JCV-specific cellular immune response correlates with a favorable clinical outcome in HIV-infected individuals with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2001-07

AUTHORS

Renaud A. Du Pasquier, Katherine W. Clark, Philip S. Smith, Jeffrey T. Joseph, John M. Mazullo, Umberto De Girolami, Norman L. Letvin, Igor J. Koralnik

ABSTRACT

Most immunosuppressed individuals who develop progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) have a rapid fatal outcome, whereas some become long-term survivors. We explored the impact of the cellular immune response against JC virus (JCV) on the clinical outcome of 7 HIV+ and 3 HIV- individuals with PML. Of the 4 HIV+/PML survivors, all had detectable cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) specific for JCV T or VP 1 proteins compared to none of the 3 HIV+/PML progressors tested. Of the 3 HIV-/PML patients, 1 was recently diagnosed with PML and showed evidence of neurologic improvement without any treatment. This patient had CTL specific for the VP1 protein of JCV. The other 2 HIV-/PML survivors were stable 3-8 years after the diagnosis of PML. They did not have any detectable CTL against JCV. These findings suggest that JCV-specific immune response is associated with favorable outcome in HIV+ individuals with PML. The lack of detectable JCV-specific CTL in 2 HIV-/PML survivors might indicate a burnt-out disease without sufficient antigenic stimulation to maintain the cellular immune response. The detection of JCV-specific CTL in an HIV- patient recently diagnosed with PML, who was showing evidence of neurological improvement without any treatment, indicates that this finding may be used as a favorable prognostic marker of disease evolution in the clinical management of patients with PML. As the quest for an effective treatment of PML continues, JCV-specific cellular immune response deserves further attention because it appears to play a crucial role in the prevention of disease progression. More... »

PAGES

318-322

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1080/13550280152537175

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13550280152537175

DIMENSIONS

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PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11517410


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39 schema:description Most immunosuppressed individuals who develop progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) have a rapid fatal outcome, whereas some become long-term survivors. We explored the impact of the cellular immune response against JC virus (JCV) on the clinical outcome of 7 HIV+ and 3 HIV- individuals with PML. Of the 4 HIV+/PML survivors, all had detectable cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) specific for JCV T or VP 1 proteins compared to none of the 3 HIV+/PML progressors tested. Of the 3 HIV-/PML patients, 1 was recently diagnosed with PML and showed evidence of neurologic improvement without any treatment. This patient had CTL specific for the VP1 protein of JCV. The other 2 HIV-/PML survivors were stable 3-8 years after the diagnosis of PML. They did not have any detectable CTL against JCV. These findings suggest that JCV-specific immune response is associated with favorable outcome in HIV+ individuals with PML. The lack of detectable JCV-specific CTL in 2 HIV-/PML survivors might indicate a burnt-out disease without sufficient antigenic stimulation to maintain the cellular immune response. The detection of JCV-specific CTL in an HIV- patient recently diagnosed with PML, who was showing evidence of neurological improvement without any treatment, indicates that this finding may be used as a favorable prognostic marker of disease evolution in the clinical management of patients with PML. As the quest for an effective treatment of PML continues, JCV-specific cellular immune response deserves further attention because it appears to play a crucial role in the prevention of disease progression.
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