedReg 2001-07-01
18 schema:description OBJECTIVE: Physical straining such as deep inspiration or coughing may induce gastroesophageal reflux (GER) by overcoming feeble lower esophageal sphincter (LES) pressure. The role of straining as a provocant of GER has not been analyzed systematically in children. It was our aim to examine the contribution of straining to the occurrence of GER with particular attention to its relationship to transient LES relaxations, which are a major mechanism of the occurrence of GER in pediatric patients. METHODS: Concurrent esophageal manometry and pH monitoring was performed for 4 h postprandially in six children with esophagitis (age 9 months to 12 yr). Analysis was performed on isolated single strain episodes, defined as an increased intragastric pressure > 10 mm Hg. When a drop of esophageal pH < 4.0 was noted within 15 sec after any part of a strain, this strain was defined as related to the reflux episode. RESULTS: The median value of basal LES pressure was 10 mm Hg (range 1-18). In all, 134 analyzable strains and 87 analyzable reflux episodes were recorded. Isolated strains were associated with 20 reflux episodes (23%). Reflux was observed more frequently with strains that occurred during transient LES relaxations (12/40) than straining when the LES was contracted (8/94) (p < 0.01). Sustained strain (35%) and inspiratory strain (25%) were the major patterns of straining related to reflux. CONCLUSION: Straining provoked reflux infrequently and simultaneous occurrence of straining and transient LES relaxation was important in determining the occurrence of strain-related reflux in pediatric patients with reflux esophagitis.
19 schema:genre article
20 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
21 schema:isPartOf N44f4c59a6c834f73affc247fc1d72ee1
22 Nbfd36d19a104455ca8f99f12d16c2176
23 sg:journal.1412991
24 schema:keywords Hg
25 LES
26 LES pressure
27 LES relaxation
28 aim
29 analysis
30 attention
31 basal LES pressure
32 children
33 concurrent esophageal manometry
34 contribution
35 coughing
36 deep inspiration
37 drop
38 episodes
39 esophageal manometry
40 esophageal pH
41 esophageal sphincter pressure
42 esophageal sphincter relaxation
43 esophagitis
44 gastroesophageal reflux
45 inspiration
46 intragastric pressure
47 isolated strain
48 lower esophageal sphincter pressure
49 lower esophageal sphincter relaxation
50 major mechanism
51 major patterns
52 manometry
53 mechanism
54 median value
55 monitoring
56 occurrence
57 occurrence of GER
58 pH
59 pH monitoring
60 part
61 particular attention
62 patients
63 patterns
64 pediatric patients
65 physical straining
66 pressure
67 reflux
68 reflux episodes
69 reflux esophagitis
70 relationship
71 relaxation
72 role
73 sec
74 simultaneous occurrence
75 sphincter pressure
76 sphincter relaxation
77 straining
78 strains
79 transient LES relaxations
80 transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations
81 values
82 schema:name Relationship between straining, transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation, and gastroesophageal reflux in children
83 schema:pagination 2019
84 schema:productId N1c86f4c9442442bdbf411586c4bedfdf
85 N2de5d0f6616144638be6d1b3e343639f
86 Nef7744462e884eb5863e917dd9a5e24e
87 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007509275
88 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1572-0241.2001.03936.x
89 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-08-04T16:52
90 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
91 schema:sdPublisher N984c64f513af4545bd53890fe759f962
92 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1572-0241.2001.03936.x
93 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
94 sgo:sdDataset articles
95 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
96 N048af6570d664f5ebc290b9d3e424aed schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
97 schema:name Manometry
98 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
99 N156ec6cb3efb4ee5a1b4fadc522d86a7 rdf:first sg:person.0725725344.49
100 rdf:rest Nf3f80743e47042fe81a9f1caa7daff89
101 N1c86f4c9442442bdbf411586c4bedfdf schema:name pubmed_id
102 schema:value 11467627
103 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
104 N224e7e782c7d4024afbea3041089ba3f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
105 schema:name Pressure
106 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
107 N22e3ccd8ebea4092931d9713c967c787 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
108 schema:name Cough
109 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
110 N2de5d0f6616144638be6d1b3e343639f schema:name doi
111 schema:value 10.1111/j.1572-0241.2001.03936.x
112 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
113 N44f4c59a6c834f73affc247fc1d72ee1 schema:volumeNumber 96
