Enhanced polymorphonuclear neutrophil-mediated endothelial cell injury and its relation to high surgical mortality rate in cirrhotic patients View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1999-11-01

AUTHORS

Yoshiaki Shimizu, Masaru Miyazaki, Hiroshi Ito, Koji Nakagawa, Satoshi Ambiru, Hiroaki Shimizu, Shunta Nakamura, Atushi Okuno, Satoshi Nozawa, Yuji Nukui, Hideyuki Yoshitomi, Nobuyuki Nakajim

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: A high incidence of complications has been documented in patients with cirrhosis after operations. Recently, polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) have been revealed to have the capacity to injure vascular endothelium and to cause organ damage. Furthermore, the altered function of PMN has been shown in patients with cirrhosis. However, there are few reports investigating the interaction between PMN and endothelial cells and its relation to a high incidence of postoperative complications in cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate PMN-mediated endothelial cell injury in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: Patients were divided into two groups: those who had normal liver with metastatic liver carcinoma and those who had cirrhosis with hepatocellular carcinoma. All patients in both groups underwent hepatic resection. PMN were isolated from patients before operation. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells and PMN were cocultured after addition of phorbol myristate acetate. The release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and thrombomodulin in the cocultured medium and the elastase activity in PMN suspension were measured. RESULTS: The release of both LDH and thrombomodulin in the group with cirrhosis was significantly higher than in the group with normal liver. The elastase activity was similarly higher in the group with cirrhosis than in the group with normal liver. The surgical morbidity rate was remarkably higher in the group with cirrhosis (50%) than in the group with normal liver (0%). CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that PMN have an enhanced potential to cause endothelial cell injury in patients with cirrhosis. This PMN "priming" may be responsible for the occurrence of postoperative complications in patients with cirrhosis after hepatectomy. More... »

PAGES

3297

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1111/j.1572-0241.1999.01541.x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1572-0241.1999.01541.x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024611524

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10566733


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