Peripheral blood dendritic cells and GM-CSF as an adjuvantfor hepatitis B vaccination in hemodialysis patients View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2004-08

AUTHORS

Martijn A Verkade, Jacqueline van de Wetering, Mariska Klepper, Leonard M B Vaessen, Willem Weimar, Michiel G H Betjes

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Dysfunctional antigen presentation may underlie the impaired antibody response to hepatitis B vaccination in hemodialysis patients. Dendritic cells are considered to be the most important antigen presenting cells, but their presence and function in hemodialysis patients is unclear. Granulocyte-monocyte-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) has been given successfully to hemodialysis patients to increase the proportion of responders to hepatitis B vaccination. Although GM-CSF acts on both monocytes and dendritic cells, the mechanisms underlying its adjuvant quality are largely unknown. METHODS: In this study we analyzed monocytes and dendritic cells in the peripheral blood of hemodialysis patient that had responded to a standard hepatitis B vaccination procedure (responders), patients who had not responded (nonresponders), and healthy controls. The nonresponders were given two additional booster vaccines, both preceded by administration of GM-CSF the day before. RESULTS: After two booster vaccinations with GM-CSF, six out of seven patients developed a protective antibody response to hepatitis B. The memory T-cell response to tetanus toxoid was significantly lower in nonresponders compared to controls. The monocytes of dialysis patients and healthy controls showed a similar expression of relevant cell surface molecules. However, the numbers of circulating dendritic cells were on average 50% reduced compared to healthy controls, with a further reduction after GM-CSF administration. This was accompanied by a decrease of T-cell proliferation in antigen presentation assays. Monocytes showed increased major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II, CD54, and CD40 expression, while their antigen-presenting capacity remained unchanged. CONCLUSION: GM-CSF is an effective adjuvant for hepatitis B vaccination in primary nonresponding hemodialysis patients, but paradoxically decreases the antigen presenting capacity of peripheral blood mononuclear cells and the number of circulating dendritic cells. More... »

PAGES

614-621

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1111/j.1523-1755.2004.00781.x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1755.2004.00781.x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038409431

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15253714


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