Using phytoremediation technologies to upgrade waste water treatment in Europe View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2007-11

AUTHORS

Peter Schröder, Juan Navarro-Aviñó, Hassan Azaizeh, Avi Golan Goldhirsh, Simona DiGregorio, Tamas Komives, Günter Langergraber, Anton Lenz, Elena Maestri, Abdul R. Memon, Alfonso Ranalli, Luca Sebastiani, Stanislav Smrcek, Tomas Vanek, Stephane Vuilleumier, Frieder Wissing

ABSTRACT

Goal, Scope and BackgroundOne of the burning problems of our industrial society is the high consumption of water and the high demand for clean drinking water. Numerous approaches have been taken to reduce water consumption, but in the long run it seems only possible to recycle waste water into high quality water. It seems timely to discuss alternative water remediation technologies that are fit for industrial as well as less developed countries to ensure a high quality of drinking water throughout Europe.Main FeaturesThe present paper discusses a range of phytoremediation technologies to be applied in a modular approach to integrate and improve the performance of existing wastewater treatment, especially towards the emerging micro pollutants, i.e. organic chemicals and pharmaceuticals. This topic is of global relevance for the EU.ResultsExisting technologies for waste water treatment do not sufficiently address increasing pollution situation, especially with the growing use of organic pollutants in the private household and health sector. Although some crude chemical approaches exist, such as advanced oxidation steps, most waste water treatment plants will not be able to adopt them. The same is true for membrane technologies.DiscussionIncredible progress has been made during recent years, thus providing us with membranes of longevity and stability and, at the same time, high filtration capacity. However, these systems are expensive and delicate in operation, so that the majority of communities will not be able to afford them. Combinations of different phytoremediation technologies seem to be most promising to solve this burning problem.ConclusionsTo quantify the occurrence and the distribution of micropollutants, to evaluate their effects, and to prevent them from passing through wastewater collection and treatment systems into rivers, lakes and ground water bodies represents an urgent task for applied environmental sciences in the coming years.RecommendationsPublic acceptance of green technologies is generally higher than that of industrial processes. The EU should stimulate research to upgrade existing waste water treatment by implementing phytoremediation modules and demonstrating their reliability to the public. More... »

PAGES

490-497

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2002-01. Prospects and limitations of phytoremediation for the removal of persistent pesticides in the environment in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 2004-06. Plant response to heavy metals and organic pollutants in cell culture and at whole plant level in JOURNAL OF SOILS AND SEDIMENTS
  • 2004-07-29. Determination of 5-fluorouracil in hospital effluents in ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
  • 2003-06. Constructed wetlands for the treatment of organic pollutants in JOURNAL OF SOILS AND SEDIMENTS
  • 2002-01. Exploiting plant metabolism for the phytoremediation of persistent herbicides in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 1997. Fate of Glutathione S-Conjugates in Plants in REGULATION OF ENZYMATIC SYSTEMS DETOXIFYING XENOBIOTICS IN PLANTS
  • 2001. The Role of Glutathione and Glutathione S-transferases in Plant Reaction and Adaptation to Xenobiotics in SIGNIFICANCE OF GLUTATHIONE TO PLANT ADAPTATION TO THE ENVIRONMENT
  • 2002. Numerical Simulation as a Tool to Improve Subsurface-Flow Constructed Wetlands for Water Treatment in WATER RESOURCES QUALITY
  • 2003-12. New developments in rhizosphere research in JOURNAL OF SOILS AND SEDIMENTS
  • 2006-09-02. Perfluorinated Surfactants in Surface and Drinking Waters (9 pp) in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • Journal

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1065/espr2006.12.373

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1065/espr2006.12.373

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041845184

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18062481


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