Port Financing and Pricing in the European Union: Theory, Politics and Reality View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2001-12

AUTHORS

H E Haralambides, A Verbeke, E Musso, M Benacchio

ABSTRACT

The issue of financing and pricing of port infrastructure has recently been the subject of widespread debate in Europe and it is now high on the political agenda of the European Union. This is the result of globalisation and the changing operational environment of ports, as well as of the increased port competition brought about by the completion of the internal market. Greater private sector interest in the port industry, as well as in the rest of Europe's infrastructure, necessitates some form of cost-based pricing that would allow the recovery of port investments. This could, however, disturb the existing ‘equilibrium’ among ports that has been established over the years as a result of each port's particular characteristics such as geographical location, proximity to markets, navigational constraints, subsidies and types of financing. Among competing container ports, like those of western Europe, such ‘disturbances’ can have marked impacts on ports' market shares, as a result of the easiness carriers can nowadays switch between ports. Furthermore, efficient pricing in the port sector could not bring about the expected welfare effects if the rest of the related infrastructure is not priced accordingly. The issue thus appears to be reaching a standstill, particularly in view of the fact that in most countries ports are considered as part of the country's infrastructure and thus State investment in ports is considered as ‘public investment’ outside the reach and mandate of the European Commission. The paper argues that the prime goal to be pursued at a European level is to achieve a level playing field among competing commercial seaports. It also reviews the past and present efforts of the European Commission in this area, the difficulties and challenges these efforts are faced with and, finally, it attempts to indicate the way forward; a way consistent with Europe's political thinking, priorities and realities. More... »

PAGES

368-386

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1057/palgrave.ijme.9100026

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.ijme.9100026

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043501738


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1402", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Applied Economics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/14", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Economics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Erasmus University Rotterdam", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6906.9", 
          "name": [
            "Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Haralambides", 
        "givenName": "H E", 
        "id": "sg:person.014542307622.84", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014542307622.84"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Vrije Universiteit Brussel", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8767.e", 
          "name": [
            "University of Brussels, Belgium"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Verbeke", 
        "givenName": "A", 
        "id": "sg:person.013572253061.51", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013572253061.51"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Genoa", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5606.5", 
          "name": [
            "University of Genoa, Italy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Musso", 
        "givenName": "E", 
        "id": "sg:person.07774452130.96", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07774452130.96"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Genoa", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5606.5", 
          "name": [
            "University of Genoa, Italy"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Benacchio", 
        "givenName": "M", 
        "id": "sg:person.016237011411.12", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016237011411.12"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/03088838100000022", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016157245"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/03088837800000037", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020864797"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/03088839400000014", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028340490"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/03088837900000017", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030683776"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/03088839400000017", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049845108"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2222721", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069837643"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2222721", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069837643"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2001-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2001-12-01", 
    "description": "The issue of financing and pricing of port infrastructure has recently been the subject of widespread debate in Europe and it is now high on the political agenda of the European Union. This is the result of globalisation and the changing operational environment of ports, as well as of the increased port competition brought about by the completion of the internal market. Greater private sector interest in the port industry, as well as in the rest of Europe's infrastructure, necessitates some form of cost-based pricing that would allow the recovery of port investments. This could, however, disturb the existing \u2018equilibrium\u2019 among ports that has been established over the years as a result of each port's particular characteristics such as geographical location, proximity to markets, navigational constraints, subsidies and types of financing. Among competing container ports, like those of western Europe, such \u2018disturbances\u2019 can have marked impacts on ports' market shares, as a result of the easiness carriers can nowadays switch between ports. Furthermore, efficient pricing in the port sector could not bring about the expected welfare effects if the rest of the related infrastructure is not priced accordingly. The issue thus appears to be reaching a standstill, particularly in view of the fact that in most countries ports are considered as part of the country's infrastructure and thus State investment in ports is considered as \u2018public investment\u2019 outside the reach and mandate of the European Commission. The paper argues that the prime goal to be pursued at a European level is to achieve a level playing field among competing commercial seaports. It also reviews the past and present efforts of the European Commission in this area, the difficulties and challenges these efforts are faced with and, finally, it attempts to indicate the way forward; a way consistent with Europe's political thinking, priorities and realities.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1057/palgrave.ijme.9100026", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1297567", 
        "issn": [
          "1388-1973", 
          "1476-0592"
        ], 
        "name": "International Journal of Maritime Economics", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "4", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "3"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Port Financing and Pricing in the European Union: Theory, Politics and Reality", 
    "pagination": "368-386", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "cf3707b5083d20a25304cd51883f060e2f6a0e4c0783a43080ec3faa21de528b"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1057/palgrave.ijme.9100026"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1043501738"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.ijme.9100026", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043501738"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T19:54", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8681_00000501.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1057/palgrave.ijme.9100026"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1057/palgrave.ijme.9100026'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1057/palgrave.ijme.9100026'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1057/palgrave.ijme.9100026'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1057/palgrave.ijme.9100026'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