114 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
115 N565c1ff762d440bbb8d2bbe58c66b5c0 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
116 schema:name Child
117 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
118 N567710526aa7422f80424a40411c5b77 rdf:first sg:person.0630406370.13
119 rdf:rest rdf:nil
120 N8137c7961a7d4904b39f6d6e5b70a913 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
121 schema:name Infant
122 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
123 N984c64f513af4545bd53890fe759f962 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
124 rdf:type schema:Organization
125 N9bc03376c13f4b3b8a01fa9d6706ec3d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
126 schema:name Child, Preschool
127 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
128 N9c31ac42cfaa4741b93624dd49662d8c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
129 schema:name Humans
130 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
131 Nadf2b78ed99d44bfbfc95f3f90848440 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
132 schema:name Respiration
133 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
134 Nbb77197b2d7742aeb4f00a40b1ce1a51 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
135 schema:name Esophagus
136 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
137 Nbbecdd7d467149d0a3a34fc83549d8d4 rdf:first sg:person.01326611173.55
138 rdf:rest N567710526aa7422f80424a40411c5b77
139 Nbfd36d19a104455ca8f99f12d16c2176 schema:issueNumber 7
140 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
141 Nef7744462e884eb5863e917dd9a5e24e schema:name dimensions_id
142 schema:value pub.1007509275
143 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
144 Nf3f80743e47042fe81a9f1caa7daff89 rdf:first sg:person.0577346161.64
145 rdf:rest Nbbecdd7d467149d0a3a34fc83549d8d4
146 Nfbc44313cd8b4b6d84aeaba792fac06e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
147 schema:name Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
148 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
149 Nfe20923fac574b2ba74f21ea723bde7a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
150 schema:name Gastroesophageal Reflux
151 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
152 Nff79d07d18114d08a3871a52cc5aa73f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
153 schema:name Esophagogastric Junction
154 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
155 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
156 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
157 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
158 anzsrc-for:1199 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
159 schema:name Other Medical and Health Sciences
160 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
161 sg:journal.1412991 schema:issn 0002-9270
162 1572-0241
163 schema:name The American Journal of Gastroenterology
164 schema:publisher Wolters Kluwer
165 rdf:type schema:Periodical
166 sg:person.01326611173.55 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.136593.b
167 schema:familyName Kawahara
168 schema:givenName Hisayoshi
169 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01326611173.55
170 rdf:type schema:Person
171 sg:person.0577346161.64 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.1694.a
172 schema:familyName Davidson
173 schema:givenName Geoffrey
174 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0577346161.64
175 rdf:type schema:Person
176 sg:person.0630406370.13 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.416075.1
177 schema:familyName Dent
178 schema:givenName John
179 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0630406370.13
180 rdf:type schema:Person
181 sg:person.0725725344.49 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.136593.b
182 schema:familyName Okada
183 schema:givenName Akira
184 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0725725344.49
185 rdf:type schema:Person
186 grid-institutes:grid.136593.b schema:alternateName Department of Pediatric Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan
187 schema:name Department of Pediatric Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan
188 rdf:type schema:Organization
189 grid-institutes:grid.1694.a schema:alternateName Gastroenterology Unit, Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, Australia
190 schema:name Gastroenterology Unit, Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, Australia
191 rdf:type schema:Organization
192 grid-institutes:grid.416075.1 schema:alternateName Gastrointestinal Medicine, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, Australia
193 schema:name Gastrointestinal Medicine, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, Australia
194 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...