Langerhans Cells Are the Major Source of mRNA for IL-1β and MIP-1α Among Unstimulated Mouse Epidermal Cells View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1992-11

AUTHORS

H Matsue, P D Cruz, P R Bergstresser, A Takashima

ABSTRACT

Immunocompetent cells of the epidermis can interact by the elaboration and recognition of cytokines. Although much new information has been reported concerning the cytokines secreted by keratinocytes, little is known about cytokines derived from Langerhans cells (LC). To address this deficiency, we examined cytokine mRNA profiles in different epidermal preparations from BALB/c mice, taking advantage of the sensitive technique of polymerase chain reaction (PCR), after reverse transcription of mRNA. In assays of epidermal sheets separated from dermis by ammonium thiocyanate, mRNA for IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6, IL-7, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha), TNF beta, granulocyte macrophage/colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP-1 alpha) were unequivocally present. By contrast, faint bands were detected for IL-4, IL-5, and interferon gamma (IFN gamma), and no PCR signal was detected for IL-2. Importantly, assays of epidermal cells (EC) dissociated with trypsin revealed similar mRNA profiles. To determine the effects of cell isolation, fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS)-purified Ia- EC were first analyzed; all of the previously cited cytokine mRNA were present except for IL-1 beta and MIP-1 alpha. EC depleted of LC by a second technique, lysis using anti-Ia monoclonal antibody and complement, revealed similar profiles, with substantially reduced PCR signals for IL-1 beta and MIP-1 alpha. Finally, FACS-purified LC (Ia+ EC) clearly expressed IL-1 beta and MIP-1 alpha mRNA, a finding that was verified by Southern blotting using internal oligo probes. We conclude that these cell-isolation procedures did not produce substantial alterations in basal mRNA profiles and that LC are the principal source of mRNA for IL-1 beta and MIP-1 alpha among unstimulated EC in mice. More... »

PAGES

537-541

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1111/1523-1747.ep12667296

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1523-1747.ep12667296

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008580923

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1385544


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