Induction of Anti-Tumor Immunity with Epidermal Cells Pulsed with Tumor-Derived RNA or Intradermal Administration of RNA View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2000-04

AUTHORS

R D Granstein, W Ding, H Ozawa

ABSTRACT

The skin is well-suited to serve as a substrate for vaccination strategies. In this regard, epidermal cells exposed to granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor can, upon subcutaneous injection into naïve mice, present a soluble extract of tumor as a source of tumor-associated antigens for the induction of in vivo anti-tumor immunity. Use of RNA for immunization has a potential advantage over this technique. Because RNA can be amplified, only a small amount of tumor is needed for antigen preparation and, as with a soluble extract, it is not necessary to know the molecular nature of the antigen(s) relevant to immunity. To test the hypothesis that RNA-pulsed epidermal cells can induce anti-tumor immunity, total cellular RNA was isolated from the S1509a spindle cell tumor and used to pulse CAF1 epidermal cells enriched for Langerhans cell content and pre-exposed to granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. These cells were then injected subcutaneously into naïve CAF1 mice three times at weekly intervals followed by challenge with living S1509a cells. Tumor growth was significantly less than in control animals immunized in an identical fashion but with irrelevant RNA. Digestion of S1509a RNA with RNase prior to pulsing of epidermal cells prevented the development of immunity. In separate experiments, intradermal injection of S1509a RNA into naïve mice three times at weekly intervals also induced immunity to challenge with the tumor. Digestion of S1509a RNA with RNase also prevented development of immunity in this system. Effective anti-tumor immunity can be induced in mice utilizing RNA-pulsed epidermal cells for in vivo immunization or by injecting RNA intradermally into naïve mice. More... »

PAGES

632-636

Journal

TITLE

Journal of Investigative Dermatology

ISSUE

4

VOLUME

114

Author Affiliations

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1046/j.1523-1747.2000.00929.x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1747.2000.00929.x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004292534

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10733665


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