Effects of atmospheric and climate change at the timberline of the Central European Alps View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2009-01

AUTHORS

Gerhard Wieser, Rainer Matyssek, Roland Luzian, Peter Zwerger, Peter Pindur, Walter Oberhuber, Andreas Gruber

ABSTRACT

This review considers potential effects of atmospheric change and climate warming within the timberline ecotone of the Central European Alps. After focusing on the impacts of ozone (O(3)) and rising atmospheric CO(2) concentration, effects of climate warming on the carbon and water balance of timberline trees and forests will be outlined towards conclusions about changes in tree growth and treeline dynamics.Presently, ambient ground-level O(3) concentrations do not exert crucial stress on adult conifers at the timberline of the Central European Alps. In response to elevated atmospheric CO(2)Larix decidua showed growth increase, whereas no such response was found in Pinus uncinata. Overall climate warming appears as the factor responsible for the observed growth stimulation of timberline trees.Increased seedling re-establishment in the Central European Alps however, resulted from invasion into potential habitats rather than upward migration due to climate change, although seedlings will only reach tree size upon successful coupling with the atmosphere and thus loosing the beneficial microclimate of low stature vegetation.In conclusion, future climate extremes are more likely than the gradual temperature increase to control treeline dynamics in the Central European Alps. More... »

PAGES

402-402

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1051/forest/2009023

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/forest/2009023

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041586788

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21379395


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    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

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    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1051/forest/2009023'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

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