Upregulation of Connexin 26 is a Feature of Keratinocyte Differentiation in Hyperproliferative Epidermis, Vaginal Epithelium, and Buccal Epithelium View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1999-03

AUTHORS

T Lucke, R Choudhry, R Thom, I S Selmer, A D Burden, M B Hodgins

ABSTRACT

In epidermis, it has been suggested, intercellular communication through gap junctions is important in coordinating cell behavior. The connexins, may facilitate selective assembly or permeability of gap junctions, influencing the distribution of metabolites between cells. Using immunohistochemistry, we have compared the distribution of connexins 26 and 43 with that of proliferating cells (Ki67 labeling) in normal epidermis, hyperplastic epidermis (tape-stripped epidermis, psoriatic lesions, and viral warts), and vaginal and buccal epithelia. Connexin 43 was abundant in spinous layers of all epidermal specimens and in vaginal and buccal epithelia. Connexin 26 was absent from the interfollicular and interductal epidermis of normal hair-bearing skin, and nonlesional psoriatic epidermis but present at very low levels in plantar epidermis. Connexin 26 was prominent in lesional psoriatic epidermis and viral warts and in vaginal and buccal epithelia. In three independent experiments connexin 26 appeared in a patchy intercellular distribution in the basal epidermis within 24 h of tape stripping, proceeding to more extensive distribution in basal and suprabasal layers by 48 h. The increase in connexin 26 preceded that in cell proliferation. In vaginal epithelium, buccal epithelium, and viral warts connexin 26 was restricted mainly to suprabasal, nonproliferating cells. In psoriatic lesional epidermis connexin 26 was also located mainly in suprabasal, nonproliferating cells. Connexin 26 was present in a patchy distribution in the basal layer of psoriatic lesional epidermis, but double labeling for connexin 26 and Ki67 showed that many connexin 26 positive basal cells were nonproliferative, suggesting that connexin 26 may be related to differentiation rather than to proliferation. These observations would be consistent with a role for connexin 26 containing gap junctions during both early and later stages of keratinocyte differentiation in hyperplastic epidermis and in vaginal and buccal epithelia. More... »

PAGES

354-361

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1046/j.1523-1747.1999.00512.x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1747.1999.00512.x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022576938

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10084314


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