106 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      33 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1057/palgrave.ijme.9100026 schema:about anzsrc-for:14
2 anzsrc-for:1402
3 schema:author Nfbf9810f288b44a0bf734588de50d3aa
4 schema:citation https://doi.org/10.1080/03088837800000037
5 https://doi.org/10.1080/03088837900000017
6 https://doi.org/10.1080/03088838100000022
7 https://doi.org/10.1080/03088839400000014
8 https://doi.org/10.1080/03088839400000017
9 https://doi.org/10.2307/2222721
10 schema:datePublished 2001-12
11 schema:datePublishedReg 2001-12-01
12 schema:description The issue of financing and pricing of port infrastructure has recently been the subject of widespread debate in Europe and it is now high on the political agenda of the European Union. This is the result of globalisation and the changing operational environment of ports, as well as of the increased port competition brought about by the completion of the internal market. Greater private sector interest in the port industry, as well as in the rest of Europe's infrastructure, necessitates some form of cost-based pricing that would allow the recovery of port investments. This could, however, disturb the existing ‘equilibrium’ among ports that has been established over the years as a result of each port's particular characteristics such as geographical location, proximity to markets, navigational constraints, subsidies and types of financing. Among competing container ports, like those of western Europe, such ‘disturbances’ can have marked impacts on ports' market shares, as a result of the easiness carriers can nowadays switch between ports. Furthermore, efficient pricing in the port sector could not bring about the expected welfare effects if the rest of the related infrastructure is not priced accordingly. The issue thus appears to be reaching a standstill, particularly in view of the fact that in most countries ports are considered as part of the country's infrastructure and thus State investment in ports is considered as ‘public investment’ outside the reach and mandate of the European Commission. The paper argues that the prime goal to be pursued at a European level is to achieve a level playing field among competing commercial seaports. It also reviews the past and present efforts of the European Commission in this area, the difficulties and challenges these efforts are faced with and, finally, it attempts to indicate the way forward; a way consistent with Europe's political thinking, priorities and realities.
13 schema:genre research_article
14 schema:inLanguage en
15 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
16 schema:isPartOf N5e11ad3e6c304f51b09c29bfd741557a
17 Nac079d0b9b0b4c94a6710cf9570ff83b
18 sg:journal.1297567
19 schema:name Port Financing and Pricing in the European Union: Theory, Politics and Reality
20 schema:pagination 368-386
21 schema:productId N8aaae771ff7846c38e08792e07345177
22 Nd5f48ad529d3424ea857ab05b76c5470
23 Ne84baab1bfe34082b98c35ccf020bc2b
24 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043501738
25 https://doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.ijme.9100026
26 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T19:54
27 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
28 schema:sdPublisher N77e0a1070634496183ea1b21396e380c
29 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1057/palgrave.ijme.9100026
30 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
31 sgo:sdDataset articles
32 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
33 N5e11ad3e6c304f51b09c29bfd741557a schema:volumeNumber 3
34 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
35 N77e0a1070634496183ea1b21396e380c schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
36 rdf:type schema:Organization
37 N8aaae771ff7846c38e08792e07345177 schema:name doi
38 schema:value 10.1057/palgrave.ijme.9100026
39 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
40 Nac079d0b9b0b4c94a6710cf9570ff83b schema:issueNumber 4
41 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
42 Nbdeb1f95e75a4eebacd25d11aea51969 rdf:first sg:person.07774452130.96
43 rdf:rest Neecbeea34fd44909a2bb69d285645e3d
44 Nd5f48ad529d3424ea857ab05b76c5470 schema:name dimensions_id
45 schema:value pub.1043501738
46 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
47 Nde84b3af3d02424c87f087ff5a029fba rdf:first sg:person.013572253061.51
48 rdf:rest Nbdeb1f95e75a4eebacd25d11aea51969
49 Ne84baab1bfe34082b98c35ccf020bc2b schema:name readcube_id
50 schema:value cf3707b5083d20a25304cd51883f060e2f6a0e4c0783a43080ec3faa21de528b
51 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
52 Neecbeea34fd44909a2bb69d285645e3d rdf:first sg:person.016237011411.12
53 rdf:rest rdf:nil
54 Nfbf9810f288b44a0bf734588de50d3aa rdf:first sg:person.014542307622.84
55 rdf:rest Nde84b3af3d02424c87f087ff5a029fba
56 anzsrc-for:14 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
57 schema:name Economics
58 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
59 anzsrc-for:1402 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
60 schema:name Applied Economics
61 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
62 sg:journal.1297567 schema:issn 1388-1973
63 1476-0592
64 schema:name International Journal of Maritime Economics
65 rdf:type schema:Periodical
66 sg:person.013572253061.51 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8767.e
67 schema:familyName Verbeke
68 schema:givenName A
69 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013572253061.51
70 rdf:type schema:Person
71 sg:person.014542307622.84 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6906.9
72 schema:familyName Haralambides
73 schema:givenName H E
74 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014542307622.84
75 rdf:type schema:Person
76 sg:person.016237011411.12 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5606.5
77 schema:familyName Benacchio
78 schema:givenName M
79 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016237011411.12
80 rdf:type schema:Person
81 sg:person.07774452130.96 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5606.5
82 schema:familyName Musso
83 schema:givenName E
84 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07774452130.96
85 rdf:type schema:Person
86 https://doi.org/10.1080/03088837800000037 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020864797
87 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
88 https://doi.org/10.1080/03088837900000017 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030683776
89 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
90 https://doi.org/10.1080/03088838100000022 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016157245
91 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
92 https://doi.org/10.1080/03088839400000014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028340490
93 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
94 https://doi.org/10.1080/03088839400000017 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049845108
95 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
96 https://doi.org/10.2307/2222721 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069837643
97 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
98 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5606.5 schema:alternateName University of Genoa
99 schema:name University of Genoa, Italy
100 rdf:type schema:Organization
101 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6906.9 schema:alternateName Erasmus University Rotterdam
102 schema:name Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands
103 rdf:type schema:Organization
104 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8767.e schema:alternateName Vrije Universiteit Brussel
105 schema:name University of Brussels, Belgium
106 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...