Wandering stars: age‐related habitat use and dispersal of Javan Hawk‐eagles (Spizaetus bartelsi) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2003-10

AUTHORS

Vincent Nijman, S. Van Balen

ABSTRACT

Natal dispersal and philopatry have rarely been studied in tropical forest raptors. Especially with respect to endangered species with fragmented distributions more knowledge of dispersal and age-related habitat preferences is needed for proper management. We conducted an island-wide study on age-related habitat preferences of the endangered Javan Hawk-eagle (Spizaetus bartelsi), Indonesia's national bird. The Javan Hawk-eagle is a true forest eagle, but is occasionally observed in non-forested areas. On the basis of 95 visual encounters in 50 localities in the period 1980–2002, we established that there were no age-related differences in geographical, altitudinal or climatic distribution. In habitat preferences, however, juveniles and immatures are proportionally more often recorded in open and disturbed habitats than adults, which seem to have a greater preference for evergreen forest. These results indicate that the prime habitat for adult Javan Hawk-eagles is evergreen forest and to a lesser degree secondary forest, with juveniles dispersing out of their natal territory into different habitat types, including seemingly unsuitable types. In their habitat choice, immatures tend to be more similar to adults than to juveniles, which is an indication that their dispersal takes place into habitats that are more suitable for establishing a breeding territory. Philopatrie und die Ausbreitung von Jungtieren sind bei tropischen Raubvögeln bislang kaum untersucht, obwohl gerade für bedrohte Arten mit fragmentierten Verbreitungsgebieten ein besserer Kenntnisstand über die Ausbreitungsmuster und altersbedingte Unterschiede in den Habitatvorlieben für ein effektives Management notwendig wäre. In der Zeit zwischen 1980 und 2002 führten wir eine inselweite Studie über altersbedingte Habitatpräferenzen des Javahaubenadlers (Spizaetus bartelsi) durch. Diese Art, Indonesiens Nationalvogel, ist auf Waldgebiete spezialisiert, kann aber gelegentlich auch in unbewaldeten Gebieten beobachtet werden. Die Analyse von 95 Sichtbeobachtungen an 50 Fundorten zeigte keine altersbedingten Unterschiede in der geographischen, höhenbedingten oder klimatischen Verbreitung, wies aber dagegen auf eine unterschiedliche Habitatwahl juveniler und subadulter Adler hin. Diese wurden signifikant häufiger in offenen und degradierten Gebieten beobachtet, während die adulten Tiere eine stärkere Präferenz für geschlossene Regenwaldgebiete aufwiesen. Die Fortpflanzung des Javaadlers findet meist im Regenwald statt, und die frisch ausgeflogen Tiere zeigen ähnliche Habitatvorlieben wie die Adulti. Dies bestätigt, dass der Regenwald den primären Lebensraum des Javaadlers darstellt und die Jungtiere sich in andere, darunter auch anscheinend weniger geeignete, Habitate ausbreiten. Die subadulten Tiere zeigen dagegen Habitatpräferenzen, die stärker an die der Altvögel erinnern als an die der Juvenilen. Dies weist möglicherweise darauf hin, dass sie in dieser Lebensphase bereits Bereiche suchen, die als Brutterritorium geeignet sind. More... »

PAGES

451-458

References to SciGraph publications

Journal

TITLE

Journal of Ornithology

ISSUE

4

VOLUME

144

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1111/j.1439-0361.2003.03044.x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0361.2003.03044.x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050043679


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