Expression of salt and urea transporters in rat kidney during cisplatin-induced polyuria View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2001-12

AUTHORS

C A Ecelbarger, J M Sands, J J Doran, W Cacini, B K Kishore

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cisplatin (CP) induced polyuria in rats is associated with a reduction in medullary hypertonicity, normally generated by the thick ascending limb (TAL) salt transporters, and the collecting duct urea transporters (UT). To investigate the molecular basis of this abnormality, we determined the protein abundance of major salt and UT isoforms in rat kidney during CP-induced polyuria. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats received either a single injection of CP (5 mg/kg, N = 6) or saline (N = 6) intraperitoneally five days before sacrifice. Urine, blood, and kidneys were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: CP-treated rats developed polyuric acute renal failure as assessed by increased blood urea nitrogen (BUN), urine volume and decreased urine osmolality. Western analysis of kidney homogenates revealed a marked reduction in band density of the bumetanide-sensitive Na-K-2Cl cotransporter in cortex (60% of control values, P < 0.05), but not in outer medulla (OM) (106% of control values). There were no differences in band densities for the renal outer medullary potassium channel (ROMK), the type III Na-H exchanger (NHE3), the alpha-subunit of Na,K-ATPase in the OM; or for UT-A1, UT-A2 or UT-A4 in outer or inner medulla. However, the band pattern of UT-A2 and UT-A4 proteins in the OM of CP-treated rats was different from the control rats, suggesting a qualitative modification of these proteins. CONCLUSIONS: Changes in the abundance of outer or inner medullary salt or urea transporters are unlikely to play a role in the CP-induced reduction in medullary hypertonicity. However, qualitative changes in UT proteins may affect their functionality and thus may have a role. More... »

PAGES

2274-2282

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1046/j.1523-1755.2001.00048.x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1755.2001.00048.x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043791140

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11737600


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